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Automagically discover urls in a django application, similar to the Ruby on Rails Controller/Action/View implementation.

Project description

The django-url-framework will help you get your django applications done faster.

Join the chat at https://gitter.im/zeraien/django-url-framework

It automatically detects urls in a django application, similar to the way Ruby on Rails does it with the Controller-Action-View implementation.

Controllers are created in each django application with a predefined file naming scheme (foo_controller.py) and extending ActionController. The ActionController contains methods often used in a web context, and does common request-related processing.

Each application can have multiple controllers thus allowing for smaller classes in a larger application.

Each function not starting with an underscore becomes it's own action. By simply returning a dictionary from the action, it will be rendered with the template named using the controller/action.html naming scheme.

Each action and controller can override certain global settings such as using a custom template name or giving the action (or controller) a custom name.

Install

From pypi:

pip install django-url-framework

Alternatively just check out the source here and run python setup.py install

Add to your project

settings.py

INSTALLED_APPS = (
  ...,
  'django_url_framework',
  ...
)

urls.py

import django_url_framework
from django.conf import settings
from django.conf.urls import patterns, include

django_url_framework.site.autodiscover(settings.INSTALLED_APPS)

urlpatterns = patterns('',
    (r'^', include(django_url_framework.site.urls) ),
)

Example

Folder structure

project/
  app/
      cart_controller.py
      foo_controller.py
      templates/
           cart/
              add.html
              index.html
              remove.html
           foo/
              bar.html

cart_controller.py & foo_controller.py

from django_url_framework.controller import ActionController

class CartController(ActionController):
    def edit(self, request, id = None):
        return {}
    def remove(self, request, id):
        return {}
    def index(self, request):
      return {}
from django_url_framework.controller import ActionController

class FooController(ActionController):
    def index(self, request, object_id = None):
        return {}
    def bar(self, request):
        return {}
    def bar__delete(self, request):
        return {}

Result

The following URLs will be created:

/cart/ <- will go to *index action*
/cart/(\w+)/
/cart/edit/
/cart/edit/(\w+)/
/cart/remove/(\w+)/
/foo/
/foo/(\w+)/
/foo/bar/
/foo/bar/delete/

You can easily access your URLs using django's built-in {% url ... %} tag. Simply call {% url cart_index %} or {% url cart_delete id %} and it will work as you would expect.

There is also a helper tag for faster linking within the same controller. {% go_action remove %} will take you to /cart/remove/. To use it, {% load url_framework %} in your templates.

Controller names

The controller name is derived from it's class name, by converting camelcase into underscores. For instance FooController is simple foo, while FooBarController becomes foo_bar.

You can give the controller a custom name with the controller_name parameter:

class Controller(ActionController):
  controller_name = "foo"

Template filenames

By default templates are stored in the subdirectory with the controller's name, and the templates are given the same filename as the action name. If a request is determinned to be AJAX in nature, the template filename is prefixed with an underscore. Example:

class FooController(ActionController):
    def foo_action(self, request):
      return {}

File structure:

/foo/foo_action.html
/foo/_foo_action.html <--- for AJAX requests.

You can disable this prefixing on a per action or per controller level.

For all actions in a controller:

class FooController(ActionController):
    no_ajax_prefix = True

For a single action:

from django_url_framework.decorators.action_options
class FooController(ActionController):
    @no_ajax_prefix
    def foo_action(self, request):
      return {}

Action names

class FooController(ActionController):
    def action(self, request):
      return {}

Creates the following URL:

/controller/action/

Double underscores __ in action names are converted to slashes in the urlconf, so: action__name becomes /action/name/.

class Controller(ActionController):
    def action__foo(self, request):
      return {}

Creates the following URL:

/controller/action/foo/

Decorate to name

You can also decorate functions to give them different names and prefixes and urls. See decorator package for more details, here is an example:

@action_options.name("foo")
@action_options.prefix("prefix_")
def bar(self, request):
  return {}

will result in:

/controller/prefix_foo/

The action will now have the template /controller/foo.html. Prefixes do not affect template naming.

