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DotHttp recommended tool for making http requests.

Project description

Inspiration

With the rise in usage of microservices, using http/curl is essential part of most developer's jobs. There are multiple options out there (some are curl, postmant) . My Ideal choice would be to use curl but problems with it is having no history. Postman solves that problem but once user logs in, postman actually syncs it to their servers which i did not like.

GOAL

dothttp will provide simple, cleaner architecture for making http requests. It uses xtext (eclipse developed dsl) to build a custom dsl.

Documentation

More information or docs can be cound at https://docs.dothttp.dev


Go through this example for better understanding. for babysteps click here

# users.http

#!/usr/bin/env /home/prasanth/cedric05/dothttp/dist/dothttp-cli

# this is comment

// this is also a comment

/*
   this is multi line
   comment
*/

# http file can have multiple requests, name tag/annotation is used to identify
@name("fetch 100 users, skip first 50")

# makes are get request, with url `https://req.dothttp.dev/user`
GET https://req.dothttp.dev/user

# below is an header example
"Authorization": "Basic dXNlcm5hbWU6cGFzc3dvcmQ="

# below is how you set url params '?' --> signifies url quary param
? ("fetch", "100") #
? ("skip", "50")
? projection, name
? projection, org
? projection, location




# makes are post request, with url `https://req.dothttp.dev/user`
POST https://req.dothttp.dev/user

basicauth('username', 'password')
/*
   below defines payload for the post request.
   json --> signifies payload is json data
*/
json({
    "name": "{{name=adam}}", # name is templated, if spcified via env or property, it will be replaced
    "org": "dothttp",
    "location": "Hyderabad",
    # "interests": ["exploring", "listening to music"],
})



# makes put request, with url `https://req.dothttp.dev/user/1`
PUT https://req.dothttp.dev/post

# define headers in .dothttp.json with env
basicauth("{{username}}, "{{password}}")

# posts with urlencoded
data({
    "name": "Adam A",
    "org": "dothttp",
    "location": "Hyderabad",
    "interests": ["exploring", "listening to music"],
})

// or use below one
// data('name=Adam+A&org=dothttp&location=Hyderabad&interests=%5B%27exploring%27%2C+%27listening+to+music%27%5D')

KICKSTART

From pypi

pip install dothttp-req==0.0.10

From source

git clone git@github.com:cedric05/dothttp.git
cd dothttp

python3 -m pip install pipenv
pipenv install

python3.9

python3 -m dothttp examples/dothttpazure.http

docker

docker build -t dothttp .
docker run -it --rm dothttp

whalebrew

docker run -it --rm dothttp

Features

  1. easy and cleaner http syntax
  2. variable substitution with property file
  3. generates curl from http for easy sharing
docker build -t dothttp .
whalebrew install dothttp
dothttp examples/dothttpazure.http

First DotHttpRequest and more

GET "https://httpbin.org/get"

dothttp get.http or python -m dothttp get.http

Run

dothttp simple.http

prints

{
  "args": {},
  "headers": {
    "Accept-Encoding": "identity",
    "Host": "httpbin.org",
    "User-Agent": "python-urllib3/1.26.3",
    "X-Amzn-Trace-Id": "Root=1-6022266a-20fb552e530ba3d90c75be6d"
  },
  "origin": "117.216.243.24",
  "url": "https://httpbin.org/get"
}

POST request

POST "https://httpbin.org/post"
{
  "args": {},
  "data": "",
  "files": {},
  "form": {},
  "headers": {
    "Accept-Encoding": "identity",
    "Content-Length": "0",
    "Host": "httpbin.org",
    "User-Agent": "python-urllib3/1.26.3",
    "X-Amzn-Trace-Id": "Root=1-602228fa-3c3ed5213b6d8c2d2a223148"
  },
  "json": null,
  "origin": "117.216.243.24",
  "url": "https://httpbin.org/post"
}

similarly, other methodsGET, POST, OPTIONS, DELETE, CONNECT, PUT, HEAD, TRACE support is available.

