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Extension for displaying serializer validation errors in Django Rest Framework

Project Description

Extension for Django REST framework error display

Overview

This package extends default error JSON body providing configurable error codes and more consumable response structure.

It turns default JSON body of HTTP 400 response, which look like this

{
    "name": ["This field is required."],
    "password": ["This field may not be blank."]
    "age": ["This field may not be null."]
    "description": ["Ensure this field has no more than 100 characters."]
}

into

{
    "code" : 1001,
    "message" : "Validation Failed",
    "errors" : [
        {
            "code" : 2002,
            "field" : "name",
            "message" : "This field is required."
        },
        {
            "code" : 2031,
            "field" : "password",
            "message" : "This field may not be blank."
        },
        {
            "code" : 2023,
            "field" : "age",
            "message" : "This field may not be null."
        },
        {
            "code" : 2041,
            "field" : "description",
            "message" : "Ensure this field has no more than 100 characters."
        },
    ]
}

Library handles all Django REST framework built-in serializer validation.

Requirements

  • Python (2.7, 3.4)
  • Django (1.8, 1.9)
  • Django REST framework (3.3)

Installation

By running installation script

$ python setup.py install

Or using pip

$ pip install drf-friendly-errors

Usage

Simply add a FriendlyErrorMessagesMixin to your serializer or model serializer class

from rest_framework_friendly_errors.mixins import FriendlyErrorMessagesMixin

class MySerializer(FriendlyErrorMessagesMixin, ModelSerializer):

If you want to change default library settings and provide your own set of error codes just add following in your settings.py

FRIENDLY_ERRORS = {
    FIELD_ERRORS = {
        'CharField': {'required': 10, 'null':11, 'blank': 12, 'max_length': 13, 'min_length': 14}
    }
    VALIDATOR_ERRORS = {
        'UniqueValidator': 50
    },
    EXCEPTION_DICT = {
        'PermissionDenied': 100
    }
}

Custom serializer validation

If you need custom field validation or validation for whole serializer register your validation in serializer class

class PostSerializer(FriendlyErrorMessagesMixin,
                     serializers.ModelSerializer):
    class Meta:
        model = Post

    def validate_title(self, value):
        if value[0] != value[0].upper():
            raise ValidationError('First letter must be an uppercase')
        return value

    def validate(self, attrs):
        category = attrs.get('category)
        title = attrs.get('title')
        if category and category not in title:
            raise ValidationError('Title has to include category')
        return attrs

    FIELD_VALIDATION_ERRORS = {'validate_title': 5000} # register your own validation method and assign it to error code
    NON_FIELD_ERRORS = {'Title has to include category': 8000} # register non field error messages and assign it to error code

If you want to raise field error in validate method use register_error method provided by a mixin

class PostSerializer(FriendlyErrorMessagesMixin,
                     serializers.ModelSerializer):
    class Meta:
        model = Post

    def validate(self, attrs):
        category = attrs.get('category')
        title = attrs.get('title')
        if category and category not in title:
            self.register_error(error_message='Title has to include category',
                                error_code=8000,
                                field_name='title')
        return attrs

Default error codes

Following conventions were used:

1xxx - Are reserved for non field errors

2xxx - Are reserved for field errors

3xxx - Are reserved for validator errors

4xxx - Are reserved for other errors not related to serializer validation

Default field error codes

Field is required

  • 2001: BooleanField, NullBooleanField
  • 2002: CharField, EmailField, RegexField, SlugField, URLField, UUIDField, FilePathField, IPAddressField
  • 2003: IntegerField, FloatField, DecimalField
  • 2004: ChoiceField, MultipleChoiceField
  • 2005: FileField, ImageField
  • 2006: ListField, DictField, JSONField
  • 2007: StringRequiredField, PrimaryKeyRelatedField, HyperlinkedRelatedField, SlugRelatedField, HyperlinkedIdentityField, ManyRelatedField
  • 2008: ReadOnlyField, HiddenField, ModelField, SerializerMethodField

Field data is invalid (invalid regex, string instead of number, date, etc.)

