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A lightweight collection of JSON helpers for Django.

Project description

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A lightweight collection of JSON helpers for Django. Includes a template filter for safely outputting JSON, views that encode and decode JSON, and a helper for writing simple REST views.

A special JSON encoder is used to serialize QuerySets and objects with to_json methods.

Filter

You can serialize an object in JSON using the |json filter. This is useful to generate safe JavaScript:

{% load json_tag %}
<script type="application/javascript">
  (function () {
      var object_list = {{ object_list|json }};
      // do something with object_list
  })();
</script>

|json is safe to use anywhere in XML or XHTML except in a double quoted attribute. It’s important to use this tag rather than dumping the output of json.dumps into HTML, because an attacker could output a closing tag and effect an XSS attack. For example, if we output json.dumps("</script><script>console.log('xss'); //") in template like this:

<script>
  var somedata = {{ somedata_as_json|safe }};
</script>

We get:

<script>
  var somedata = "</script>
<script>
  console.log('xss'); //";
</script>

This allows the attacker to inject their own JavaScript. The |json tag prevents this by encoding the closing </script> tag with JSON’s unicode escapes. If we output {{ somedata|json }}, we get:

<script>
  var somedata = "\u0060xscript\u0062x\u0060xscript\u0062xconsole.log(\u0027xss\u0027);//";
</script>

json_tag also escapes single quotes this allows you to write valid JS for tools like eslint-plugin-html and for use in single quoted XML or XHTML attributes:

<script data-data='{{ extra|json }}'>
  var somedata = JSON.parse('{{ somedata|json }}');
</script>

It also escapes ampersands in order to generate valid XML. For example, with the value foo & bar:

<document><json>{{ value|json }}</json></document>
<!-- Results in valid XML:
<document><json>"foo \u0038x bar"</json></document>
-->

Tag

You can also serialize multiple objects at the same time with the {% json %} template tag.

To create an Array, use:

{% load json_tag %}
<script type="module">
  const [ham, spam, eggs] = {% json ham spam eggs %};
  // do something with ham, spam and eggs.
</script>

To create an Object, use:

{% load json_tag %}
<script type="module">
  const { ham, spam, eggs } = {% json ham=user spam=author eggs=owner %};
  // do something with ham, spam and eggs.
</script>

If you mix args and kwargs, however, you get an array-like object with numeric properties from the args and string properties from the kwargs.

{% load json_tag %}
<script type="module">
  import assert from 'assert';
  const x = {% json ham spam=author eggs=owner %};
  const [ham] = Array.from(x);
  const { spam, eggs, length } = x;
  assert(length === 1);
  const y = Array.prototype.map.call(x, v => v + 1);
  assert.deepEqual(y, [ham+1]);
  // do something with ham, spam and eggs.
</script>

The length property is populated from the number of args passed to allow use with Array methods like Array.prototype.map or Array.from. You can override it, but it is likely to cause Array methods to fail:

{% load json_tag %}
<script type="module">
  import assert from 'assert';
  const x = {% json ham spam=author eggs=owner length='banana'%};
  const [ham] = Array.from(x);
  assert(typeof ham === 'undefined');
  const { spam, eggs, length } = x;
  assert(length === 'banana');
  const y = Array.prototype.map.call(x, v => v + 1);
  assert.deepEqual(y, []);
  // do something with spam and eggs.
</script>

Views

JsonResponseMixin

JsonResponseMixin implements render_to_response method that serializes an object into a JSON response. Thus it is compatible with generic Django views:

from django.db import models
from django.views.generic.detail import BaseDetailView
from json_tag.views import JsonResponseMixin

class Blog(models.Model):
    title = models.CharField(max_length=255)
    body = models.TextField()

    def to_json(self):
        return {
            'title': self.title,
            'body': self.body,
        }

class BlogDetailView(JsonResponseMixin, BaseDetailView):
    """
    Detail view returning object serialized in JSON
    """
    model = Blog

JsonRequestMixin

JsonRequestMixin gives access to the request data through data() method.

from django.views.generic.base import View
from json_tag.views import JsonRequestMixin:
from json_tag.http import JsonResponse

class EchoView(JsonRequestMixin, View):
    def dispatch(self, *args, **kwargs):
        return JsonResponse(self.data())

RestView

RestView is an abstract class. Subclasses should implement auth(), for handling authentication, and at least one HTTP method.

RestView implements OPTIONS http method, and inherits from JsonRequestMixin and JsonResponseMixin.

from django.core.exceptions import PermissionDenied
from json_tag.views import RestView
from .utils import get_action

class CrazyRestView(RestView):
    def auth(self, *args, **kwargs):
        if not self.request.user.is_superuser:
            raise PermissionDenied

    def post(self, *args, **kwargs):
        action = kwargs.pop('action')
        action_func = get_action(action)
        return self.render_to_response(action_func(self.data()))

Changelog

0.0.1 (2018-04-24)

  • Rename module to json_tag

0.0.0 (2018-04-24)

Initial release:

  • Extracted from django-argonauts
  • {% json %} tag
  • escape single quote
  • fix travis tests

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