Build Single Page Applications using the Django-CMS plugin system
The Swiss army knife for working with Django-CMS plugins.
Why Use DjangoCMS-Cascade?
DjangoCMS-Cascade is a collection of plugins for Django-CMS placeholders. Instead of creating one database model for each CMS plugin, Cascade shares one database model for all of them. The payload then is stored inside a JSON field instead of declaring each attribute explicitly. This furthermore prevents us to handle all kind of nasty database migration problems.
Version 2.0 (released 2021-02-02)
Version 2.0 only supports Django versions 3.1 and higher.
Backward compatibility had to be dropped, because version 2.0 now fully supports the native internal
JSONField as offered by Django version 3.1. It hence is not possible to run a version of Cascade
which can switch between those field types.
From a functional point of view, there is no difference to version 1.3.7.
After upgrading, run
./manage.py migrate cmsplugin_cascade. It will rewrite the field type of
JSONFields to Django's internal
JSONField without modifying its content. For safety reasons,
it is highly recommended to backup the database before migrating.
Perfect for nested grid systems
Since Cascade keeps track on the widths of all columns,
<picture> elements can
be rendered in a responsive way, so that the browser only loads the image required for the visible
Extend plugins with additional features
Using a JSON field to store the payload gives us much more flexibility. We can for instance enrich our plugins with additional attributes, configured during runtime. This can be used to optionally share attributes across different plugins (referenced by an alias name), add CSS classes and styles, or offer alternative rendering templates.
Set links onto your own views
Another nice aspect of this approach is, that we can override the functionality used to set links onto pages which are not part of the CMS. This is specially useful, since we do not want to re-implement this functionality for all plugins, which require links, ie. images, pictures, buttons and text-links.
Copy content and paste it somewhere else
Since the payload of plugins is already serialized, we can even copy them from one site to another site supporting djangocms-cascade.
Find detailed documentation on ReadTheDocs.
Please see the Release Notes before upgrading from an older version.
DjangoCMS-Cascade is very modular, keeping its CMS modules in functional groups. These groups
have to be activated independently in the project's
settings.py. It also is possible to activate only
certain plugins out of a group. Currently there are two such groups,
cmsplugin_cascade.bootstrap4, but this list could be extended by say, Foundation,
Angular Material or whatever other CSS framework you prefer.
Each Cascade plugin can be styled individually. The site-administrator can specify which CSS styles and CSS classes can be added to each plugin. Then the page-editor can pick one of the allowed styles to adopt his elements accordingly.
Reuse your data
Each Cascade plugin can be configured by the site-administrator to share some or all of its data fields. This for instance is handy, to keep references onto external URLs in a central place. Or is can be used to resize all images sharing a cetrain property in one go.
Segment the DOM
It is even possible to group plugins into seperate evaluation contexts. This for instance is used to render different Plugins, depending on whether a user is authenticated or anonymous.
In modern web development, images must adopt to the column width in which they are rendered.
<img ...> tag, in addition to the well known
src attribute, also accepts
srcset's, one for each media query. Here djangocms-cascade calculates the
required widths for each image, depending on the current column layout considering all media
This is also implemented for the
<picture> element with all of it's children, normally
It also supports resolutions of more than one physical pixel per logical pixel as found in Retina displays.
- Use the scaffolding technique from the preferred CSS framework to subdivide a placeholder into a grid system.
- Make full usage of responsive techniques, by allowing stacked to horizontal classes per element.
- Use styled buttons to add links.
- Wrap special content into a Jumbotron or a Carousel.
<picture>elements in a responsive way, so that more than one image URL points onto the resized sources, one for each viewport using the
srcsettags or the
- Use segmentation to conditionally render parts of the DOM.
- Temporarily hide a plugin to show up in the DOM.
- Upload an self composed font from Fontello and use it's icon in plain text or as framed eye catchers.
- It is very easy to integrate additional elements from the preferred CSS framework. For instance, implementing the Bootstrap Carousel, requires only 50 lines of Python code and two simple Django templates.
- Since all the data is stored in JSON, no database migration is required if a field is added, modified or removed from the plugin.
- Currently Bootstrap-3 and Bootstrap-4 is supported, but other CSS frameworks can be easily added in a pluggable manner.
- It follows the "batteries included" philosophy, but still remains very modular.
In addition to easily implement any kind of plugin, DjangoCMS-Cascade makes it possible to add reusable helpers. Such a helper enriches a plugin with an additional, configurable functionality:
- By making some of the plugin fields sharable, one can reuse these values for other plugins of the same kind. This for instance is handy for the image and picture plugin, so that images always are resized to predefined values.
- By allowing extra fields, one can add an optional
idtag, CSS classes and inline styles. This is configurable on a plugin and site base.
- It is possible to customize the rendering templates shipped with the plugins.
- Since all data is JSON, you can dump the content of one placeholder and insert it into another one, even on a foreign site. This for instance is useful to transfer pages from the staging site to production.
If someone wants to start a subproject for a CSS framework, other than Bootstrap-3/4.
If you are a native English speaker, please check the documentation for spelling mistakes and grammar, since English is not my mother tongue.
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