  • 2011: BooleanField, NullBooleanField
  • 2012: EmailField, RegexField, SlugField, URLField, UUIDField, IPAddressField
  • 2013: IntegerField, FloatField, DecimalField
  • 2014: FileField, ImageField
  • 2015: DateTimeField, DateField, TimeField, DurationField

Field data cannot be null

  • 2021: BooleanField, NullBooleanField
  • 2022: CharField, EmailField, RegexField, SlugField, URLField, UUIDField, FilePathField, IPAddressField
  • 2023: IntegerField, FloatField, DecimalField
  • 2024: ChoiceField, MultipleChoiceField
  • 2025: FileField, ImageField
  • 2026: ListField, DictField, JSONField
  • 2027: StringRequiredField, PrimaryKeyRelatedField, HyperlinkedRelatedField, SlugRelatedField, HyperlinkedIdentityField, ManyRelatedField
  • 2028: ReadOnlyField, HiddenField, ModelField, SerializerMethodField

Field data cannot be blank

  • 2031: CharField, EmailField, RegexField, SlugField, URLField, UUIDField, IPAddressField

Field data is too long string

  • 2041: CharField, EmailField, RegexField, SlugField, URLField, UUIDField, IPAddressField
  • 2042: IntegerField, FloatField, DecimalField
  • 2043: FileField, ImageField

Field data is too short string

  • 2051: CharField, EmailField, RegexField, SlugField, URLField, UUIDField, IPAddressField

Field data is too big number

  • 2061: IntegerField, FloatField, DecimalField

Field data is too small number

  • 2071: IntegerField, FloatField, DecimalField

Field data do not match any value from available choices

  • 2081: ChoiceField, MultipleChoiceField
  • 2082: FilePathField
  • 2083: ManyRelatedField

Field is empty

  • 2091: FileField, ImageField
  • 2092: MultipleChoiceField
  • 2093: ManyRelatedField

File has no name

  • 2101: FileField, ImageField

File is an invalid image

  • 2111: ImageField

Field is not a list

  • 2121: MultipleChoiceField
  • 2122: ListField
  • 2123: ManyRelatedField

Field is not a dict

  • 2131: DictField

Field is not a json

  • 2141: JSONField

Field does not exist (invalid hyperlink, primary key, etc.)

  • 2151: PrimaryKeyRelatedField, HyperlinkedRelatedField, SlugRelatedField, HyperlinkedIdentityField

Incorrect type for relation key

  • 2161: PrimaryKeyRelatedField, HyperlinkedRelatedField, SlugRelatedField, HyperlinkedIdentityField

Couldn’t match url or name to a view

  • 2171: HyperlinkedRelatedField, HyperlinkedIdentityField

Expected a DateTime, got Date

  • 2181: DateTimeField

Excpected a Date, got DateTime

  • 2191: DateField

Too many digits for defined Decimal

  • 2201: DecimalField

Too many whole digits for defined Decimal

  • 2211: DecimalField

Too many decimal digits for defined Decimal

  • 2221: DecimalField

Default built-in validators error codes

  • UniqueValidator: 3001
  • UniqueTogetherValidator: 3003
  • UniqueForDateValidator: 3004
  • UniqueForMonthValidator: 3004
  • UniqueForYearValidator: 3005
  • RegexValidator: 3006
  • EmailValidator: 3007
  • URLValidator: 3008
  • MaxValueValidator: 3009
  • MinValueValidator: 3010
  • MaxLengthValidator: 3011
  • MinLengthValidator: 3012
  • DecimalValidator: 3013
  • validate_email: 3014
  • validate_slug: 3015
  • validate_unicode_slug: 3016
  • validate_ipv4_address: 3017
  • validate_ipv46_address: 3018
  • validate_comma_separated_integer_list: 3019
  • int_list_validator: 3020

Tests

Pull requests won’t be accepted without passing tests. You can run the test suite with:

python runtests.py

Contributors

  • Geoffrey Lehée <socketubs>
Release History

Release History

This version
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0.13

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0.12.1

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0.12

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0.11

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0.10

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0.9

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0.4

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