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A reusable app to graceously handle files that your users might upload, such as profile pictures, foto albums etc...

Project description

Django User Media

Almost all modern web apps allow their users to upload content such as audio,
video or images. This raises a number of issues if that content should not be
visible to the whole world by default.

If you have a UserProfile model and add an ImageField to it, you need to
come up with a good idea on how to save those images. It is probably not a good
idea to keep the original filenames as they might disturb your server's file
system and open doors for hackers, who might try to brute-force against your
``/media/user_profiles/`` in the hope to steal some valuable files.

Since it seems inevitable to implement a function for Django's FileField's
``upload_to`` attribute I thought that this might be a candidate for a reusable

**This project is experimental**. We are using it on two completely different
live projects and will hopefully come up with an implementation that is so
generic that it can safely be used by anyone.

Since we are dealing with files here and not only with a database, backwards
incompatible changes might turn out to be a pain in the ass to deploy on your
production sites. You have been warned.


You need at least the following packages in your virtualenv:

* Django 1.4
* South

TODO: Test if this really is all we need


To get the latest stable release from PyPi::

$ pip install django-user-media

To get the latest commit from GitHub::

$ pip install -e git://

Add the app to your ``INSTALLED_APPS``::


Hook the app into your main ````::

urlpatterns += patterns('',
url(r'^umedia/', include('user_media.urls')),

Run the south migrations to create the app's database tables::

$ ./ migrate user_media


Add generic relation

Let's assume that you have a ``UserProfile`` model and you want to add an
``avatar`` field to that model.

First you might want to add a ``GenericRelation`` to your ``UserProfile``

from django.contrib.contenttypes import generic

class UserProfile(models.Model):
user = models.ForeignKey('auth.User')

avatar = generic.GenericRelation(

Add property

Now you will be able to get all uploaded images that belong to a
``UserProfile`` by doing this::

profile = UserProfile.objects.get(pk=1)
images = profile.avatar.all()

It makes sense to add a convenience method to your ``UserProfile`` model::

class UserProfile(models.Model):
def avatar(self):
return self.avatar.all()[0]
except IndexError:
return None

Add link to update form

In your templates you can now provide a link to the image creation view like
this (assuming that your ``UserProfile`` object is called ``object`` in the
template's context)::

{% load url from future %}
<a href="{% url "user_media_image_create" content_type="userprofile" %}">Upload your picture</a>

Note that ``userprofile`` is the model name that the ``ContentType`` of your
``UserProfile`` model would return. You can figure this out with ``./
shell`` for example::

$ ./ shell
In [1]: from django.contrib.contenttypes.models import ContentType
In [2]: from your_app.models import UserProfile
In [3]: ContentType.objects.get_for_model(UserProfile).model
Out [1]: u'userprofile'

When visiting that link, the user will see an image upload form. You might
want to override that template (``user_media/usermediaimage_form.html``).

After uploading the image the view should redirect back to the absolute url
of your ``UserProfile``. If you want to redirect to another URL, you can
provide a ``next`` URL parameter via POST or GET::

<a href="{% url "user_media_image_create" content_type="userprofile" %}?next=/foo/bar">Upload your picture</a>

Display images

Now you should have all building blocks that you need to add links or buttons
to your templates that call the views of this application. On your
``UserProfile`` detail view you could display the avatar, if available::

{% if object.avatar %}
<img src="{{ MEDIA_URL }}{{ object.avatar.image }}" />
{% endif %}

Delete and edit images

Or in your ``UserProfile`` update view you could display a link to upload a
new image or to delete the existing image::

{% if form.instance.get_avatar %}
<p><img src="{{ MEDIA_URL }}{{ form.instance.avatar.image }}" /></p>
<a href="{% url "user_media_image_delete" %}">Delete picture</a>
{% else %}
<a href="{% url "user_media_image_create" content_type="userprofile" %}">Add profile picture</a>
{% endif %}

The delete link in this example will render the
``user_media/usermediaimage_confirm_delete.html`` template, which you might
want to override in your project.

