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Django tools from WITH

Project description

Django Wools

Django tools from WITH.

That's a collection of things that we at WITH got tired of copy/pasting in every project.

Install

pip install django_wools

Included Wools

Storage

django_wools.storage.GzipManifestStaticFilesStorage

That's a sub-class of the ManifestStaticFilesStorage but that makes sure that along with all the files comes a .gz version which is easy to pick up for nginx (or other static files server).

Middlewares

django_wools.middlewares.NowMiddleware

Suppose that you have a content that is available up until a given date. When the date is passed then everything related to this content expires. However, in order to do this, you're probably going to make several request, possibly in loosely connected parts of your code. In those cases, when looking at the time, the clock will show different value as the time passes between calls. It means that you could very well end up with one half of your code considering that the object is still valid but the other half that it expired.

In order to prevent this, the simplest is to consider that the time is fixed and that the code executes instantly at the moment of the request. The goal of this middleware is to save the current time at each request and then to provide an easy way to get the current time through the request.

If the middleware is activated, you should be able to get the time like this:

from time import sleep
from django.shortcuts import render

def my_view(request):
    print(f"Now is {request.now()}")
    sleep(42)
    print(f"Now is still {request.now()}")

    return render(request, "something.html", {"now": request.now()})

django_wools.middlewares.SlowMiddleware

When developing a SPA or hybrid app, you want to make sure that the app is structurally ready to handle load times from the server, even if the connection is a bit shaky. Also, you want to make sure that not too many requests are sent.

In order for you to fully realize how slow your website is going to be on a bad connection, th e SlowMiddleware will automatically add a delay before replying to each request.

Add this to your settings.py

MIDDLEWARE = [
    # ...
    "django_wools.middlewares.SlowMiddleware",
]

SLOW_MIDDLEWARE_LATENCY = 1 if DEBUG else 0

By doing this, your requests will be added a 1s delay if the DEBUG mode is enabled.

Database

django_wools.db.require_lock

Provides a way to explicitly generate a PostgreSQL lock on a table.

By example:

from django.db.transaction import atomic
from django_wools.db import require_lock

from my_app.models import MyModel


@atomic
@require_lock(MyModel, 'ACCESS EXCLUSIVE')
def myview(request):
    # do stuff here

Wagtail Images

Several Wagtail-specific tags are provided to deal with images and more specifically responsive images. To use it:

  1. Add django_wools to INSTALLED_APPS
  2. Import wools_for_wt_images from your template
{% load wools_for_wt_images %}

Some specific settings can be set:

  • WOOLS_MAX_PIXEL_RATIO (default: 3) — Highest device pixel ratio to support.
  • WOOLS_INCREMENT_STEP_PERCENT (default: (sqrt(2) - 1) * 100) — The percentage of increase from the base density to the next one. The default values will generate x1, x2 and x4 with intermediate values that are x1.4142 and x2.8284.

All the tags will be default generate WebP images with a PNG fallback. The fallback can be changed to JPEG and the main format has to be WebP.

image_fixed_size

This tag will generate a <picture> tag for an image whose size in pixels you known in advance. That picture size will be enforced in the HTML code with inline properties.

Usage:

{% image_fixed_size max-500x500 %}

The arguments to this tag, in order, are:

  • image — The Wagtail-compatible image itself
  • spec — A spec like you would give to Wagtail (fill-500x500, max-500x500, etc)
  • css_class — CSS class that will be added to the root element.
  • fallback_format — The format to fallback in case the browser doesn't support WebP. Can either be "jpeg" or "png". Defaults to "png".
  • lossless — A boolean to enable losslessness of WebP. This does not affect the fallback format, so if you want a lossless fallback as well you'll need to use PNG.

Fonts

Wools offers a way to easily download and manage fonts from Google fonts or other pluggable providers. The current version only works with Google fonts, however you are free to create your own sources and converters that will be able to work out what you need.

Getting started

The first thing would be to put the font families that you want into the settings.py of your project. By example:

WOOLS_FONTS_FAMILIES = [
    ('google', 'Roboto'),
    ('google', 'Nunito'),
]

Here we're getting Roboto and Nunito from Google Fonts.

Note — Please make sure that django_wools is in your INSTALLED_APPS for this to work.

Now let's run the download command:

./manage.py wools_import_fonts

And finally, let's put this tag in your page's HTML:

{% load wools_fonts %}

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html class="no-js" lang="{{ CURRENT_LANG }}">
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1" />

    <title>{{ title }}</title>

    {% fonts_head %}
</head>
</html>

And that's it! The fonts you asked for will be loaded automatically.

Configuration options

There is several settings that you can adjust.

WOOLS_FONTS_DIR

Directory name relative to the static root where the files will be stored.

Default: "fonts"

WOOLS_STATIC_ROOT

Absolute path to the static root that you want to use to store the fonts. If set to none, the first value from STATICFILES_DIRS will be used instead.

Default: None

WOOLS_FAMILIES

Font families that you want to load. It's a list of (provider, family) tuples.

Instead of providing tuples, you can provide django_wools.settings_types.FontFamily instances directly. In case you don't provide them, the tuple will be passed as *args to the constructor of FontFamily.

Default: []

WOOLS_FONTS_PROVIDERS

Dictionary of available font providers. The key is the name of the provider while the value is the FQN of the class.

If you want to provide your own provider, you can specifcy any class as long as it implements the django_wools.fonts.WoolFontProvider interface.

Default: {"google": "django_wools.fonts.GoogleFontsProvider"}

WOOLS_FONTS_FORMATS

List of font formats that you want. Choices are ttf, woff, woff2, eot, svg, otf. You can also directly provide instances of django_wools.settings_types.FontFormat.

Font formats will be proposed in the same order to the browser.

Default: [FontFormat.woff2, FontFormat.ttf]

WOOLS_FONTS_CONVERSIONS

Font sources will provide the fonts in a given format (most likely TTF) but in order to produce the formats expected by WOOLS_FONTS_FORMATS you need to convert those fonts.

This is a dictionary that as key takes a tuple of (from_format, to_format) and as value a sequential list of converters to use.

By example, suppose that you only have "TTF to WOFF2" and "EOT to TTF" avaible and your source is in EOT while formats are TTF and WOFF2. In that case you can specificy that the conversion from "EOT to WOFF2" goes through TTF.

Default:

{
    (FontFormat.ttf, FontFormat.woff): ["django_wools.fonts.TtfToWoff"],
    (FontFormat.ttf, FontFormat.woff2): ["django_wools.fonts.TtfToWoff2"],
}

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