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Reusable django app for collecting and visualizing network topology

Project Description

Reusable django app for collecting and visualizing network topology.


Current features

  • network topology collector supporting different formats:
    • NetJSON NetworkGraph
    • OLSR (jsoninfo/txtinfo)
    • batman-adv (jsondoc/txtinfo)
    • BMX6 (q6m)
    • CNML 1.0
    • additional formats can be added by specifying custom parsers
  • network topology visualizer based on netjsongraph.js
  • simple HTTP API that exposes data in NetJSON NetworkGraph format
  • admin interface that allows to easily manage, audit, visualize and debug topologies and their relative data (nodes, links)
  • receive topology from multiple nodes

Project goals

  • make it easy to visualize network topology data for the formats supported by netdiff
  • expose topology data via RESTful resources in NetJSON NetworkGraph format
  • make it easy to integrate in larger django projects to improve reusability
  • make it easy to extend its models by providing abstract models (needs improvement in this point)
  • provide ways to customize or replace the visualizer (needs improvement in this point)
  • keep the core very simple
  • provide ways to extend the default behaviour
  • encourage new features to be published as extensions

Install stable version from pypi

Install from pypi:

pip install django-netjsongraph

Install development version

Install tarball:

pip install https://github.com/netjson/django-netjsongraph/tarball/master

Alternatively you can install via pip using git:

pip install -e git+git://github.com/netjson/django-netjsongraph#egg=django-netjsongraph

If you want to contribute, install your cloned fork:

git clone git@github.com:<your_fork>/django-netjsongraph.git
cd django-netjsongraph
python setup.py develop

Setup (integrate in an existing django project)

Add rest_framework and django_netjsongraph to INSTALLED_APPS:

INSTALLED_APPS = [
    # other apps
    'rest_framework',
    'django_netjsongraph'
    # ...
]

Include urls in your urlconf (you can change the prefixes according to your needs):

from django.conf.urls import include, url

from django_netjsongraph.api import urls as netjsongraph_api
from django_netjsongraph.visualizer import urls as netjsongraph_visualizer

urlpatterns = [
    # your URLs ...
    url(r'^api/', include(netjsongraph_api)),
    url(r'', include(netjsongraph_visualizer)),
]

Create database tables:

./manage.py migrate

Management Commands

update_topology

After topology URLs (URLs exposing the files that the topology of the network) have been added in the admin, the update_topology management command can be used to collect data and start playing with the network graph:

./manage.py update_topology

The management command accepts a --label argument that will be used to search in topology labels, eg:

./manage.py update_topology --label mytopology

Logging

The update_topology management command will automatically try to log errors.

For a good default LOGGING configuration refer to the test settings.

Strategies

There are mainly two ways of collecting topology information:

  • FETCH strategy
  • RECEIVE strategy

Each Topology instance has a strategy field which can be set to the desired setting.

FETCH strategy

Topology data will be fetched from a URL.

When some links are not detected anymore they will be flagged as “down” straightaway.

RECEIVE strategy

Topology data is sent directly from one or more nodes of the network.

The collector waits to receive data in the payload of a POST HTTP request; when such a request is received, a key parameter it’s first checked against the Topology key.

If the request is authorized the collector proceeds to update the topology.

If the data is sent from one node only, it’s highly advised to set the expiration_time of the Topology instance to 0 (seconds), this way the system works just like in the FETCH strategy, with the only difference that the data is sent by one node instead of fetched by the collector.

If the data is sent from multiple nodes, you SHOULD set the expiration_time of the Topology instance to a value slightly higher than the interval used by nodes to send the topology, this way links will be flagged as “down” only if they haven’t been detected for a while. This mechanism allows to visualize the topology even if the network has been split in several parts, the disadvantage is that it will take a bit more time to detect links that go offline.

Settings

NETJSONGRAPH_PARSERS

type: list
default: []

Additional custom netdiff parsers.

NETJSONGRAPH_SIGNALS

type: str
default: None

String representing python module to import on initialization.

Useful for loading django signals or to define custom behaviour.

NETJSONGRAPH_TIMEOUT

type: int
default: 8

Timeout when fetching topology URLs.

NETJSONGRAPH_VISUALIZER_CSS

type: str
default: netjsongraph/css/style.css

Path of the visualizer css file. Allows customization of css according to user’s preferences.

Overriding visualizer templates

Follow these steps to override and customise the visualizer’s default templates:

  • create a directory in your django project and put its full path in TEMPLATES['DIRS'], which can be found in the django settings.py file
  • create a sub directory named netjsongraph and add all the templates which shall override the default netjsongraph/* templates
  • create a template file with the same name of the template file you want to override

More information about the syntax used in django templates can be found in the django templates documentation.

Example: overriding the <script> tag

Here’s a step by step guide on how to change the javascript options passed to netjsongraph.js, remember to replace <project_path> with the absolute filesytem path of your project.

Step 1: create a directory in <project_path>/templates/netjsongraph

Step 2: open your settings.py and edit the TEMPLATES['DIRS'] setting so that it looks like the following example:

# settings.py
TEMPLATES = [
    {
        'DIRS': [os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'templates')],
        # ... all other lines have been omitted for brevity ...
    }
]

Step 3: create a new file named netjsongraph-script.html in the new <project_path>/templates/netjsongraph/ directory, eg:

<!-- <project_path>/templates/netjsongraph/netjsongraph-script.html -->
<script>
    var graph = d3.netJsonGraph("{% url 'network_graph' topology.pk %}", {
        linkClassProperty: "status",
        defaultStyle: false,
        labelDy: "-1.4em",
        circleRadius: 8,
        charge: -100,
        gravity: 0.3,
        linkDistance: 100,
        linkStrength: 0.2,
        # more customisations here ...
    });
</script>

Extending django-netjsongraph

django-netjsongraph provides a set of models, admin classes and generic views which can be imported, extended and reused by third party apps.

