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A monkey-patching system to ease the transition between Django versions.

Project description

Compatibility Matters

DCP is a “magic” package which adds backwards/forwards compatibility patches to Django, so that your app ecosystem doesn’t get broken by trivial changes made to the core of the framework.

It injects compatibility shims like function/attribute aliases, restores data structures which were replaced by stdlib ones, extends the behaviour of callables (eg. referring to a view by object, by name, or by dotted path), and can even preserve deprecated module as “import aliases” (ex. keep importing from “django.contrib.comments” instead of the now external “django_comments”).

This allows to you upgrade your dependencies one at a time, to fork/patch them when you have a proper opportunity, and most importantly to not get stuck, when deadlines are tight and your dependencies suddenly have conflicting requirements. DCP somehow relaxes the deprecation policy of Django, so that it comes closer to semantic versioning.

Technically, DCP manages a set of “fixers”, small utilities which advertise the change that they make, the versions of Django that they support, and which on monkey-patch the Django framework on demand. By applying these fixers in a proper order (sometimes before, sometimes after django.setup()), DCP can workaround multiple breaking changes which target the same part of the code (eg. a tag library being added and then removed).

Beware, DCP is aimed at project maintainers. If you are developing a reusable Django application, you can’t expect all your users to integrate DCP as well. In this case, to support a wide range of Django versions, you should rather use a toolkit like Django-compat. You may think of DCP as a “runtime 2to3 for Django’, wherease Django-Compat is rather a “six module for Django”.

Feel free to contribute new fixers, for backwards or forwards compatibility, depending on the compatibility troubles you encounter on your projects (see CONTRIBUTE.rst)

1   How to install

Django-compat-patcher is currently tested on python2.7/3.4/3.5, with Django versions 1.8/1.9/1.10.

Add django-compat-patcher to your pip requirements, install it, and then activate it with:

import django_compat_patcher

This code should be placed before any use of Django (eg. in your or your script), but after the DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE environment variable has been set.

In particular, some fixers only work if they are applied before the loading of INSTALLED_APPS (so before django.setup() gets called).

The Django settings of your project are not altered by compatibility shims, so they should be kept up-to-date with your installed Django version (eg. now use TEMPLATES, MIDDLEWARE, and not deprecated settings…). In particular, always put real package names in INSTALLED_APPS, not their potential “import aliases”.

2   Django settings

By default, DCP emits logs and warnings when patching the code, and applies all “relevant” fixers, i.e all that support your currently installed django version.

This behaviour can be customized via the Django settings below.

Note however, that some fixers depend on other fixers, so it’s advised to be consistent and always include contiguous series of fixers around your current version (ex. if you use Django1.10, apply fixers from Django1.8 up to Django1.10, or up to Django2.X if yo want some forward compatibility as well). DCP filters out, by himself, fixers which are useless for your Django version.

“Families” identify the Django version where the breaking change was introduced (for backwards compatibility fixers), or where the new feature was introduced (for forwards compatibility fixers). It is not related to the appearance of corresponding PendingDeprecationWarnings in the framework.

You may provide a “settings” dictionary directly to the patch() method, in which case your DCP django settings will be completely ignored (only library defaults will be used as fallbacks):



List of fixer identifiers to include. If "*" is used, then all fixers are included.

Default: "*"
Type: List of strings, or "*"
Example: DCP_INCLUDE_FIXER_IDS = ['fix_deletion_templatetags_future_url']


List of fixer families to include. If "*" is used, then all families are included.

Note: If you want to include only specific families, remember to replace the value "*" from :code:`DCP_INCLUDE_FIXER_IDS by, for example, an empty list.

Default: []
Type: List of strings
Choices: ("djangoX.Y") where X and Y are respectively the major and minor versions
Example: DCP_INCLUDE_FIXER_FAMILIES = ["django1.9"]


List of fixer identifiers to exclude.

Note: The “EXCLUDE” filters are applied AFTER the “INCLUDE” ones, and so take precedence.

Default: []
Type: List of strings
Example: DCP_EXCLUDE_FIXER_IDS = ['fix_deletion_templatetags_future_url']


List of fixer families to exclude.

Note: The “EXCLUDE” filters are applied AFTER the “INCLUDE” ones, and so take precedence.

