Drop-in replacement for django's many to many field with sorted relations.
sortedm2m is a drop-in replacement for django’s own ManyToManyField. The provided SortedManyToManyField behaves like the original one but remembers the order of added relations.
sortedm2m requires at least django 1.2. Django 1.1 or earlier is not supported. sortedm2m now supports South database migrations, if South is installed.
Imagine that you have a gallery model and a photo model. Usually you want a relation between these models so you can add multiple photos to one gallery but also want to be able to have the same photo on many galleries.
This is where you usually can use many to many relation. The downside is that django’s default implementation doesn’t provide a way to order the photos in the gallery. So you only have a random ordering which is not suitable in most cases.
You can work around this limitation by using the SortedManyToManyField provided by this package as drop in replacement for django’s ManyToManyField.
Use SortedManyToManyField like ManyToManyField in your models:
from django.db import models from sortedm2m.fields import SortedManyToManyField class Photo(models.Model): name = models.CharField(max_length=50) image = models.ImageField(upload_to='...') class Gallery(models.Model): name = models.CharField(max_length=50) photos = SortedManyToManyField(Photo)
If you use the relation in your code like the following, it will remember the order in which you have added photos to the gallery.
gallery = Gallery.objects.create(name='Photos ordered by name') for photo in Photo.objects.order_by('name'): gallery.photos.add(photo)
SortedManyToManyField provides a custom widget which can be used to sort the selected items. It renders a list of checkboxes that can be sorted by drag’n’drop.
It’s also possible to use the SortedManyToManyField with admin’s raw_id_fields option in the ModelAdmin definition. Add the name of the SortedManyToManyField to this list to get a simple text input field. The order in which the ids are entered into the input box is used to sort the items of the sorted m2m relation.
from django.contrib import admin class GalleryAdmin(admin.ModelAdmin): raw_id_fields = ('photos',)
You can find the latest development version on github. Get there and fork it, file bugs or send me nice wishes.
- South support (via monkeypatching, but anyway… it’s there!). Thanks to Chris Church for the patch. South migrations won’t pick up a changed sorted argument though.
- Use already included jQuery version in global scope and don’t override with django’s version. Thank you to Hendrik van der Linde for reporting this issue.
- Fixed packaging error.
- Heavy internal refactorings. These were necessary to solve a problem with SortedManyToManyField and a reference to 'self'.
- Forgot to exclude debug print/console.log statements from code. Sorry.
- Fixing problems with SortedCheckboxSelectMultiple widget, especially in admin where a “create and add another item” popup is available.
- Fixing issue with primary keys instead of model instances for .add() and .remove() methods in SortedRelatedManager.
- Fixing validation error for SortedCheckboxSelectMultiple. It caused errors if only one value was passed.
- Removed unnecessary reference of jquery ui css file in SortedCheckboxSelectMultiple. Thanks to Klaas van Schelven and Yuwei Yu for the hint.
- Added a widget for use in admin.