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TensorFlow 2 implementation of Deep Graph Convolutional Neural Networks.

Project description

DGCNN [TensorFlow]

TensorFlow 2 implementation of An end-to-end deep learning architecture for graph classification based on work by M. Zhang et al., 2018.

Moreover, we offer an attention based modification of the above by utilising graph attention (Veličković et al., 2017) to learn edge weights.


Simply run pip install dgcnn. The only dependency is tensorflow>=2.0.0.


The core data structure is the graph signal. If we have N nodes in a graph each having C observed features then the graph signal is the tensor with shape (batch, N, C) corresponding to the data produced by all nodes. Often we have sequences of graph signals in a time series. We will call them temporal graph signals and assume a shape of (batch, time steps, N, C). For each graph signal we also need to have the corresponding adjacency matrices of shape (batch, N, N) or (batch, timesteps, N, N) for temporal and non-temporal data, respectively. While DGCNNs can operate on graphs with different node-counts, C should always be the same and each batch should only contain graphs with the same number of nodes.

The DeepGraphConvolution Layer

This adaptable layer contains the whole DGCNN architecture and operates on both temporal and non-temporal data. It takes the graph signals and their corresponding adjacency matrices and performs the following steps (as described in the paper):

We initialize the layer by providing . The layer has many optional parameters that are described in the table below.

  1. It iteratively applies GraphConvolution layers h times with variable hidden feature dimensions .

  2. After that, it concatenates all the outputs of the graph convolutions into one tensor which has the shape (..., N, ).

  3. Finally it applies SortPooling as described in the paper to obtain the output tensor of shape (..., k, ).

Import this layer with from gdcnn.components import DeepGraphConvolution.

Initiated it with the following parameters:

Parameter Function
hidden_conv_units (required) List of the hidden feature dimensions used in the graph convolutions. in the paper.
k (required) Number of nodes to be kept after SortPooling.
flatten_signals (default: False) If True, flattens the last 2 dimensions of the output tensor into 1
attention_heads (default: None) If given, then instead of using as the transition matrix inside the graph convolutions, we will use an attention based transition matrix. Utilizing dgcnn.attention.AttentionMechanism as the internal attention mechanism. This sets the number of attention heads used.
attention_units (default: None) Also needs to be provided if attention_heads is set. This is the size of the internal embedding used by the attention mechanism.
use_sortpooling (default: True) Whether or not to apply sortpooling at the end of the procedure. If False, we will simply return the concatinated graph convolution outputs.

Thus, if we have non-temporal graph signals with 10 nodes and 5 features each and we would like to apply a DGCNN containing 3 graph convolutions with hidden feature dimensions of 10, 5 and 2 and SortPooling that keeps the 5 most relevant nodes. Then we would run

from dgcnn.components import DeepGraphConvolution
from tensorflow.keras.layers import Input
from tensorflow.keras import Model

# generating random graph signals as test data
graph_signal = np.random.normal(size=(100, 10, 5)

# corresponding fully connected adjacency matrices
adjacency = np.ones((100, 10, 10))

# inputs to the DGCNN
X = Input(shape=(10, 5), name="graph_signal")
E = Input(shape=(10, 10), name="adjacency")

# Note that we pass the signals and adjacencies as a tuple.
# The graph signal always goes first!
output = DeepGraphConvolution([10, 5, 2], k=5 )((X, E))

# defining model
model = Model(inputs=[X, E], outputs=output)

Further layers and features

The documentation contains information on how to use the internal SortPooling, GraphConvolution and AttentionMechanism layers and also describes more optional parameters like regularisers, initialisers and constrains that can be used.


Bug reports, fixes and additional features are always welcome! Make sure to run the tests with python test and write your own for new features. Thanks.

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