Default: []
Type: List of strings
Choices: ("djangoX.Y") where X and Y are respectively the major and minor versions
Example: DCP_EXCLUDE_FIXER_FAMILIES = ["django1.6", "django1.9"]


If True, the patcher adds a __dcp_injected__ = True attribute to the injected objects (callables, classes, modules, attributes…), when possible, to differentiate them from original ones.

Default: True
Type: Boolean


If True, compatibility shims emit python warnings (warnings.warn(...)) when they are imported/used, to help detect deprecated code. These warnings are mostly subclasses of DeprecationWarning (ex. RemovedInDjango19Warning).

Once emitted, the handling of warnings depends on your setup (python command line flags, logging config…), see the official doc on warnings for more information.

Default: True
Type: Boolean


The patch() system of DCP can output to STDERR which fixers are getting applied, and provide debug information (ex. for which reason a specific fixer was discarded).

This setting sets the logging level of that information stream, which is typically only viewed at django startup. A value None disables DCP logging entirely.

Note that DCP does NOT actually use stdlib loggers, because it mostly performs operations before Django logging has been setup (ex. using the LOGGING setting), so log entries would most probably get discarded.

Default: "INFO"
Type: Logging level string, or None

3   Table of fixers

There are currently 24 available fixers.

Fixer and its ID Fixer family Min version Max version
Preserve the request.raw_post_data alias for request.body. (fix_deletion_http_request_HttpRequest_raw_post_data) django1.6 1.6  
Keep ‘django.contrib.comments’ as an import alias for the now external package ‘django_comments’ (django-contrib-comments on pypi) ; the latter must be installed separately. (fix_outsourcing_contrib_comments) django1.8 1.8  
Preserve the MergeDict util datastructure (fix_deletion_utils_datastructures_MergeDict) django1.9 1.9  
Preserve the SortedDict util datastructure (fix_deletion_utils_datastructures_SortedDict) django1.9 1.9  
Preserve the dictconfig util file (fix_deletion_utils_dictconfig) django1.9 1.9  
Preserve utils.functional.memoize() utility (fix_deletion_utils_functional_memoize) django1.9 1.9  
Preserve the importlib util file (fix_deletion_utils_importlib) django1.9 1.9  
Preserve the tzinfo util file (fix_deletion_utils_tzinfo) django1.9 1.9  
Preserve the unittest util file (fix_deletion_utils_unittest) django1.9 1.9  
Preserve the `request.REQUEST` attribute, merging parameters from GET (fix_deletion_core_handlers_wsgi_WSGIRequest_REQUEST) django1.9 1.9  
Preserve the get_formsets method of ModelAdmin (fix_deletion_contrib_admin_ModelAdmin_get_formsets) django1.9 1.9  
Preserve the `url` tag in the `future` templatetags library. (fix_deletion_templatetags_future_url) django1.9 1.9  
Preserve the `ssi` tag in the `future` templatetags library. (fix_deletion_templatetags_future_ssi) django1.9 1.9  
Preserve the IPAddressField form field, now superseded by GenericIPAddressField (fix_deletion_forms_fields_IPAddressField) django1.9 1.9  
Preserve the fallback to AppCommand.handle_app() method in django management commands. (fix_deletion_django_core_management_base_AppCommand_handle_app) django1.9 1.9  
Preserve contrib.sites.models.RequestSite alias. (fix_deletion_contrib_sites_models_RequestSite) django1.9 1.9  
Preserve contrib.sites.models.get_current_site alias. (fix_deletion_contrib_sites_models_get_current_site) django1.9 1.9  
Preserve the “future” templatetags library, with its improved `firstof` and `cycle` tags. (fix_deletion_templatetags_future) django1.10 1.10  
Preserve the “ssi” default template tag. (fix_deletion_template_defaulttags_ssi) django1.10 1.10  
Restore support for dotted string view in RegexURLPattern, instead of view object. (fix_behaviour_urls_resolvers_RegexURLPattern) django1.10 1.10  
Preserve the ability to call urlresolver on dotted string view, instead of explicit view name. (fix_behaviour_core_urlresolvers_reverse_with_prefix) django1.10 1.10  
Support passing views to url() as dotted strings instead of view objects. (fix_behaviour_conf_urls_url) django1.10 1.10  
Preserve the patterns() builder for django urls. (fix_deletion_conf_urls_patterns) django1.10 1.10  
Preserve support for a single ‘=’ sign in {% if %} tag. (fix_behaviour_template_smartif_OPERATORS_equals) django1.10 1.10  

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