Action parameters

Providing a third parameter to an action will create a URLconf for that parameter, like so:

def action(self, request, object_id):
    return {}

Will allow you to call that action with:

/controller/action/(\w+)/ <--- parameter consisting of A-Za-z0-9_

If you make the argument optional, an additional URLconf entry is created allowing you to call the action without the third argument.

def action(self, request, object_id = None):
    return {}

Results in:

/controller/action/
/controller/action/(\w+)/  <--- optional argument consisting of A-Za-z0-9_

Decorate for custom parameters

You can also create your own custom parameters by using the @url_parameters decorator to the function.

from django_url_framework.decorators.action_options import url_paramters
class Controller(ActionController):
    @url_parameters(r'(?P<year>\d{4})/(?P<month>\d\d)')
    def action(self, request, year, month):
        ...
        return {}

The above will create the following url patterns:

/controller/action/(?P<year>\d{4})/(?P<month>\d\d)

Note the lack of trailing slash - you must provide this yourself.

Custom url for any action

You can write your own urlconf for each action, by decorating it with @urlconf.

from django_url_framework.decorators.action_options import urlconf
class Controller(ActionController):
    @action_options.urlconf([
            r'^bar/(?P<year>\d{4})/$',
            r'^bar/(?P<year>\d{4})/(?P<month>\d\d)/$',
            r'^foo/(?P<year>\d{4})/(?P<month>\d\d)/(?P<day>\d\d)/$'
        ],
        do_not_autogenerate=True)
    def action(self, request, year, month=None, day=None):
        ...
        return {}

The above will create the following url patterns:

/controller/bar/(?P<year>\d{4})/
/controller/bar/(?P<year>\d{4})/(?P<month>\d\d)/$
/controller/foo/(?P<year>\d{4})/(?P<month>\d\d)/(?P<day>\d\d)/$

The do_not_autogenerate argument is true by default and will prevent any urls for this action from being autogenerated. If do_not_autogenerate were to be set to false in the example below, the following url would also be created:

/controller/action/

This URL would not actually work since the year argument is required the action function.

Flash messages

The ActionController also has a _flash instance variable that allows you to send messages to the user that can survive a redirect. Simply use

self._flash.append("Message")

self._flash.error("Error message")

The flash messages can be either messages or error messages. The flash object is automatically exported into the context and you can use it as such:

{% if flash.has_messages %}
  {% for message in flash.get_and_clear %}

      {% if message.is_error %}<span class='icon-error'></span>{% endif %}

      <p class="{{message.type}}">{{message}}</p>
      
  {% endfor %}
{% endif }

Before and After each action

You can override _before_filter and/or _after_filter to perform certain actions and checks before or after an action. Read more in ActionController docs.

These methods accept the "request" parameter which is an HTTP request object for this request.

class AccountController(ActionController):

    def _before_filter(self, request):
        campaign_id = request.GET.get("campaign_id")
        try:
          self._campaign = Campaign.objects.get(pk=campaign_id)
        except Campaign.DoesNotExist:
          self._campaign = None

You can disable the before and after filters by decorating any action with the @disable_filters decorator.

Example:

from django_url_framework.decorators.action_options import disable_filters
@disable_filters
def action(self, request):
  return {}

One of the great features of django url framework is that you can require login for all actions in a controller by simply decorating the before_filter with a decorator to require logging in, see next section!

Authentication

To require login on an action use the @login_required decorator provided by django-url-framework. The decorator also works on _before_filter.

from django_url_framework.decorators import login_required
class AccountController(ActionController):

    @login_required
    def action(self, request):
        return {}

If the user isn’t logged in, redirect to settings.LOGIN_URL, passing the current absolute path in the query string. Example: /accounts/login/?next=/polls/3/. login_required() also takes an optional login_url parameter. Example:

from django_url_framework.decorators import login_required
class AccountController(ActionController):

    @login_required(login_url="/login/")
    def action(self, request):
        return {}

By default, the path that the user should be redirected to upon successful authentication is stored in a query string parameter called "next". If you would prefer to use a different name for this parameter, login_required() takes an optional redirect_field_name parameter.

Additionally you can use @superuser_required, @permission_required(permission_instance) and @must_be_member_of_group(group_name="some_group").

Only POST? (or GET or anything...)

You can limit what http methods a function can be called with.

The example below limits the update action to only POST and DELETE http methods.

from django_url_framework.decorators import http_methods
class Controller(ActionController):
    @http_methods.POST
    @http_methods.DELETE
    def update(self, request):
        return {}

By default all actions can be called with all http methods.

Custom template extensions

When using jade or something similar you can specify a custom extension for all templates in the controller.

class FooController(ActionController):
    #custom extension for all templates in this controller
    template_extension = "jade"

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