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Vae disentanglement framework built with pytorch lightning.

Project description

🧶 Disent

A modular disentangled representation learning framework built with PyTorch Lightning

license python versions pypi version tests status

Visit the docs for more info, or browse the releases.

Contributions are welcome!

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NOTE: My MSc. research has moved here
Some of the contributions have been incorporated directly into disent
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Table Of Contents


Overview

Disent is a modular disentangled representation learning framework for auto-encoders, built upon PyTorch-Lightning. This framework consists of various composable components that can be used to build and benchmark various disentanglement vision tasks.

The name of the framework is derived from both disentanglement and scientific dissent.

Get started with disent by installing it with $pip install disent or cloning this repository.

Goals

Disent aims to fill the following criteria:

  1. Provide high quality, readable, consistent and easily comparable implementations of frameworks
  2. Highlight difference between framework implementations by overriding hooks and minimising duplicate code
  3. Use best practice eg. torch.distributions
  4. Be extremely flexible & configurable
  5. Support low memory systems

Citing Disent

Please use the following citation if you use Disent in your own research:

@Misc{Michlo2021Disent,
  author =       {Nathan Juraj Michlo},
  title =        {Disent - A modular disentangled representation learning framework for pytorch},
  howpublished = {Github},
  year =         {2021},
  url =          {https://github.com/nmichlo/disent}
}

Features

Disent includes implementations of modules, metrics and datasets from various papers.

Note that "🧵" means that the dataset, framework or metric was introduced by disent!

Datasets

Various common datasets used in disentanglement research are included with disent. The dataset loaders provide various features including:

  • automatic downloads & preperation prepare=True
  • automatic hash verification
  • automatic optimization of underlying hdf5 formats for low-memory disk-based access.

Data input and target dataset augmentations and transforms are supported, as well as augmentations on the GPU or CPU at different points in the pipeline.

  • Ground Truth:

    • 🧵 <u>dSpritesImagenet</u>: Version of DSprite with foreground or background deterministically masked out with tiny-imagenet data.

      dSpritesImagenet Dataset Factor Traversals

  • Ground Truth Synthetic:

    • 🧵 <u>XYSquares</u>: Three non-overlapping squares that can move around a grid. This dataset is adversarial to VAEs that use pixel-wise reconstruction losses.

      XYSquares Dataset Factor Traversals

    • 🧵 <u>XYObject</u>: A simplistic version of dSprites with a single square.

      XYObject Dataset Factor Traversals

    • 🧵 <u>XYObjectShaded</u>: Exact same dataset as XYObject, but ground truth factors have a different representation.

      XYObjectShaded Dataset Factor Traversals

Frameworks

Disent provides the following Auto-Encoders and Variational Auto-Encoders!

  • Unsupervised:
    • <u>AE</u>: Auto-Encoder
    • VAE: Variational Auto-Encoder
    • Beta-VAE: VAE with Scaled Loss
    • DFC-VAE: Deep Feature Consistent VAE
    • DIP-VAE: Disentangled Inferred Prior VAE
    • InfoVAE: Information Maximizing VAE
    • BetaTCVAE: Total Correlation VAE
  • Weakly Supervised:
    • Ada-GVAE: Adaptive GVAE, AdaVae.cfg(average_mode='gvae'), usually better than below!
    • Ada-ML-VAE: Adaptive ML-VAE, AdaVae.cfg(average_mode='ml-vae')
  • Supervised:
    • <u>TAE</u>: Triplet Auto-Encoder
    • TVAE: Triplet Variational Auto-Encoder

Introduced in Disent

  • Unsupervised:
    • 🧵 <u>Ada-TVAE-D</u>: Adaptive Triplet VAE that uses data distances instead of ground-truth distances as the supervision signal.
    • 🧵 <u>Ada-TAE-D</u>: Adaptive Triplet AE that uses data distances instead of ground-truth distances as the supervision signal.
  • Weakly Supervised:
    • 🧵 <u>Ada-AE</u>: Adaptive AE, the auto-encoder version of the Ada-GVAE
  • Supervised:
    • 🧵 <u>Ada-TVAE</u>: Adaptive Triplet VAE, disentangled version of the TVAE
    • 🧵 <u>Ada-TAE</u>: Adaptive Triplet AE, disentangled version of the TAE
🏗 Todo: Many popular disentanglement frameworks still need to be added, please submit an issue if you have a request for an additional framework.

