Skip to main content

Utilities for creating mutliple Debian packages.

Project description


Collection of two utilities for dealing with Debian packages:

* `deb-dep-tree` computes all dependencies of a package and download them,
* `multideb` generate several Debian packages at once from Python packages.

Documentation is available [here](


The simplest way is to use pip, like all Python packages.

pip install debtools


Download packages and show the dependencies of a given package:

$ deb-dep-tree libgcc1_4.7.2-5_amd64.deb

* multiarch-support
* gcc-4.7-base (= 4.7.2-5)
* libc6 (>= 2.2.5)

Ok, nothing new from the standard `dpkg -I libgcc1_4.7.2-5_amd64.deb` command, but you can provide either a package name or a .deb filename:

$ deb-dep-tree libgcc1
Réception de : 1 Téléchargement de libgcc1 1:4.7.2-5 [43,1 kB]
43,1 ko réceptionnés en 0s (45,2 ko/s)

* multiarch-support
* gcc-4.7-base (= 4.7.2-5)
* libc6 (>= 2.2.5)

The package will be downloaded in the current directory. You can recursively retrieve all dependencies.

$ deb-dep-tree libgcc1 -r

* multiarch-support
* gcc-4.7-base (= 4.7.2-5)
* libc6 (>= 2.2.5)


* libc6 (>= 2.3.6-2)




* libc-bin (= 2.13-38+deb7u8)
* libgcc1

$ ls
gcc-4.7-base_4.7.2-5_amd64.deb libc6_2.13-38+deb7u8_amd64.deb libc-bin_2.13-38+deb7u8_amd64.deb libgcc1_4.7.2-5_amd64.deb multiarch-support_2.13-38+deb7u8_amd64.deb

Sometimes, there is a choice between several possibilities for a given dependency. These dependencies are ignored (since we cannot select one).
However, you can use the `-l` flag to select choices which are currently installed on the system.

$ dpkg -I libssl1.0.0_1.0.1e-2+deb7u17_amd64.deb | grep Depends
Pre-Depends: multiarch-support
Depends: libc6 (>= 2.7), zlib1g (>= 1:1.1.4), debconf (>= 0.5) | debconf-2.0

$ dpkg -l | grep debconf
ii debconf 1.5.49 all Debian configuration management system
ii debconf-i18n 1.5.49 all full internationalization support for debconf
ii po-debconf 1.0.16+nmu2 all tool for managing templates file translations with gettext

$ deb-dep-tree libssl1.0.0

* multiarch-support
* zlib1g (>= 1:1.1.4)
* libc6 (>= 2.7)

$ deb-dep-tree libssl1.0.0 -l

* debconf
* multiarch-support
* zlib1g (>= 1:1.1.4)
* libc6 (>= 2.7)

You can also ignore some dependencies, by providing a file with a list of dependencies to ignore. Its format is the same as the output of the `dpkg -l` command.

$ dpkg -l | grep libc > /tmp/toignore
$ deb-dep-tree libgcc1 -r -i /tmp/toignore

* multiarch-support
* gcc-4.7-base (= 4.7.2-5)
* libc6 (>= 2.2.5)


* libc6 (>= 2.3.6-2)



Create several Debian packages at once.
Fetch the list of installed Python packages in the current virtualenv and package them as .deb packages using the standard `stdeb` tool.
You can also:

* define the packages to create in a configuration file,
* specify options for any of these packages,
* run Python commands after archive expansion and between the creation of Debian source and the creation of the Debian package.

To create Debian packages for all currently installed Python packages, use the following command:

multideb --freeze

All options must be defined in a `stdeb.cfg` configuration file.
In the [multideb-packages] section of `stdeb.cfg`, you can define extra packages to create: option name is the name of the package, option value is the required version.
In the [multideb] section of `stdeb.cfg`, you can exclude some packages from .deb creation:

exclude = celery

You can define specific options for a given package. In addition of standard `stdeb` options, you can also define `pre_source` and `post_source` options.
Values must be an importable Python function, which will be called with the following arguments `my_callable(package_name, package_version, deb_src_dir)`.

Here is the list of actions:

* download .tar.gz of the source code,
* expand this file,
* run the `pre_source` function (if defined),
* run `python sdist_dsc`,
* run the `post_source` function (if defined),
* create the package with `dpkg-buildpackage`.



Here is a sample `stdeb.cfg` file:

django = 1.8.3

exclude = funcsigs

pre_source = multideb.remove_tests_dir

post_source = multideb.fix_celery

; list of standard stdeb options
Source = debian/control Source: (Default: <source-debianized-setup-name>)
Package = debian/control Package: (Default: python-<debianized-setup-name>)
Suite = suite (e.g. stable, lucid) in changelog (Default: unstable)
Maintainer = debian/control Maintainer: (Default: <setup-maintainer-or-author>)
Section = debian/control Section: (Default: python)
Epoc = version epoch
Depends = debian/control Depends:
Depends3 = debian/control Depends: for python3
Suggests = debian/control Suggests:
Suggests3 = debian/control Suggests: for python3
Recommends = debian/control Recommends:
Recommends3 = debian/control Recommends: for python3
Conflicts = debian/control Conflicts:
Uploaders = uploaders
Conflicts3 = debian/control Conflicts: for python3
Provides = debian/control Provides:
Provides3 = debian/control Provides: for python3
Replaces = debian/control Replaces:
Replaces3 = debian/control Replaces: for python3
Copyright-File = copyright file
Build-Conflicts = debian/control Build-Conflicts:
MIME-File = MIME file
Udev-Rules = file with rules to install to udev
Debian-Version = debian version (Default: 1)
Build-Depends = debian/control Build-Depends:
Forced-Upstream-Version = forced upstream version
Upstream-Version-Suffix = upstream version suffix
Stdeb-Patch-File = file containing patches for stdeb to apply
XS-Python-Version = debian/control XS-Python-Version:
Dpkg-Shlibdeps-Params = parameters passed to dpkg-shlibdeps
Stdeb-Patch-Level = patch level provided to patch command
Upstream-Version-Prefix = upstream version prefix
X-Python3-Version = debian/control X-Python3-Version:
MIME-Desktop-Files = MIME desktop files
Shared-MIME-File = shared MIME file
Setup-Env-Vars = environment variables passed to

Project details

Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Filename, size & hash SHA256 hash help File type Python version Upload date
debtools-0.5.9.tar.gz (46.0 kB) Copy SHA256 hash SHA256 Source None

Supported by

Elastic Elastic Search Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Google Google BigQuery Sentry Sentry Error logging AWS AWS Cloud computing DataDog DataDog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN SignalFx SignalFx Supporter DigiCert DigiCert EV certificate StatusPage StatusPage Status page