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You must declare blocks in a dictionnary setting named CMS_PLUGIN_BLURP_RENDERERS, each block define a name, a renderer class and its configuration. The key of the dictionnary define the slug of each renderer instance, and the value associated to this slug must be a dictionnary containing at least a key called ‘name’ containing the human name of this instance.


A renderer is a class with the following interface:

class Renderer(object):
    def __init__(self, slug, config):

    def render(self, context):
        '''Return the context to render the template'''

    def render_template(self):
        '''Return a template path or a Template object'''

The render method must return a context which will be passed to its template, the render_template method must return template path or a Django Template object.

You can also define the following class method:

def check(cls, config)
    '''Validate the config dictionnary and yield an ASCII string for each error'''

You can raise ImproperlyConfigured when the configuration does not validate.

There is two abstract helper classes:
  • cmsplugin_blurp.renderers.base.BaseRenderer which provide abstract method for checking that render() and render_template() are properly overriden and a generic check() method which call the check_config() config method which must return an iterator yielding strings if errors are found
  • cmsplugin_blurp.renderers.template.TemplateRenderer an abstract subclass of the BaseRenderer which provide a generic implementation of render_template() which extract the template path from the configuration dictionnary using the key template_name and if it is not found return a template parsed from the value of the key template.

Common configuration keys

  • ajax if True this key indicate to the base plugin to render the plugin using an AJAX request. Requires jQuery to be loaded previously by the page using the plugin.

    You must add the cmsplugin_blurp.urls to your urls:

    url(r'^cmsplugin_blurp/', include('cmsplugin_blurp.urls')),
  • ajax_refresh if more than zero it indicates the time between refresh of the plugin content using the AJAX request otherwise the content is never refreshed after the first loading.

Static renderer

The simplest renderer is the static renderer you can configure one like this:

    'homepage_text': {
      'name': u'Homepage text',
      'class': 'cmsplugin_blurp.renderers.static.Renderer',
      'content': u'This is the text for the homepage',
      'template': 'homepage_text.html',

The template homepage_text.html could look like this:

{{ config.content }}

Data source renderer

It load one or more local (using a file://... URL) or remote file (using an http://... or https://... URL) and parses them using the following parsers:

  • a json parser using the json package,
  • an XML parser using the etree.ElementTree package,
  • a RSS parser using the feedparser package feedparser,
  • a CSV parser using the csv package.

The resulting data structure can be cached, in this case loading is asynchronous using a thread.

The config dictonnary can contain the following keys: - name, the human name of this renderer instance, - source, a list of dictionnary defining the remote files, the content of the dictionnary is described later, - template, the template in which to render the data sources, it will receive a variable named data_sources in its context containing property named after the slug field of each source.

A source definition is a dictionnary containing the following keys:
  • slug, the field name to hold this source parsed value in the template, for example with this configuration:

    … ‘slug’: ‘source1’, …

    you can access it with this template fragment:

    {{ data_sources.source1 }}

  • url, the URL of the file for this source, the scheme file://, http://, and https:// are supported,

  • auth_mech, whether an authentication mechanism is required by the http[s]:// URL, it can be hmac-sha1, hmac-sha256 or oauth2. The HMAC mechanism is specified later; the OAuth2 mechanisme is the classical OAuth2 HTTP bearer authentication mechanism but it prequires that you are using django-allauth and that an access token for the provider authentic2 can be retrieved for the current user,

  • signature_key, when using the HMAC authentication mechanism it holds the secret key used to sign the exchanges,

  • async, if True make refreshing the cache asynchronous (using a thread), beware that if the cache is currently empty a synchronous update will be done, lock are used to limit update thread to one by URL, but it you use a worker engine their could be multiple thread trying to update the same cache in different workers, value is optional and its default is False,

  • timeout, a timeout for making the HTTP request, it is optional and it default to 10 seconds,

  • refresh, how long to cache the parsed value of the source, it is optional and it defaults to 3600 seconds,

  • verify_certificate, when the scheme of URL is https, it indicates whether to check the SSL certificate against configured certifate auhtorities, it is optional and defaults to True,

  • allow_redirects, whether to follow HTTP redirects when getting the data source file, it is optional and defaults to False,

  • parser_type, how to parse the loaded file, it can be json, xml, rss, ‘csv’ or ‘raw’ if you do not want any parsing to be done, it is optional and defaults to ‘raw’,

  • content_type, when doing an HTTP request it configures the content of the Accept header, it is optional and automatically set using the parser_type value.

  • limit, when parsing an RSS file it limits the returned to first limit entries sorted by date, it is optional and defaults to 0 meaning no limit,

  • csv_params, when parsing a csv file this dictionnary is passed as keyword arguments to the reader() or DictReader() constructors, depending on whether the fieldnames arguments is present,

  • user_context, whether the user must be part of the cache key. For retro compatibility If authentication mechanism is OAuth2, it defaults to True otherwise to False.

Exemple with the JSON parser

The configuration:

    'json': {
         'name': u'My JSON content',
         'class': 'cmsplugin_blurp.renderer.data_source.Renderer',
         'sources': [
                  'slug': 'json_source',
                  'url': '',
                  'parser_type': 'json',
                  'auth_mech': 'hmac-sha1',
                  'signature_key': 'abcdefgh0123',
                  'refresh': 600,
         'template': 'my-json-block.html',

The my-json-block.html template:

{% for key, value in data_sources.json_source.iteritems %}
    <dt>{{ key }}</dt>
    <dd>{{ value }}</dd>
{% endfor %}

Exemple with the CSV parser

We suppose that the file /var/spool/data/timesheet.csv contains the following datas:


You can present this file using this configuration:

    'timesheet': {
        'name': u'Timesheet of our organization',
        'class': 'cmsplugin_blurp.renderer.data_source.Renderer',
        'sources': [
                'slug': 'timesheet',
                'url': 'file:///var/spool/data/timesheet.csv',
                'parser_type': 'csv',
                'refresh': 86400,
                'csv_params': {
                    'fieldnames': [
         'template': 'timesheet.html',

and the following template:

        <tr><td>Day</td><td>Opening hours</td></tr>
        {% for row in data_sources.timesheet %}
            <tr><td>{{ }}</td><td>{{ row.opening_hours }}</td></tr>
        {% endfor %}

SQL Renderer


     'student_table': {
         'name': u'Table of students',
         'class': 'cmsplugin_blurp.renderer.sql.Renderer',
         'url': 'postgresql://scott:tiger@localhost:5432/mydatabase',
         'views': {
             'students': {
                 'query': 'SELECT name, age, birthdate FROM student WHERE class_id = :class_id',
                 'bindparams': {
                     'class_id': 12
         'template': 'student-table.html',


<!-- student-table.html -->
    {% for row in students %}
            <td>{{ }}</td>
            <td>{{ row.age  }}</td>
            <td>{{ row.birthdate }}</td>
    {% endfor %}

Template tag


You can render a block in any template using the template tag render_blurp:

{% load blurp_tags %}

{% render_blurp “student_table” %}

blurp block tag

You can insert the context generated by a blurp in your current template to do the templating yourself, beware that you will lose ajaxification and dynamic reloading if you use this tag as we cannot send your inline template to the ajax endpoint:

{% load blurp_tags %}

{% blurp "student_table %}
    {% for row in students %}
            <td>{{ }}</td>
            <td>{{ row.age  }}</td>
            <td>{{ row.birthdate }}</td>
    {% endfor %}
{% endblurp %}

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