Async distributed process pool using asyncio
Distex offers a distributed process pool to utilize multiple CPUs or machines. It uses asyncio to efficiently manage the worker processes.
- Scales from 1 to 1000’s of processors;
- Can handle in the order of 50.000 small tasks per second;
- Easy to use with SSH (secure shell) hosts;
- Full async support;
- Maps over unbounded iterables;
- Compatible with concurrent.futures.ProcessPool (or PEP3148).
pip3 install -U distex
When using remote hosts then distex must be installed on those too. Make sure that the distex_proc script can be found in the path.
For SSH hosts: Authentication should be done with SSH keys since there is no support for passwords. The remote installation can be tested with:
ssh <host> distex_proc
- Python version 3.6 or higher;
- On Unix the uvloop package is recommended: pip3 install uvloop
- SSH client and server (optional).
A process pool can have local and remote workers. Here is a pool that uses 4 local workers:
from distex import Pool def f(x): return x*x pool = Pool(4) for y in pool.map(f, range(100)): print(y)
To create a pool that also uses 8 workers on host maxi, using ssh:
pool = Pool(4, 'ssh://maxi/8')
To use a pool in combination with eventkit:
from distex import Pool import eventkit as ev import bz2 pool = Pool() # await pool # un-comment in Jupyter data = [b'A' * 1000000] * 1000 pipe = ev.Sequence(data).poolmap(pool, bz2.compress).map(len).mean().last() print(pipe.run()) # in Jupyter: print(await pipe) pool.shutdown()
There is full support for every asynchronous construct imaginable:
import asyncio from distex import Pool def init(): # pool initializer: set the start time for every worker import time import builtins builtins.t0 = time.time() async def timer(i=0): # async code running in the pool import time import asyncio await asyncio.sleep(1) return time.time() - t0 async def ait(): # async iterator running on the user side for i in range(20): await asyncio.sleep(0.1) yield i async def main(): async with Pool(4, initializer=init, qsize=1) as pool: async for t in pool.map_async(timer, ait()): print(t) print(await pool.run_on_all_async(timer)) loop = asyncio.get_event_loop() loop.run_until_complete(main())
High level architecture
Distex does not use remote ‘task servers’. Instead it is done the other way around: A local server is started first; Then the local and remote workers are started and each of them will connect on its own back to the server. When all workers have connected then the pool is ready for duty.
Each worker consists of a single-threaded process that is running an asyncio event loop. This loop is used both for communication and for running asynchronous tasks. Synchronous tasks are run in a blocking fashion.
When using ssh, a remote (or ‘reverse’) tunnel is created from a remote Unix socket to the local Unix socket that the local server is listening on. Multiple workers on a remote machine will use the same Unix socket and share the same ssh tunnel.
The plain ssh executable is used instead of much nicer solutions such as AsyncSSH. This is to keep the CPU usage of encrypting/decrypting outside of the event loop and offload it to the ssh process(es).
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