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Stuff for dates

Project description

For when you need some datetime helpers but not a complete replacement for the modules.


Frankly, I love the built in datetime module. Almost everything I need to do, I can just do with it.

However, a few things tend to creep up datetime and datetime again. Things like:

  • Creating a range of dates
  • Creating an unfixed date
  • Checking if two datetimes are within a certain delta of one another

Here’s a short look at what’s included.

RelativeDate and RelativeDateTime

These allow you to create an unfixed date or datetime instance by providing a timedelta offset and/or factory method.

By default, RelativeDate uses and RelativeDateTime uses as the default factories and both have a default offset of timedelta(0):

rd = RelativeDate()
rd.as_date()  # date(2016, 7, 24)

rdt = RelativeDateTime()
rd.as_datetime()  # datetime(2016, 7, 24, 12, 29)

However, it is also possible to provide other factories as well:

import arrow
rdt = RelativeDateTime(clock=arrow.utcnow)
rdt.as_datetime() # <Arrow [2016-07-24T17:34:58.970460+00:00]>

And as long as the underlying factory produces a date or datetime compatible object, everything will just work. By compatible, I mean implements the date or datetime interface.

Additionally, if only a static offset from today or now is desired, you can simply provide the offset argument with a timedelta or dateutil relativedelta. Note that currently, timedelta and relativedelta are not interoperable.

from datetime import timedelta
rd = RelativeDate(offset=timedelta(days=6))
rd.as_date()  # date(2016, 7, 30)

RelativeDate and RelativeDateTime also allow comparing against regular date and datetime instances with the standard operators (==, !=, >, etc). Making these incredibly useful for quickly defining date boundaries that are defined statically (such as in a serializer or ORM model):

from datetime import timedelta, date

rd = RelativeDate(offset=timedelta(days=7))

assert rd >  # always true

Adding and subtracting relative instances actually operate on their offsets, rather than underlying date or datetime values.

from datetime import timedelta

rd = RelativeDate(offset=timedelta(days=1))

rd + rd == RelativeDate(offset(timedelta(days=2)))

rd - rd == RelativeDate()

Some alternate constructors are provided where it makes sense, each allows passing an offset but defaults to timedelta(), provided are:

  • the default constructor
  • the default constructor, allows passing a tzinfo object to the factory
  • RelativeDateTime.utcnow: factory produces UTC-based datetimes (note: these are NAIVE as it relies on the underlying datetime.utcnow)
  • the default constructor, does not allow passing a tzinfo object

For convenience sake there are also truly static constructors:

  • RelativeDate.fromdate: hoists a regular date into relative context
  • RelativeDateTime.fromdatetime: hoists a regular datetime into
  • RelativeDateTime.fromdate: hoists a date into a RelativeDateTime context, allows passing a tzinfo object, factory looks like datetime.combine(the_date, time(tzinfo=tzinfo))

Any additional static constructors, such as datetime.strptime, can be derived from these if truly needed.

from datetime import date, time, timedelta

rd = RelativeDate.fromdate(date(2016, 7, 24), offset=timedelta(days=7))
rd.as_date()  # date(2016, 7, 31), always

Finally, any functionality not implemented directly in the relative instance is proxied to the underlying date or datetime instance.


A range of dates is another tool I find myself needing from time to time, however eager creation can sometimes be very expensive for a large range.

Instead, DateRange is modeled after the Python 3 range type, which has fast path lookup for membership, lazy iteration, indexing and slicing (slices return new DateRange objects)

from datestuff import DateRange
from datetime import date, timedelta

dr = DateRange(start=date(2016, 1, 1), stop=date(2016, 12, 31), step=timedelta(days=7))

date(2016, 1, 8) in dr  # true

len(dr)  # 53, yes this is correct

list(dr)  # [date(2016, 1, 1), date(2016, 1, 8), ...]

dr[1] == date(2016, 1, 8)   # True
dr[1:-1:2] == DateRange(date(2016, 1, 8), date(2016, 12, 30), step=timedelta(days=14))  # True

DateRange also allows creating an open ended range by simply omitting the stop argument. In this case, the only functionality that will not work is using len and negative indexing/slicing (as there is no end)

Currently, DateRange does not support relativedelta as under the hood it uses timedelta.total_seconds for Python 2 and 3 compatiblity. This could be resolved in the future, but is unlikely. DateRange is, however, compatible with date and datetime like objects and other timedelta like objects. Interestingly, this would apply to RelativeDate and RelativeDateTime as well.


Currently, the only util is within_delta which is useful for comparing two date or datetime (or like) instances within a certain delta.

from datetime import datetime, timedelta
from datestuff import within_delta

d1 =
d2 =

d1 == d2  # false

within_delta(d1, d2, timedelta(seconds=1))  # true

If simple boundary checking is needed, this tool is much more light weight than either DateRange or RelativeDate. Sadly, this is another tool that cannot interoperate with relativedelta as it and timedelta are unorderable (at least in Python 3).

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