  • FactorVAE
  • GroupVAE
  • MLVAE

Metrics

Various metrics are provided by disent that can be used to evaluate the learnt representations of models that have been trained on ground-truth data.

  • Disentanglement:
    • FactorVAE Score
    • DCI
    • MIG
    • SAP
    • Unsupervised Scores
    • 🧵 <u>Flatness Components</u>: Measures of the three components needed to learn factored representations from distances. VAEs often learn the first two (correlation & linearity), and the can happen accidentally (axis-alignment)!
      • 🪡 <u>Ground-Truth Correlation</u> - The spearman rank correlation between latent distances and ground-truth distances.
      • 🪡 <u>Linearity Ratio</u> - How well factor traversals lie along an n-dimensional arbitrarily rotated line in the latent space
      • 🪡 <u>Axis-Alignment Ratio</u> - How well factor traversals are represented by a single latent variable, ie. an n-dimensional line that is axis-aligned.
    • 🧵 <u>Flatness Score</u> - Measuring the max distance between factor traversal embeddings and the path length of their embeddings.
🏗 Todo: Some popular metrics still need to be added, please submit an issue if you wish to add your own, or you have a request.

Schedules & Annealing

Hyper-parameter annealing is supported through the use of schedules. The currently implemented schedules include:

  • Linear Schedule
  • Cyclic Schedule
  • Cosine Wave Schedule
  • Various other wrapper schedules

Architecture

The disent module structure:

  • disent.dataset: dataset wrappers, datasets & sampling strategies
    • disent.dataset.data: raw datasets
    • disent.dataset.sampling: sampling strategies for DisentDataset when multiple elements are required by frameworks, eg. for triplet loss
    • disent.dataset.transform: common data transforms and augmentations
    • disent.dataset.wrapper: wrapped datasets are no longer ground-truth datasets, these may have some elements masked out. We can still unwrap these classes to obtain the original datasets for benchmarking.
  • disent.frameworks: frameworks, including Auto-Encoders and VAEs
    • disent.frameworks.ae: Auto-Encoder based frameworks
    • disent.frameworks.vae: Variational Auto-Encoder based frameworks
  • disent.metrics: metrics for evaluating disentanglement using ground truth datasets
  • disent.model: common encoder and decoder models used for VAE research
  • disent.nn: torch components for building models including layers, transforms, losses and general maths
  • disent.schedule: annealing schedules that can be registered to a framework
  • disent.util: helper classes, functions, callbacks, anything unrelated to a pytorch system/model/framework.

⚠️ The API Is Mostly Stable ⚠️

Disent is still under development. Features and APIs are subject to change! However, I will try and minimise the impact of these.

A small suite of tests currently exist which will be expanded upon in time.

Hydra Experiment Directories

Easily run experiments with hydra config, these files are not available from pip install.

  • experiment/run.py: entrypoint for running basic experiments with hydra config
  • experiment/config/config.yaml: main configuration file, this is probably what you want to edit!
  • experiment/config: root folder for hydra config files
  • experiment/util: various helper code for experiments

Extending The Default Configs

All configs in experiment/config can easily be extended or overridden without modifying any files. We can add a new config folder to the hydra search path by setting the environment variable DISENT_CONFIGS_PREPEND to point to a config folder that should take priority over those contained in the default folder.

The advantage of this is that new frameworks and datasets can be used with experiments without cloning or modifying disent itself. You can separate your research code from the library!

  • See the examples in the docs for more information!

Examples

Python Example

The following is a basic working example of disent that trains a BetaVAE with a cyclic beta schedule and evaluates the trained model with various metrics.