To extend django-netjsongraph, you MUST NOT add it to settings.INSTALLED_APPS, but you must create your own app (which goes into settings.INSTALLED_APPS), import the base classes from django-netjsongraph and add your customizations.

Extending models

This example provides an example of how to extend the base models of django-netjsongraph.

# models.py of your custom ``network`` app
from django.db import models

from django_netjsongraph.base.link import AbstractLink
from django_netjsongraph.base.node import AbstractNode
from django_netjsongraph.base.topology import AbstractTopology

# the model ``organizations.Organization`` is omitted for brevity
# if you are curious to see a real implementation, check out django-organizations
# https://github.com/bennylope/django-organizations

class OrganizationMixin(models.Model):
    organization = models.ForeignKey('organization.Organization')

    class Meta:
        abstract = True


class Topology(OrganizationMixin, AbstractTopology):
    def clean(self):
        # your own validation logic here
        pass

    class Meta(AbstractTopology.Meta):
        abstract = False


class Node(AbstractNode):
    topology = models.ForeignKey('Topology')

    class Meta:
        abstract = False


class Link(AbstractLink):
    topology = models.ForeignKey('Topology')
    source = models.ForeignKey('Node',
                               related_name='source_link_set')
    target = models.ForeignKey('Node',
                               related_name='source_target_set')

    class Meta:
        abstract = False

Extending the admin

Following the above example, you can avoid duplicating the admin code by importing the base admin classes and registering your models with.

# admin.py of your app
from django.contrib import admin
from django_netjsongraph.base.admin import (AbstractLinkAdmin,
                                            AbstractNodeAdmin,
                                            AbstractTopologyAdmin)
# these are you custom models
from .models import Link, Node, Topology


class TopologyAdmin(AbstractTopologyAdmin):
    model = Topology


class NodeAdmin(AbstractNodeAdmin):
    model = Node


class LinkAdmin(AbstractLinkAdmin):
    model = Link


admin.site.register(Link, LinkAdmin)
admin.site.register(Node, NodeAdmin)
admin.site.register(Topology, TopologyAdmin)

Extending API views

If your use case doesn’t vary much from the base, you may also want to try to reuse the API views:

# your app.api.views
from ..models import Topology
from django_netjsongraph.api.generics import (BaseNetworkCollectionView,
                                              BaseNetworkGraphView,
                                              BaseReceiveTopologyView)


class NetworkCollectionView(BaseNetworkCollectionView):
    queryset = Topology.objects.filter(published=True)


class NetworkGraphView(BaseNetworkGraphView):
    queryset = Topology.objects.filter(published=True)


class ReceiveTopologyView(BaseReceiveTopologyView):
    model = Topology


network_collection = NetworkCollectionView.as_view()
network_graph = NetworkGraphView.as_view()
receive_topology = ReceiveTopologyView.as_view()

API URLs

If you are not making drastic changes to the api views, you can avoid duplicating the URL logic by using the get_api_urls function. Put this in your api urls.py:

# your app.api.urls
from django_netjsongraph.utils import get_api_urls
from . import views

urlpatterns = get_api_urls(views)

Extending Visualizer Views

If your use case doesn’t vary much from the base, you may also want to try to reuse the Visualizer views:

# your app.visualizer.views
from ..models import Topology
from .generics import BaseTopologyDetailView, BaseTopologyListView


class TopologyListView(BaseTopologyListView):
    topology_model = Topology


class TopologyDetailView(BaseTopologyDetailView):
    topology_model = Topology


topology_list = TopologyListView.as_view()
topology_detail = TopologyDetailView.as_view()

Visualizer URLs

If you are not making any drastic changes to visualizer views, you can avoid duplicating the URL logic by using get_visualizer_urls function. Put this in your visualizer urls.py

# your app.visualizer.urls
from django_netjsongraph.utils import get_visualizer_urls
from . import views

urlpatterns = get_visualizer_urls(views)

Extending AppConfig

You may want to reuse the AppConfig class of django-netjsongraph too:

from django_netjsongraph.apps import DjangoNetjsongraphConfig

class MyOwnConfig(DjangoNetjsongraphConfig):
    name = 'yourapp'
    label = 'yourapp'

Installing for development

Install sqlite:

sudo apt-get install sqlite3 libsqlite3-dev

Install your forked repo:

git clone git://github.com/<your_fork>/django-netjsongraph
cd django-netjsongraph/
python setup.py develop

Install test requirements:

pip install -r requirements-test.txt

Create database:

cd tests/
./manage.py migrate
./manage.py createsuperuser

Launch development server:

./manage.py runserver

You can access the visualizer at http://127.0.0.1:8000/ and the admin interface at http://127.0.0.1:8000/admin/.

Run tests with:

./runtests.py

Contributing

First off, thanks for taking the time to read these guidelines.

Trying to follow these guidelines is important in order to minimize waste and avoid misunderstandings.

  1. Ensure your changes meet the Project Goals
  2. If you found a bug please send a failing test with a patch
  3. If you want to add a new feature, announce your intentions in the issue tracker
  4. Fork this repo and install it by following the instructions in Installing for development
  5. Follow PEP8, Style Guide for Python Code
  6. Write code
  7. Write tests for your code
  8. Ensure all tests pass
  9. Ensure test coverage is not under 90%
  10. Document your changes
  11. Send pull request

Changelog

See CHANGES.

License

See LICENSE.

This projects bundles third-party javascript libraries in its source code:

Release History

Release History

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