Skip to main content

Internationalization with flags of main languages, It lets easy to integrate the Django i18n in yours templates

Project description

Django Translation Flags

Build Status Maintainability codecov PyPI - Downloads PyPI - Version

This Django app provides integration for translation options in templates with some most common standard world languages. This is useful fow when you need to display language options in yours Django Apps.

Requirements

Django Translation Flags require Django Internationalization and localization properly configured. You can see more about these settings in https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.1/topics/i18n/

Basically you need to:

  1. Define a custom LANGUAGES list on settings.py with tuples, i.e:
from django.utils.translation import gettext_lazy as _

LANGUAGES = [
  ('de', _('German')),
  ('en', _('English')),
  ('pt-br', _('Brazilian Portuguese'))
]

Only languages listed in the LANGUAGES setting can be selected. This example restricts languages that are available for automatic selection to German, English and Brazilian Portuguese

  1. Add Middleware

To use LocaleMiddleware, add ‘django.middleware.locale.LocaleMiddleware’ to your MIDDLEWARE setting. Because middleware order matters, follow these guidelines:

  • Make sure it’s one of the first middleware installed.
  • It should come after SessionMiddleware, because LocaleMiddleware makes use of session data. And it should come before CommonMiddleware because CommonMiddleware needs an activated language in order to resolve the requested URL. If you use CacheMiddleware, put LocaleMiddleware after it.

For example, your MIDDLEWARE might look like this:

MIDDLEWARE = [
   'django.contrib.sessions.middleware.SessionMiddleware',
   'django.middleware.locale.LocaleMiddleware',
   'django.middleware.common.CommonMiddleware',
]
  1. Markup the text to translation:

The format of .po files is straightforward. Each .po file contains a small bit of metadata, such as the translation maintainer’s contact information, but the bulk of the file is a list of messages – simple mappings between translation strings and the actual translated text for the particular language.

For instance, if your Django app contained a translation string for the text “Welcome to my site.”, like so:

from django.utils.translation import gettext_lazy as _
_("Welcome to my site.")

…then django-admin makemessages will have created a .po file containing the following snippet – a message:

#: path/to/python/module.py:23
msgid "Welcome to my site."
msgstr ""
  1. Generate and compile it using the commands bellow:
  • The first step is to create a message file for a new language:
django-admin makemessages -l de -l en -l pt_BR
  • Compiling message files after creating your message file:
django-admin compilemessages

For more detailed information on how to create language files it is suggested to read the documentation: https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/2.1/topics/i18n/translation/#how-to-create-language-files

Install

Install from PyPI:

pip install django-translation-flags

Configuration

Add django-translation-flags to your list of INSTALLED_APPS in settings.py:

INSTALLED_APPS = [
    ...
    'django_translation_flags',
    ...
]

Add the Django Translation Flags URLs to urls.py:

from django.conf.urls import url, include

urlpatterns = [
    ...
    path('i18n/', include('django_translation_flags.urls')),
    ...
]

Inject the required meta tags in your base.html (or wherever your HTML <head> is defined):

{% load flags %}

<ul>
    {% languages %}
</ul>

By default it will show the rectangular icons, but you can change it to square:

{% load flags %}

<ul>
    {% languages 'square' %}
</ul>

Optionally you can set your custom class for HTML tags:

{% load flags %}

<ul>
    {% languages 'square' li_class='your-li-class' a_class='your-a-class' %}
</ul>

The languages template tags accept **kwargs to configure the class to HTML tags. So you can set the classes to these HTML tags:

li_class: Class to li tag (Default: empty)

a_class: Class to a tag (Default: empty)

The HTML structure is:

<li>
    <a>
        <span></span>
    </a>
</li>

How does it work?

The Django Translation Flags has a CSS file where all the most important languages flags are configured.

The avaliable flags are:

af: Afrikaans, ar: Arabic, az: Azerbaijani, de: German, en: English, en-au: Australian English, es: Spanish, es-ar: Argentinian Spanish, es-mx: Mexican Spanish, fr: French, hi: Hindi, hu: Hungarian, id: Indonesian, it: Italian, ja: Japanese, ko: Korean, nl: Dutch (Nederlands), pl: Polish, pt: Portuguese, pt-br: Brazilian Portuguese, ru: Russian, sv: Swedish, tr: Turkish, uk: Ukrainian, zh-cn: Simplified Chinese, zh-hans: Simplified Chinese and zh-hant: Traditional Chinese.

image5

The App get the language code from LANGUAGES on settings.py and then it concatenates the language codes with the name of the icon class and shows the correct flags..

See the all Django supported languages in module django.conf.locale.LANG_INFO LANG_INFO is a dictionary structure to provide meta information about languages.

Feedback

Feedback and pull requests are strongly encouraged and kindly appreciated (-:

Contributing

Python

  1. Clone the repository.
  2. Create a virtualenv with Python 3.6 or 3.7
  3. Active the virtualenv.
  4. Install the dependencies.
  5. Run the tests.
git clone https://github.com/silviolleite/django-translation-flags
cd django-translation-flags
python -m venv .venv
.venv/bin/activate
pip install -r requirements.txt
python runtests.py

Less to CSS

You will need of node and npm previously installed.

  1. Install the dependencies
  2. Run the gulp
  3. Edit the less files: /assets/less/
npm install
npm run build

Licensing

All files in this repository are distributed under the MIT license.

Project details


Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Files for django-translation-flags, version 1.0.6
Filename, size File type Python version Upload date Hashes
Filename, size django_translation_flags-1.0.6-py3-none-any.whl (159.5 kB) File type Wheel Python version py3 Upload date Hashes View hashes
Filename, size django-translation-flags-1.0.6.tar.gz (141.3 kB) File type Source Python version None Upload date Hashes View hashes

Supported by

Elastic Elastic Search Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Google Google BigQuery Sentry Sentry Error logging AWS AWS Cloud computing DataDog DataDog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN SignalFx SignalFx Supporter DigiCert DigiCert EV certificate StatusPage StatusPage Status page