💾 Basic Example

import pytorch_lightning as pl
import torch
from torch.utils.data import DataLoader

from disent.dataset import DisentDataset
from disent.dataset.data import XYObjectData
from disent.dataset.sampling import SingleSampler
from disent.dataset.transform import ToImgTensorF32
from disent.frameworks.vae import BetaVae
from disent.metrics import metric_dci
from disent.metrics import metric_mig
from disent.model import AutoEncoder
from disent.model.ae import DecoderConv64
from disent.model.ae import EncoderConv64
from disent.schedule import CyclicSchedule

# create the dataset & dataloaders
# - ToImgTensorF32 transforms images from numpy arrays to tensors and performs checks
# - if you use `num_workers != 0` in the DataLoader, the make sure to
#   wrap `trainer.fit` with `if __name__ == '__main__': ...`
data = XYObjectData()
dataset = DisentDataset(dataset=data, sampler=SingleSampler(), transform=ToImgTensorF32())
dataloader = DataLoader(dataset=dataset, batch_size=128, shuffle=True, num_workers=0)

# create the BetaVAE model
# - adjusting the beta, learning rate, and representation size.
module = BetaVae(
    model=AutoEncoder(
        # z_multiplier is needed to output mu & logvar when parameterising normal distribution
        encoder=EncoderConv64(x_shape=data.x_shape, z_size=10, z_multiplier=2),
        decoder=DecoderConv64(x_shape=data.x_shape, z_size=10),
    ),
    cfg=BetaVae.cfg(
        optimizer='adam',
        optimizer_kwargs=dict(lr=1e-3),
        loss_reduction='mean_sum',
        beta=4,
    )
)

# cyclic schedule for target 'beta' in the config/cfg. The initial value from the
# config is saved and multiplied by the ratio from the schedule on each step.
# - based on: https://arxiv.org/abs/1903.10145
module.register_schedule(
    'beta', CyclicSchedule(
        period=1024,  # repeat every: trainer.global_step % period
    )
)

# train model
# - for 2048 batches/steps
trainer = pl.Trainer(
    max_steps=2048, gpus=1 if torch.cuda.is_available() else None, logger=False, checkpoint_callback=False
)
trainer.fit(module, dataloader)

# compute disentanglement metrics
# - we cannot guarantee which device the representation is on
# - this will take a while to run
get_repr = lambda x: module.encode(x.to(module.device))

metrics = {
    **metric_dci(dataset, get_repr, num_train=1000, num_test=500, show_progress=True),
    **metric_mig(dataset, get_repr, num_train=2000),
}

# evaluate
print('metrics:', metrics)

Visit the docs for more examples!

Hydra Config Example

The entrypoint for basic experiments is experiment/run.py.

Some configuration will be required, but basic experiments can be adjusted by modifying the Hydra Config 1.1 files in experiment/config.

Modifying the main experiment/config/config.yaml is all you need for most basic experiments. The main config file contains a defaults list with entries corresponding to yaml configuration files (config options) in the subfolders (config groups) in experiment/config/<config_group>/<option>.yaml.

💾 Config Defaults Example

defaults:
  # data
  - sampling: default__bb
  - dataset: xyobject
  - augment: none
  # system
  - framework: adavae_os
  - model: vae_conv64
  # training
  - optimizer: adam
  - schedule: beta_cyclic
  - metrics: fast
  - run_length: short
  # logs
  - run_callbacks: vis
  - run_logging: wandb
  # runtime
  - run_location: local
  - run_launcher: local
  - run_action: train

# <rest of config.yaml left out>
...

Easily modify any of these values to adjust how the basic experiment will be run. For example, change framework: adavae to framework: betavae, or change the dataset from xyobject to shapes3d. Add new options by adding new yaml files in the config group folders.

Weights and Biases is supported by changing run_logging: none to run_logging: wandb. However, you will need to login from the command line. W&B logging supports visualisations of latent traversals.


Why?

  • Created as part of my Computer Science MSc which ended early 2022.
  • I needed custom high quality implementations of various VAE's.
  • A pytorch version of disentanglement_lib.
  • I didn't have time to wait for Weakly-Supervised Disentanglement Without Compromises to release their code as part of disentanglement_lib. (As of September 2020 it has been released, but has unresolved discrepencies).
  • disentanglement_lib still uses outdated Tensorflow 1.0, and the flow of data is unintuitive because of its use of Gin Config.

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