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Image validation (for the Django Admin) as a breeze. Validations on: Size, Dimensions, Format and Aspect Ratio.

Project Description

image django-vimage

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Django Image validation for the Django Admin as a breeze. Validations on: Size, Dimensions, Format and Aspect Ratio.

Because, I love to look for the origin of a word/band/place/something, this package name comes from the word validate and (you guessed it) image. Thus, django-vimage. Nothing more, nothing less :)

This package was created due to lack of similar Django packages that do image validation. I searched for this but found nothing. So, I decided to create a reusable Django package that will do image validation in a simple manner. Just declare some ImageFields and the rules to apply to them in a simple Python dictionary. Firstly, I wrote the blueprint on a piece of paper and then I, gradually, ported it to Django/Python code.

Documentation

The full documentation is at https://django-vimage.readthedocs.io.

Quickstart

Install django-vimage :

pip install django-vimage

Add it to your INSTALLED_APPS :

INSTALLED_APPS = (
    ...
    'vimage.apps.VimageConfig',
    ...
)

Finally, add the VIMAGE dict configuration somewhere in your settings file :

VIMAGE = {
    'my_app.models': {
        'DIMENSIONS': (200, 200),
        'SIZE': {'lt': 100},
    }
}

The above VIMAGE setting sets the rules for all Django ImageField fields under the my_app app. More particular, all ImageFields should be 200 x 200px and less than 100KB. Any image than violates any of the above rules, a nice-looking error message will be shown (translated accordingly) in the Django admin page.

A full example of possible key:value pairs is shown below. Note that the following code block is not suitable for copy-paste into your settings file since it contains duplicate dict keys. It's just for demonstration.

VIMAGE = {
    # Possible keys are:
    # 'app.models'  # to all ImageFields inside this app
    # 'app.models.MyModel'  # to all ImageFields inside MyModel
    # 'app.models.MyModel.field'  # only to this ImageField

    # Example of applying validation rules to all images across
    # all models of myapp app
    'myapp.models': {
        # rules
    },

    # Example of applying validation rules to all images across
    # a specific model
    'myapp.models.MyModel': {
        # rules
    },

    # Example of applying validation rules to a
    # specific ImageField field
    'myapp.models.MyModel.img': {
        # rules
    },

    # RULES
    'myapp.models': {

        # By size (measured in KB)

        # Should equal to 100KB
        'SIZE': 100,  # defaults to eq (==)

        # (100KB <= image_size <= 200KB) AND not equal to 150KB
        'SIZE': {
            'gte': 100,
            'lte': 200,
            'ne': 150,
        },

        # Custom error message
        'SIZE': {
            'gte': 100,
            'lte': 200,
            'err': 'Your own error message instead of the default.'
                   'Supports <strong>html</strong> tags too!',
        },


        # By dimensions (measured in px)
        # Should equal to 1200x700px (width x height)
        'DIMENSIONS': (1200, 700),  # defaults to eq (==)

        # Should equal to one of these sizes 1000x300px or 1500x350px
        'DIMENSIONS': [(1000, 300), (1500, 350)],

        # Should be 1000x300 <= image_dimensions <= 2000x500px
        'DIMENSIONS': {
            'gte': (1000, 300),
            'lte': (2000, 500),
        },

        # width must be >= 30px and less than 60px
        # height must be less than 90px and not equal to 40px
        'DIMENSIONS': {
            'w': {
                'gt': 30,
                'lt': 60,
            },
            'h': {
                'lt': 90,
                'ne': 40,
            }
        },


        # By format (jpeg, png, tiff etc)
        # Uploaded image should be JPEG
        'FORMAT': 'jpeg',

        # Uploaded image should be one of the following
        'FORMAT': ['jpeg', 'png', 'gif'],

        # Uploaded image should not be a GIF
        'FORMAT': {
            'ne': 'gif',
        },

        # Uploaded image should be neither a GIF nor a PNG
        'FORMAT': {
            'ne': ['gif', 'png'],
            'err': 'Wrong image <em>format</em>!'
        },
    }
}

Features

  • An image may be validated against it's size (KB), dimensions (px), format (jpeg, png etc) and aspect ratio (width/height ratio).

  • Well formatted error messages. They have the form of:

    [IMAGE RULE_NAME] Validation error: image_value does not meet validation rule: rule.

  • Humanized error messages. All rules and image values are humanized:

    • 'SIZE': {'gte': 100} becomes greater than or equal to 100KB when rendered

    • 'DIMENSIONS': {'ne': (100, 100)} becomes not equal to 100 x 100px when rendered

  • Overridable error messages. The default error messages may be overridden by defining an err key inside the validation rules:

    'SIZE': {'gte': 100, 'err': 'Custom error'} becomes Custom error when rendered

  • HTML-safe (custom) error messages. All error messages (the default or your own) are passed through the function mark_safe.

  • Cascading validation rules. It's possible to define a generic rule to some ImageField fields of an app and then define another set of rules to a specific ImageField field. Common rules will override the generic ones and any new rules will be added to the specific ImageField field:

    myapp.models: {
        'SIZE': {
            'lt': 120,
        },
        'FORMAT': 'jpeg',
        'DIMENSIONS': {
            'lt': (500, 600),
        }
     },
     myapp.models.MyModel.img: {
        'DIMENSIONS': (1000, 500),
     },
    

    In the example above (the order does not matter), all ImageFields should be less than 120KB, JPEG images and less than 500 x 600px. However, the myapp.models.MyModel.img field should be less than 120KB, JPEG image and equal to 1000 x 500px.

Running Tests

Does the code actually work?

source <YOURVIRTUALENV>/bin/activate
(myenv) $ pip install tox
(myenv) $ tox

Future additions

  • Validation of image mode (whether the uploaded image is in indexed mode, greyscale mode etc) based on image's mode. This is quite easy to implement but rather a rare validation requirement. Thus, it'll be implemented if users want to validate the mode of the image (which again, it's rare for the web).
  • If you think of any other validation (apart from svg) that may be applied to an image and it's not included in this package, please feel free to submit an issue or a PR.

Credits

Tools used in rendering this package:

Release history Release notifications

This version
History Node

1.0.1

History Node

1.0.0

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django_vimage-1.0.1-py3-none-any.whl (22.3 kB) Copy SHA256 hash SHA256 Wheel py3 Apr 17, 2018
django-vimage-1.0.1.tar.gz (25.9 kB) Copy SHA256 hash SHA256 Source None Apr 17, 2018

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