A link for editing an existing image would look like this::

<a href="{% url "user_media_image_edit" %}">Edit picture</a>

Upload from your own model form

Often you might not want to provide a dedicated form for uploading images but
you might want to have an image field right on the model form of your content
object. In this case you can inherit from `UserMediaImageFormMixin`::

from django import forms
from user_media.forms import UserMediaImageFormMixin
from yourapp.models import UserProfile

class UserProfileForm(UserMediaImageFormMixin, forms.ModelForm):
image_label = _('Image')
require_user_media_image = False

# your form implementation

The mixin will dynamically add a `forms.ImageField` with the name
`user_media_image` to your form. You can control the label of that field by
setting the `image_label` attribute on your form class. You can also make the
field mandatory by setting the `require_user_media_image` attribute to `True`.

AJAX calls

You might want to call the ``CreateImageView`` from an AJAX call, i.e. when
displaying the form in a jQuery modal. To make life easier the view will
return a different template when the request is an AJAX call.

The names of the alternative templates are
``user_media/partials/ajax_usermediaimage_form.html`` and

Make sure to add a user field to the object::

user = models.ForeignKey(

Alternatively you can add a function called ``user_can_edit``:

def user_can_edit(self, user):
Function, which returns True if the user is allowed edit the instance.

if user in self.users.all():
return True
return False

AJAX multi image upload

If you want to upload multiple images at once, only prepare the following


Then add styles and jQuery scripts. We've used blueimp's file upload, so you
make it work by adding jQuery & jQuery-UI plus the scripts in::


Now include the form::

{% include "user_media/partials/image_upload.html" with object=request.user.get_profile maximum='5' mode="multiple" c_type="profile" %}

You can limit the maximum upload by using the following setting::


AJAX single image upload

You can also combine single and multiple uploads. Just use the templates and
add the wanted variables::

{% include "user_media/partials/image_upload.html" with object=request.user.get_profile field='logo' mode="single" show_main_thumb="True" %}

jQuery image cropping

You can easily add a frontend image cropping. First of all, add a new thumbnail
processor ``user_media.processors.crop_box``::


Then add the cropping template and the relevant js libraries::

{% include "user_media/partials/crop.html" %}

<script src="{% static "django_libs/js/getcookie.js" %}"></script>
<script src="{% static "user_media/js/libs/jquery.Jcrop.js" %}"></script>

You can modify the settings by overwriting the input fields in ``crop.html``.

Check out:

Now, if a user clicks on ``Select another cutout``, the original image will be
pushed into the crop area, where the user is able to select a frame. If she
then saves the cropped area, the coordinates will be saved to the
``UserMediaImage`` instance.

By using the new thumbnail processor it's easy to use this coordinates to
generate thumbnails::

{% thumbnail image.image image.small_size box=image.box_coordinates %}



Default: (95, 95)

Size of the small auto-generated thumbnails, which are processed after


Default: (150, 150)

Size of the large auto-generated thumbnails, which are processed after


Default: 3

Amount of images to be uploaded at a maximum.


If you want to contribute to this project, please perform the following steps::

# Fork this repository
# Clone your fork
$ mkvirtualenv -p python2.7 django-user-media
$ pip install -r requirements.txt

$ git co -b feature_branch master
# Implement your feature and tests
$ git add . && git commit
$ git push -u origin feature_branch
# Send us a pull request for your feature branch


If you want to contribute to this project you can run the tests without setting
up a Django project. Just clone this repository and execute the

$ ./user_media/tests/

Sometimes a new feature needs new South migrations, in this case you should
do the following::

$ rm db.sqlite
$ ./ syncdb --migrate
$ ./ schemamigration user_media --auto


If you have questions or issues, please open an issue on GitHub.

If we don't react quickly, please don't hesitate to ping me on Twitter
(`@mbrochh <>`_)

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