Query

query params can be added to request by specifying query ( "key", "value") ? "key", "value" ? "key": "value" ? "key"= "value" all four are accepted. going with query("hi", "hi2) is more readable. ?"key"= "value" is more concise

Payload

user can specify payload by mentioning below four forms (for various scenarios).

  • data("ram")

    user can also mention its content-type with data("ram", "text/plain")

  • data({"key": "value"}) for form input.

  • json({"key": "value"}) for json payload.

  • fileinput("path/to/file", "type") uploads file as payload (type is optional).

  • files(("photo", "path/to/file/photo.jpg", "image/jpeg"), ("photo details", '{"name":"prasanth"}', "application/json") )

    for multipart upload dothttp will figure out content type by going through file/data, when type is not mentioned.

Comments

dothttp will use # for commenting entire line.

  1. // line comment. follows java, javascript
  2. # line comment. follows python's comment style
  3. /* */ multi line comment. follows java/javascript style

Templating

POST 'https://httpbin.org/post'
? ("{{key}}", "{{value}}")
data('{"{{key}}" :"{{value}}"}', 'application/json')
  • specify variable values through property file (sample.json).
    • user can define environments and can activate multiple environments at a time

    • dothttp by default will read variables from "*" section

    • for example dothttp --property-file path/to/file.json --env ram chandra

      will activate * section properties, ram section properties and chandra section properties dothttp --env ram chandra will activate * section properties, ram section properties and chandra section properties from .dothttp.json in httpfile name space

  • through command line dothttp --property key=ram value=ranga will replace {{ram}} to ranga from the file
  • through file itself. (will be helpful for default properties)
POST 'https://{{host=httpbin.org}}/post'

Headers

User can define headers in below three formats

  1. header('content-type', 'application/json') readable
  2. 'content-type': 'application/json' concise
  3. property file headers section from property-file can also be used. in most scenarios, headers section will be common for a host. having them in property file would ease them.

Authentication

BasicAuth

basicauth('username','password')' --> will compute add respective headers.

DigestAuth

digestauth('username','password')' --> will compute add respective headers.

NtlmAuth

ntlmauth('username','password')' --> will compute add respective headers.

Property file

{
  "*": {
    "host": "httpbin.org"
  },
  "headers": {
    "content-type": "plain/text"
  },
  "preprod": {
    "host": "preprod.httpbin.org"
  }
}

Special sections in property file

  1. * section in property file will be activated once user specifies property file if user didn't specifiy file and .dothttp.json exists, it will be activated
  2. headers once a property file is activated. headers from property file will be added to request by default without user having to specify in .http file

Formatter (experimental phase)

dothttp can format a http file using below command dothttp -fmt examples/dothttpazure.http --experimental or dothttp --format examples/dothttpazure.http --experimental

to print to command line

dothttp --format examples/dothttpazure.http --experimental --stdout

Editor support

syntax highlighting for visual studio code is supported via dothttp-code

Command line options

usage: dothttp [-h] [--curl] [--property-file PROPERTY_FILE] [--no-cookie] [--env ENV [ENV ...]] [--debug] [--info] [--format] [--stdout]
               [--property PROPERTY [PROPERTY ...]]
               file

http requests for humans

optional arguments:
  -h, --help            show this help message and exit

general:
  --curl                generates curl script
  --no-cookie, -nc      cookie storage is disabled
  --debug, -d           debug will enable logs and exceptions
  --info, -i            more information
  file                  http file

property:
  --property-file PROPERTY_FILE, -p PROPERTY_FILE
                        property file
  --env ENV [ENV ...], -e ENV [ENV ...]
                        environment to select in property file. properties will be enabled on FIFO
  --property PROPERTY [PROPERTY ...]
                        list of property's

format:
  --format, -fmt        formatter
  --stdout              print to commandline

checkout examples


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