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Generic drag-and-drop ordering for objects in the Django admin interface

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Generic drag-and-drop ordering for objects in the Django admin interface

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This is another generic drag-and-drop ordering module for sorting
objects in the list view of the Django admin interface. It is a rewrite
`django-admin-sortable <>`__
using an unintrusive approach.

This plugin offers simple mixin classes which augment the functionality
of *any* existing class derived from ``admin.ModelAdmin``,
``admin.StackedInline`` or ``admin.TabluarInline``. It thus makes it
very easy to integrate with existing models and their model admin

These admin mixin classes slightly modify the admin views of a sortable
model. There is no need to derive your model class from a special base
model class. You can use your existing ordered field, just as you always
did, or add a new one with any name you like, if needed.

Build status

|Build Status|


The latest stable release from PyPI:

``pip install django-admin-sortable2``

or the current development release from github:

``pip install -e git+``

In ```` add:

.. code:: python


Integrate your models

Each database model which shall be sortable requires a position value in
its model description. Rather than defining a base class, which contains
such a positional value in a hard coded field, this plugin lets you
reuse existing sort fields or define a new field for the sort value.
Therefore this plugin can be applied in situations where your model is
derived from an existing abstract model which already contains any kind
of position value. The only requirement for this plugin is that this
position value be specified as the primary field used for sorting. This
in Django is declared through the model's Meta class. Example

.. code:: python

class SortableBook(models.Model):
title = models.CharField('Title', null=True, blank=True, max_length=255)
my_order = models.PositiveIntegerField(default=0, blank=False, null=False)

class Meta(object):
ordering = ('my_order',)

Here the ordering field is named ``my_order``, but any other name is
valid. There are only two requirements:

1) ``my_order`` is the first field in the ``ordering`` tuple of the
model's Meta class.
2) ``my_order``'s default value must be 0. The javascript which performs
the sorting is 1-indexed, so this will not interfere with the order
of your items, even if you're already using 0-indexed ordering

The field used to store the ordering position may be any kind of numeric
model field offered by Django. Use one of these models fields: \*
``models.BigIntegerField`` \* ``models.IntegerField`` \*
``models.PositiveIntegerField`` (recommended) \*
``models.PositiveSmallIntegerField`` (recommended for small sets) \*

These model fields also work, but are not recommended: \*
``models.DecimalField`` \* ``models.FloatField``

**Warning:** Do not make this field unique!

Make a list view sortable

Next to the action checkbox, a draggable area is added to each entry
line. The user than may click on any item and vertically drag that item
to a new position.

.. figure:: docs/list-view.png
:alt: Sortable List View

Sortable List View
If one or more items shall be moved to another page, this can easily
been done by selecting them though the action checkbox. Then the user
shall click on a predefined action from the pull down menu on the top of
the list view.

Integrate into a list view

In ````, add a mixin class to augment the functionality for
sorting (be sure to put the mixin class before model.ModelAdmin):

.. code:: python

from django.contrib import admin
from adminsortable.admin import SortableAdminMixin
from models import MyModel

class MyModelAdmin(SortableAdminMixin, admin.ModelAdmin):
pass, MyModelAdmin)

That's it! The list view of the model admin interface now adds a column
with a sensitive area. By clicking on that area, the user can move that
row up or down. If he wants to move it to another page, he can do that
as a bulk operation, using the admin actions.

Make a stacked or tabular inline view sortable

The interface for a sortable stacked inline view looks exactly the same.
If you click on an stacked inline's field title, this whole inline form
can be moved up and down.

The interface for a sortable tabular inline view adds a sensitive area
to each draggable row. These rows then can be moved up and down.

.. figure:: docs/tabular-inline.png
:alt: Sortable Tabular Inlines

Sortable Tabular Inlines
After moving a tabular or stacked inline, save the model form to persist
its sorting order.

