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A common message module

Project description

Dao Ke Dao (道可道) -- Message Module (Python)

license Version PRs Welcome Platform

This document introduces a common Message Module for decentralized instant messaging.

Copyright © 2018-2019 Albert Moky

0. Envelope

Message Envelope

/* example */
{
    "sender"   : "moki@4WDfe3zZ4T7opFSi3iDAKiuTnUHjxmXekk",
    "receiver" : "hulk@4YeVEN3aUnvC1DNUufCq1bs9zoBSJTzVEj",
    "time"     : 1545405083
}

1. Content

/* example */
{
    "type"     : 0x01,      // message type
    "sn"       : 412968873, // serial number (message ID in conversation)

    "text"     : "Hey guy!"
}

Message Content Type

class ContentType(IntEnum):

    Unknown = 0x00

    Text = 0x01        # 0000 0001

    File = 0x10        # 0001 0000
    Image = 0x12       # 0001 0010
    Audio = 0x14       # 0001 0100
    Video = 0x16       # 0001 0110

    Page = 0x20        # 0010 0000

    # quote a message before and reply it with text
    Quote = 0x37       # 0011 0111

    Money = 0x40       # 0100 0000
    # LuckyMoney = 0x41  # 0100 0001
    # Transfer = 0x42    # 0100 0010

    Command = 0x88     # 1000 1000
    History = 0x89     # 1000 1001 (Entity history command)

    # top-secret message forward by proxy (Service Provider)
    Forward = 0xFF  # 1111 1111

2. Message

When the user want to send out a message, the client needs TWO steps before sending it:

  1. Encrypt the Instant Message to Secure Message;
  2. Sign the Secure Message to Reliable Message.

Accordingly, when the client received a message, it needs TWO steps to extract the content:

  1. Verify the Reliable Message to Secure Message;
  2. Decrypt the Secure Message to Instant Message.
    Message Transforming
    ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

    Instant Message  <-->  Secure Message  <-->  Reliable Message
    +-------------+        +------------+        +--------------+
    |  sender     |        |  sender    |        |  sender      |
    |  receiver   |        |  receiver  |        |  receiver    |
    |  time       |        |  time      |        |  time        |
    |             |        |            |        |              |
    |  content    |        |  data      |        |  data        |
    +-------------+        |  key/keys  |        |  key/keys    |
                           +------------+        |  signature   |
                                                 +--------------+
    Algorithm:
        data      = password.encrypt(content)
        key       = receiver.public_key.encrypt(password)
        signature = sender.private_key.sign(data)

Instant Message

/* example */
{
    //-------- head (envelope) --------
    "sender"   : "moki@4WDfe3zZ4T7opFSi3iDAKiuTnUHjxmXekk",
    "receiver" : "hulk@4YeVEN3aUnvC1DNUufCq1bs9zoBSJTzVEj",
    "time"     : 1545405083,

    //-------- body (content) ---------
    "content"  : {
        "type" : 0x01,      // message type
        "sn"   : 412968873, // serial number (ID)
        "text" : "Hey guy!"
    }
}

content -> JsON string: {"sn":412968873,"text":"Hey guy!","type":1}

Secure Message

/**
 *  Algorithm:
 *      string = json(content);
 *      PW     = random();
 *      data   = encrpyt(string, PW);      // Symmetric
 *      key    = encrypt(PW, receiver.PK); // Asymmetric
 */
{
    //-------- head (envelope) --------
    "sender"   : "moki@4WDfe3zZ4T7opFSi3iDAKiuTnUHjxmXekk",
    "receiver" : "hulk@4YeVEN3aUnvC1DNUufCq1bs9zoBSJTzVEj",
    "time"     : 1545405083,

    //-------- body (content) ---------
    "data"     : "9cjCKG99ULCCxbL2mkc/MgF1saeRqJaCc+S12+HCqmsuF7TWK61EwTQWZSKskUeF",
    "key"      : "WH/wAcu+HfpaLq+vRblNnYufkyjTm4FgYyzW3wBDeRtXs1TeDmRxKVu7nQI/sdIALGLXrY+O5mlRfhU8f8TuIBilZUlX/eIUpL4uSDYKVLaRG9pOcrCHKevjUpId9x/8KBEiMIL5LB0Vo7sKrvrqosCnIgNfHbXMKvMzwcqZEU8="
}

Reliable Message

/**
 *  Algorithm:
 *      signature = sign(data, sender.SK);
 */
{
    //-------- head (envelope) --------
    "sender"   : "moki@4WDfe3zZ4T7opFSi3iDAKiuTnUHjxmXekk",
    "receiver" : "hulk@4YeVEN3aUnvC1DNUufCq1bs9zoBSJTzVEj",
    "time"     : 1545405083,

    //-------- body (content) ---------
    "data"      : "9cjCKG99ULCCxbL2mkc/MgF1saeRqJaCc+S12+HCqmsuF7TWK61EwTQWZSKskUeF",
    "key"       : "WH/wAcu+HfpaLq+vRblNnYufkyjTm4FgYyzW3wBDeRtXs1TeDmRxKVu7nQI/sdIALGLXrY+O5mlRfhU8f8TuIBilZUlX/eIUpL4uSDYKVLaRG9pOcrCHKevjUpId9x/8KBEiMIL5LB0Vo7sKrvrqosCnIgNfHbXMKvMzwcqZEU8=",
    "signature" : "Yo+hchWsQlWHtc8iMGS7jpn/i9pOLNq0E3dTNsx80QdBboTLeKoJYAg/lI+kZL+g7oWJYpD4qKemOwzI+9pxdMuZmPycG+0/VM3HVSMcguEOqOH9SElp/fYVnm4aSjAJk2vBpARzMT0aRNp/jTFLawmMDuIlgWhBfXvH7bT7rDI="
}

(All data encode with BASE64 algorithm as default)

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