This is a pre-production deployment of Warehouse, however changes made here WILL affect the production instance of PyPI.
Latest Version Dependencies status unknown Test status unknown Test coverage unknown
Project Description

django-sunset

Django Sunset makes working with Django settings in a team environment or a multi-server deployment a bit easier.

The basic idea is that you separate your settings modules and based on the hostname of the machine you are running on, do the appropriate thing.

Installation

Using Pip:

pip install django-sunset

Or easy_install if you don’t have Pip:

easy_install django-sunset

Basic Usage

When you create a new project in Django a Python module called settings (a file called settings.py) holds all the configuration for how your project will operate.

If you are new to Django, this tutorial can get you started.

Start with a new project (django-admin.py startproject mysite):

mysite/
    __init__.py
    manage.py
    settings.py
    urls.py

Rename the settings.py file to settingsbase.py

mysite/
    __init__.py
    manage.py
    settingsbase.py
    urls.py

Let’s find out what your current hostname is

$ python -c 'import os; print os.uname()[1]'
rob-madoles-macbook-pro.local

Mine is rob-madoles-macbook-pro.local. Throughout the examples I’ll use this, substitute your own where appropriate.

Now create settings.py with the following contents

from sunset import api

import settingsbase
api.collect(settingsbase)

api.roles(
    api.dev('rob-madoles-macbook-pro'))

from sunset.collection import *

We should have this

mysite/
    __init__.py
    manage.py
    settings.py
    settingsbase.py
    urls.py

Kick Django off something like this

$ ./manage.py shell
Python 2.7 (r27:82500, Aug 16 2010, 15:13:20)
[GCC 4.2.1 (Apple Inc. build 5664)] on darwin
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
(InteractiveConsole)
>>>

Look again and you should see a settingslocal.py. It’s empty but a comment at the top to indicate you place your local settings here.

mysite/
    __init__.py
    manage.py
    settings.py
    settingsbase.py
    settingslocal.py
    urls.py

Since these settings are local to only your machine, you probably don’t want them in the repository. Add it to .gitignore or .hgignore or whatever equivalent ignore file you have.

Go ahead and make some changes in there, how about we change the database?

Edit settingslocal.py

DEBUG = True

DATABASES = {
    'default': {
        'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.sqlite3',
        'NAME': 'database.db',
    }
}

Run the Django shell again and inspect the value

$ ./manage.py shell
Python 2.7 (r27:82500, Aug 16 2010, 15:13:20)
[GCC 4.2.1 (Apple Inc. build 5664)] on darwin
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
(InteractiveConsole)
>>> from django.conf import settings
>>> print settings.DATABASES['default']['ENGINE']
django.db.backends.sqlite3
>>> print settings.DATABASES['default']['NAME']
database.db

Great, you have local settings now and you don’t have to touch the main settings.py file.

Base your local settings on a template

Let’s take what we have in the previous example and expand a bit on it. For our team we have quite a few settings and a template would be nicer to start with instead of an empty file.

Edit settings.py with the following contents

from sunset import api

import settingsbase
api.collect(settingsbase)

import settingsdev
api.dev_template(settingsdev)

api.roles(
    api.dev('rob-madoles-macbook-pro'))

from sunset.collection import *

We are adding this

import settingsdev
api.dev_template(settingsdev)

Create an empty file called settingsdev.py

touch settingsdev.py

Make the contents of settingsdev.py to this

DEBUG = True

DATABASES = {
    'default': {
        'ENGINE': 'django.db.backends.sqlite3',
        'NAME': 'database.db',
    }
}

FACEBOOK_APP_ID = ''
FACEBOOK_APP_SECRET = ''
FACEBOOK_API_KEY = ''

That works better, each developer will not have to repeat the same typing.

Remove your settingslocal.py so Django Sunset can recreate it for you.

rm settingslocal.py

And again load up the Django shell

$ ./manage.py shell
Python 2.7 (r27:82500, Aug 16 2010, 15:13:20)
[GCC 4.2.1 (Apple Inc. build 5664)] on darwin
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
(InteractiveConsole)

If you look at settingslocal.py now you’ll see the extra goodies.

Settings for deployment or production

Settings for developers are one thing, they change often and are not usually tracked in a VCS.

Servers are a different story. You usually control these pretty closely and change them seldom once they are running.

So for deployments the syntax is a bit different.

Create a directory called deployments and a file called web01.py

mkdir deployments
touch deployments/__init__.py
touch deploymnets/web01.py

Edit settings.py with the following contents

from sunset import api

import settingsbase
api.collect(settingsbase)

import settingsdev
api.dev_template(settingsdev)

from deployments import web01

api.roles(
    api.dev('rob-madoles-macbook-pro')
    api.deployment('web01', web01)
    )

from sunset.collection import *

Notice that the api.deployment constructor takes 2 arguments. The first is the partial hostname, the second is the module that will be added to the collection of settings if the hostname matches.

Now you can edit the web01.py file and change whatever settings you like.