Integrate into a detail view

.. code:: python

from django.contrib import admin
from adminsortable.admin import SortableInlineAdminMixin
from models import MySubModel, MyModel

class MySubModelInline(SortableInlineAdminMixin, admin.TabularInline): # or admin.StackedInline
model = MySubModel

class MyModelAdmin(admin.ModelAdmin):
inlines = (MySubModelInline,), MyModelAdmin)

Initial data

In case you just changed your model to contain an additional sorting
field (e.g. ``my_order``), which does not yet contain any values, then
you may set initial ordering values by pasting this code snippet into
the Django shell:

.. code:: python

shell> ./ shell
Python ...
from myapp.models import *
order = 0
for obj in MySortableModel.objects.all():
order += 1
obj.my_order = order

or using South migrations:

.. code:: python

shell> ./ datamigration myapp set_order

this creates an empty migration named something like
``migrations/``. Edit the file and change it into a
data migration:

.. code:: python

class Migration(DataMigration):
def forwards(self, orm):
order = 0
for obj in orm.MyModel.objects.all():
order += 1
obj.my_order = order

then apply the changes to the database using:


shell> ./ migrate myapp

Run Example Code

To get a quick first impression of this plugin, clone this repositoty
from GitHub and run an example webserver:


git clone
cd django-admin-sortable2/example/
./ syncdb
# add an admin user
./ loaddata testapp/fixtures/data.json
./ runserver

Point a browser onto http://localhost:8000/admin/, log in and go to
*Sortable books*. There you can test the behaviour.

Note on unique indices on the position field

From a design consideration, one might be tempted to add a unique index
on the ordering field. But in practice this has serious drawbacks:

MySQL has a feature (or bug?) which requires to use the ``ORDER BY``
clause in bulk updates on unique fields.

SQLite has the same bug which is even worse, because it does neither
update all the fields in one transaction, nor does it allow to use the
``ORDER BY`` clause in bulk updates.

Only PostgreSQL does it "right" in the sense, that it updates all fields
in one transaction and afterwards rebuilds the unique index. Here one
can not use the ``ORDER BY`` clause during updates, which is senseless

See for details.

Therefore I strongly advise against setting ``unique=True`` on the
position field, unless you want unportable code, which only works with
Postgres databases.

Why another plugin?

All available plugins which add functionality to make list views for the
Django admin interface sortable, offer a base class to be used instead
of ``models.Model``. This abstract base class then contains a hard coded
position field, additional methods, and meta directives. The problem
with such an approach is twofold. First, an IS-A relationship is abused
to augment the functionality of a class. This is bad OOP practice. A
base class shall only be used to reflect a real IS-A relation which
specializes this class. For instance: A mammal **is an** animal, a
primate **is a** mammal, homo sapiens **is a** primate, etc. Here the
inheritance model is appropriate, but it would be wrong to derive from
homo sapiens to reflect a human which is able to hunt using bows and

So, a sortable model **is not an** unsortable model. Making a model
sortable augments its functionality. In OOP design this does not qualify
for an IS-A relationship.

Fortunately, Python makes it very easy to distinguish between real IS-A
relationships and augmenting functionalities. The latter are handled by
mixin classes. They offer additional functionality for a class without
deriving from the base class.

Also consider the case when someone wants to augment some other
functionality of a model class. If he also derives from
``models.Model``, he would create another abstract intermediate class.
Someone who wants to use **both** functional augmentations is now in
trouble. He has to choose between one of the two, as he cannot dervie
from them both, because his model class would inherit the base class
``models.Model`` twice. This kind of diamond-shaped inheritance is to be
avoided under all circumstances.

By using a mixin class rather than deriving from a special abstract base
class, these problems can be avoided!

Related projects


Release history

- 0.2.7 Fixed: MethodType takes only two attributes
- 0.2.6 Fixed: Unsortable inline models become draggable when there is
a sortable inline model
- 0.2.5
- Bulk actions are added only when they make sense.
- Fixed bug when clicking on table header for ordering field.
- 0.2.4 Fix CustomInlineFormSet to allow customization. Thanks
- 0.2.2 Distinction between different versions of jQuery in case
django-cms is installed side by side.
- 0.2.0 Added sortable stacked and tabular inlines.
- 0.1.2 Fixed: All field names other than "order" are now allowed.
- 0.1.1 Fixed compatibility issue when used together with django-cms.
- 0.1.0 first version published on PyPI.
- 0.0.1 first working release.


Copyright © 2014 Jacob Rief. Licensed under the MIT license.

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