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devpi-pr: a pull request workflow plugin for devpi-server and devpi-client

Project description

devpi-pr: pull request plugin for devpi

This plugin adds a pull request workflow to devpi-server and supporting commands to devpi-client.

Installation

devpi-pr needs to be installed alongside devpi-server to enable pull request functionality.

On client machines the creation and submission of pull requests is possible without the plugin, but more convenient with it installed. All other functionality requires the devpi-pr plugin to be installed alongside devpi-client.

You can install it with:

pip install devpi-pr

There is no configuration needed as devpi-server and devpi-client will automatically discover the plugin through calling hooks using the setuptools entry points mechanism.

Motivation

Many Python projects have complex dependencies and are often split into separate packages.

For such projects it would be advantageous to handle a set of packages as a single unit.

In organizations an authenticated flow of package releases is often required.

This plugin introduces the concept of a pull request to help with all that.

The result of a successful pull request is a single atomic update of packages in the target index.

Usage

The devpi-pr plugin adds new commands when installed alongside devpi-client.

new-pr
Create a new pull request.
submit-pr
Submit an existing pull request for review.
list-prs
List pull requests.
review-pr
Start reviewing a submitted pull request.
abort-pr-review
Abort review of pull request.
approve-pr
Approve reviewed pull request.
reject-pr
Reject pull request.
cancel-pr
Cancel submitted state of pull request by submitter.
delete-pr
Completely remove a pull request including any uploaded packages.

In devpi-server a pull request is represented by a special pr index. It behaves mostly like a regular index with some additional restrictions and behaviors.

All commands which change the state of a pull request ask for a message and accept the -m option to provide it directly. When the EDITOR environment variable is set it is used to open an editor to provide a message, otherwise a simple prompt is used.

Creating a pull request

Lets say a new feature is created which requires changes in multiple packages. We are currently working on a development index user/dev where we have two changed packages pkg-app 1.0 and app-dependency 1.2. The target index where the packages should end up for production is named prod/main.

The pull_requests_allowed option of the target index must be True:

$ devpi index prod/main
http://example.com/prod/main:
  type=stage
  bases=root/pypi
  volatile=True
  acl_upload=root
  acl_toxresult_upload=:ANONYMOUS:
  mirror_whitelist=
  pull_requests_allowed=True

We first create a new pull request for the target:

$ devpi new-pr new-feature prod/main

This creates a new pr index named user/new-feature.

Next we push the existing packages from our development index into the pr index.

$ devpi push pkg-app==1.0 user/new-feature
$ devpi push app-dependency==1.2 user/new-feature

As the pr index is mostly like a regular index, it is also possible to upload new packages directly to the pr index with devpi upload or standard tools like twine.

For convenience it is also possible to list multiple packages upon first creation to let them automatically be copied:

$ devpi new-pr new-feature prod/main pkg-app==1.0 app-dependency==1.2

If only the package name is given, then the latest version is used.

Afterwards the pull request can be submitted for review:

$ devpi submit-pr new-feature

This will ask for a message.

The state of the pr index is now set to pending.

Reviewing a pull request

Any user with write access to the target index (see acl_upload option of indexes in devpi-server) can now review the pull request.

To see current pull requests for an index use the list-prs command:

$ devpi list-prs prod/main
pending pull requests
    user/new-feature -> prod/main at serial 123

A review is started with the review-pr command:

$ devpi review-pr new-feature

At this point the pr index can be used to install the new packages with pip etc just as a regular index.

Once the review is complete it can be accepted:

$ devpi accept-pr new-feature

This again requires a message like for the submit-pr command.

When the pull request is accepted the latest contained version of all packages is copied to the target index in one atomic step. Afterwards the pr index is automatically deleted.

If there have been any changes on the index after the review-pr command, then the accept-pr command will fail. To continue another call of review-pr with the -u option is required:

$ devpi review-pr -u new-feature

This prevents unexpected changes to be accepted. After reviewing the changes the pull request can be accepted again.

In case the pull request needs further work, it can be rejected with the reject-pr command and a message:

$ devpi reject-pr new-feature -m "See comments in ticket #42 about a bug I found."

Manual creation of pr index

It’s also possible to create a pull request manually. This works without devpi-pr installed alongside devpi-client, but is more complex.

First a new pr index needs to be created. The index must be of type pr, the target index specified in bases and states and messages be set:

$ devpi index -c new-feature type=pr bases=prod/main states=new messages="New pull request"

Once the index is created, packages can be uploaded to it with devpi upload or pushed from another index with devpi push.

At last the state of the index needs to be updated to pending and a state change message be added:

$ devpi index new-feature states+=pending messages+="Please approve these updated packages"

Changelog

1.0.0 - 2019-10-31

  • Initial release. [fschulze (Florian Schulze)]

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