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Tenant support for Django using PostgreSQL schemas. Supports url patterns as well as sub-domains. Inspired by django-tenant-schemas.

Project Description

|PyPi version| |PyPi downloads|

This application enables `django`_ powered websites to have multiple
tenants via `PostgreSQL schemas`_. A vital feature for every
Software-as-a-Service website.

Django provides currently no simple way to support multiple tenants
using the same project instance, even when only the data is different.
Because we don’t want you running many copies of your project, you’ll be
able to have:

- Multiple customers running on the same instance
- Shared and Tenant-Specific data
- Tenant View-Routing

What are schemas

A schema can be seen as a directory in an operating system, each
directory (schema) with it’s own set of files (tables and objects). This
allows the same table name and objects to be used in different schemas
without conflict. For an accurate description on schemas, see
`PostgreSQL’s official documentation on schemas`_.

Why schemas

There are typically three solutions for solving the multitenancy

1. Isolated Approach: Separate Databases. Each tenant has it’s own

2. Semi Isolated Approach: Shared Database, Separate Schemas. One
database for all tenants, but one schema per tenant.

3. Shared Approach: Shared Database, Shared Schema. All tenants share
the same database and schema. There is a main tenant-table, where all
other tables have a foreign key pointing to.

This application implements the second approach, which in our opinion,
represents the ideal compromise between simplicity and performance.

- Simplicity: barely make any changes to your current code to support
multitenancy. Plus, you only manage one database.
- Performance: make use of shared connections, buffers and memory.

Each solution has it’s up and down sides, for a more in-depth
discussion, see Microsoft’s excellent article on `Multi-Tenant Data

How it works

Tenants are identified via their host name (i.e This
information is stored on a table on the ``public`` schema. Whenever a
request is made, the host name is used to match a tenant in the
database. If there’s a match, the search path is updated to use this
tenant’s schema. So from now on all queries will take place at the
tenant’s schema. For example, suppose you have a tenant ``customer`` at Any request incoming at
```` will automatically use ``customer``\ ’s schema
and make the tenant available at the request. If no tenant is found, a
404 error is raised. This also means you should have a tenant for your
main domain, typically using the ``public`` schema. For more information
please read the `setup`_ section.

What can this app do?

As many tenants as you want

Each tenant has its data on a specific schema. Use a single project
instance to serve as many as you want.

Tenant-specific and shared apps

Tenant-specific apps do not share their data between tenants, but you
can also have shared apps where the information is always available and
shared between all.

Tenant View-Routing

You can have different views for ```` and
````, even though Django only uses the string after
the host name to identify which view to serve.


Everyone loves magic! You’ll be able to have all this barely having to
change your code!

Setup & Documentation

**This is just a short setup guide**, it is **strongly** recommended
that you read the complete version at

Your ``DATABASE_ENGINE`` setting needs to be changed to

.. code-block:: python

'default': {
'ENGINE': 'tenant_schemas.postgresql_backend',
# ..

Add the middleware ``tenant_schemas.middleware.TenantMiddleware`` to the
top of ``MIDDLEWARE_CLASSES``, so that each request can be set to use
the correct schema.

.. code-block:: python


Add ``tenant_schemas.routers.TenantSyncRouter`` to your `DATABASE_ROUTERS`
setting, so that the correct apps can be synced, depending on what's
being synced (shared or tenant).

.. code-block:: python


Add ``tenant_schemas`` to your ``INSTALLED_APPS``.

Create your tenant model

.. code-block:: python

from django.db import models
from tenant_schemas.models import TenantMixin

class Client(TenantMixin):
name = models.CharField(max_length=100)
paid_until = models.DateField()
on_trial = models.BooleanField()
created_on = models.DateField(auto_now_add=True)

Define on ```` which model is your tenant model. Assuming you
created ``Client`` inside an app named ``customers``, your
``TENANT_MODEL`` should look like this:

.. code-block:: python

TENANT_MODEL = "customers.Client" # app.Model

Now run ``migrate_schemas`` (``sync_schemas`` if you're on Django 1.6 and older),
this will sync your apps to the ``public`` schema.


python migrate_schemas --shared

Create your tenants just like a normal django model. Calling ``save``
will automatically create and sync/migrate the schema.

.. code-block:: python

from customers.models import Client

# create your public tenant
tenant = Client(domain_url='',
name='My First Tenant',

Any request made to ```` will now automatically set
your PostgreSQL’s ``search_path`` to ``tenant1`` and ``public``, making
shared apps available too. This means that any call to the methods
``filter``, ``get``, ``save``, ``delete`` or any other function
involving a database connection will now be done at the tenant’s schema,
so you shouldn’t need to change anything at your views.

You’re all set, but we have left key details outside of this short
tutorial, such as creating the public tenant and configuring shared and
tenant specific apps. Complete instructions can be found at

.. _django:
.. _PostgreSQL schemas:
.. _PostgreSQL’s official documentation on schemas:
.. _Multi-Tenant Data Architecture:

.. |PyPi version| image::
.. |PyPi downloads| image::
.. _setup:
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