As a bonus, it’s easy to impersonate a deployed server locally. Simply set your hostname as a deployment.

api.roles(
    #api.dev('rob-madoles-macbook-pro')
    api.deployment('rob-madoles-macbook-pro', web01)
    api.deployment('web01', web01)
    )

In the case that you have a deployment to the cloud and do not know the hostname that you code will be sitting in you can simply set the ignore_missing flag.

from sunset import api

import settingsbase
api.collect(settingsbase)

import settingsdev
api.dev_template(settingsdev)

from deployments import web01
from delpoyments import cloud

api.collect(cloud)

api.roles(
    api.dev('rob-madoles-macbook-pro'),
    api.deployment('web01', web01),
    ignore_missing=True)

from sunset.collection import *

Using one module for a group of settings

With Django Sunset you can separate your settings by hostname but there are still situations where this isn’t always the best method.

For example, let’s say one developer is responsible for setting up the Facebook API keys for the team. She’s gone into Facebook and spent the last half-hour making Applications and editing configurations.

Instead of emailing everyone their keys, app id’s and secrets she can create one module that houses them all.

Edit settings.py with the following contents

from sunset import api

import settingsbase
api.collect(settingsbase)

import settingsdev
api.collect(settingsdev)

from deployments import web01

from deployments import facebook
api.collect(facebook)

api.roles(
    api.dev('rob-madoles-macbook-pro')
    api.deployment('web01', web01)
    )

from sunset.collection import *

What we’ve added here is

from deployments import facebook
api.collect(facebook)

Now let’s create deployments/facebook.py with the following contents

from sunset.api import hostname_like

if hostname_like('rob-madoles-macbook-pro'):
    FACEBOOK_APP_ID = '13782914721428'
    FACEBOOK_APP_SECRET = 'asdfh8a7f8f2238a8s7d68f72'
    FACEBOOK_API_KEY = '8a7f79829f6a6ft0aygafkgsdaf86t4ugyagtf8'

if hostname_like('ted-jones-macbook-pro'):
    FACEBOOK_APP_ID = '8723849237428'
    FACEBOOK_APP_SECRET = '8ffa23jk4fa9f34af3498afhf4'
    FACEBOOK_API_KEY = '123h129318hf91uwhd1937g8163g817317gd817'

if hostname_like('web01', 'web02', 'web03'):
    FACEBOOK_APP_ID = '8723849237428'
    FACEBOOK_APP_SECRET = '8ffa23jk4fa9f34af3498afhf4'
    FACEBOOK_API_KEY = '123h129318hf91uwhd1937g8163g817317gd817'

So now this module performs the hostname matching internally instead of relying on the roles. Also notice how hostname_like can take multiple arguments where if any of the hostnames match the settings will be applied.

The developer still has the opportunity to override the settings from the facebook module in their own settingslocal. The order in which API calls happen within the settings module is preserved.

Questions and issues

Please enter issues in GitHub or you can email me directory robmadole@gmail.com.

News

0.3

Release data: 31-Mar-2011

  • Added ignore_missing keyword argument, will not complain about a hostname missing from the roles (thanks Travis Chase supercodepoet)

0.2

Release date: 24-Nov-2010

  • Updated documentation errors regarding dev templates (thanks Guntis Strazds)
  • Updated roles module to support running Django from within the project (again thanks to Guntis)
  • Python 2.7, 2.6, and 2.5 support

0.1

Release date: 05-Nov-2010

  • Initial release
Release History

Release History

0.3

This version

History Node

TODO: Figure out how to actually get changelog content.

Changelog content for this version goes here.

Donec et mollis dolor. Praesent et diam eget libero egestas mattis sit amet vitae augue. Nam tincidunt congue enim, ut porta lorem lacinia consectetur. Donec ut libero sed arcu vehicula ultricies a non tortor. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.

Show More

0.2

History Node

TODO: Figure out how to actually get changelog content.

Changelog content for this version goes here.

Donec et mollis dolor. Praesent et diam eget libero egestas mattis sit amet vitae augue. Nam tincidunt congue enim, ut porta lorem lacinia consectetur. Donec ut libero sed arcu vehicula ultricies a non tortor. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.

Show More

0.1

History Node

TODO: Figure out how to actually get changelog content.

Changelog content for this version goes here.

Donec et mollis dolor. Praesent et diam eget libero egestas mattis sit amet vitae augue. Nam tincidunt congue enim, ut porta lorem lacinia consectetur. Donec ut libero sed arcu vehicula ultricies a non tortor. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit.

Show More

Download Files

Download Files

TODO: Brief introduction on what you do with files - including link to relevant help section.

File Name & Checksum SHA256 Checksum Help Version File Type Upload Date
django-sunset-0.3.tar.gz (9.6 kB) Copy SHA256 Checksum SHA256 Source Mar 31, 2011

Supported By

WebFaction WebFaction Technical Writing Elastic Elastic Search Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Dyn Dyn DNS HPE HPE Development Sentry Sentry Error Logging CloudAMQP CloudAMQP RabbitMQ Heroku Heroku PaaS Kabu Creative Kabu Creative UX & Design Fastly Fastly CDN DigiCert DigiCert EV Certificate Rackspace Rackspace Cloud Servers DreamHost DreamHost Log Hosting