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Dynamically select only a subset of fields per DRF resource(Support both flat and nested resources)

Project description

django-restql

Latest Version Python Versions License

django-restql is a python library which allows django-rest-framework to dynamically select only a subset of fields per DRF resource(Support both flat and nested resources)

Installing

pip install django-restql

Getting Started

Using django-restql is very simple, you just have to use the DynamicFieldsMixin when defining a View.

from rest_framework import viewsets
from django.contrib.auth.models import User
from .serializers import UserSerializer
from django_restql.mixins import DynamicFieldsMixin

class UserViewSet(DynamicFieldsMixin, viewsets.ModelViewSet):
    queryset = User.objects.all().order_by('-date_joined')
    serializer_class = UserSerializer

A regular request returns all fields specified on DRF serializer, in fact django-restql doesn't handle this request at all:

GET /users

    [
      {
        "id": 1,
        "username": "yezyilomo",
        "email": "yezileliilomo@hotmail.com",
        "groups": [1,2]
      },
      ...
    ]

django-restql handle all GET requests with query parameter, this parameter is the one used to pass all fields to be included on a response. For example to select id and username fields from user model, send a request with a query parameter as shown below.

GET /users/?query=[["id", "username"]]

    [
      {
        "id": 1,
        "username": "yezyilomo"
      },
      ...
    ]

If a query contains nested field, django-restql will return its id or array of ids for the case of nested iterable field(one2many or many2many). For example on a request below location is a flat nested field(many2one) and groups is an iterable nested field(one2many or many2many).

GET /users/?query=[["id", "username", "location", "groups"]]

    [
      {
        "id": 1,
        "username": "yezyilomo",
        "location": 6,
        "groups": [1,2]
      },
      ...
    ]

With django-restql you can expand or query nested fields at any level. For example you can query a country and region field from location.

GET /users/?query=[["id", "username", {"location": ["country", "region"]}]]

    [
      {
        "id": 1,
        "username": "yezyilomo",
        "location": {
            "contry": "Tanzania",
            "region": "Dar es salaam"
        }
      },
      ...
    ]

django-restql got your back on expanding or querying iterable nested fields too. For example if you want to expand groups field into id and name, here is how you would do it.

GET /users/?query=[["id", "username" {"groups": [[ "id", "name" ]]}]]

    [
      {
        "id": 1,
        "username": "yezyilomo",
        "groups": [
            {
                "id": 2,
                "name": "Auth_User"
            }
            {
                "id": 3,
                "name": "Admin_User"
            }
        ]
      },
      ...
    ]

Note:

The notation used to expand flat nested fields is field_name=[sub_field1, sub_field2, ...]

And for iterable nested fields field_name=[[sub_field1, sub_field2, ...]]

For more information on how to create queries you can refer to dictfier which is a library used to implement this project.

Customizing django-restql

django-restql is very configurable, here is what you can customize

  • Change the name of query parameter.

    If you don't want to use the name query as your parameter, you can inherit DynamicFieldsMixin and change it as shown below

    from django_restql.mixins import DynamicFieldsMixin
    
    class MyDynamicFieldMixin(DynamicFieldsMixin):
        query_param_name = "your_favourite_name"
    

    Now you can use this Mixin on your serializers and use the name your_favourite_name as your parameter. E.g

    GET /users/?your_favourite_name=[["id", "username"]]

Credits

This implementation is based on dictfier library and the idea behind GraphQL.

My intention is to extend the capability of drf-dynamic-fields library to support more functionalities like allowing to query nested fields both flat and iterable.

Contributing PRs Welcome

We welcome all contributions. Please read our CONTRIBUTING.md first. You can submit any ideas as pull requests or as GitHub issues. If you'd like to improve code, check out the Code Style Guide and have a good time!.

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