Directory Tags for Lazy Programmers
dtags is a lightweight command line tool which lets you:
- Tag and un-tag directories
- Change directories quickly via tags
- Execute commands in tagged directories at the same time
- Easily manage multiple git repositories, vagrant machines etc.
All commands come with tab-completion.
Step 1: Check requirements:
- Python 2.7+ or 3.4+
- Recent version of pip
- Recent version of Bash, Zsh or Fish with tab-completion enabled
Step 2: Install the package:
# You may need to sudo depending on your setup ~$ pip install --upgrade dtags
Step 3: Add the following line to your shell runtime configuration:
# For zsh, place in ~/.zshrc: command -v dtags > /dev/null 2>&1 && eval "`dtags shell zsh`" # For bash, place in ~/.bashrc (or ~/.bash_profile for OS X): command -v dtags > /dev/null 2>&1 && eval "`dtags shell bash`" # For fish, place in ~/.config/fish/config.fish: command -v dtags > /dev/null 2>&1; and dtags shell fish | source
Step 4. Restart your shell.
Note for those who are upgrading from v1.x.x: dtags v2 has config changes that are not backwards-compatible. If you want to keep your tags, you need to run a migration script: ~$ git clone https://github.com/joowani/dtags.git ~$ python dtags/scripts/migrate.py If you don't mind losing them, simply run 'rm -rf ~/.dtags' instead.
Once installed, you will have 5 commands at your disposal: tag, untag, d, e and dtags. Make sure you don’t have any linux aliases, functions or symlinks etc. with the same names.
Tag directories with tag:
~$ tag ~/web dev work # add tags 'dev' and 'work' to ~/web ~$ tag ~/app # tag ~/app with its basename, 'app'
Un-tag directories with untag:
~$ untag ~/web dev # remove tag 'dev' from ~/web ~$ untag ~/app # remove all tags from ~/app
Change directories with d (designed to fully replace cd!):
~$ d # go to the user's home directory ~$ d frontend # go to the directory tagged 'frontend' ~$ d tag_with_many_dirs # prompt the user to select a specific directory ~$ d ~/app # go to directory ~/app
Execute commands in one or more directories with e:
~$ e repo git status # execute 'git status' in directories tagged 'repo' ~$ e ~/vm vagrant halt # execute 'vagrant halt' in directory ~/vm ~$ e -p vm git pull # execute 'git pull' in directories tagged 'vm' in parallel ~$ e vm,~/foo ls # execute 'ls' in directories tagged 'vm' and ~/foo
Search and manage tags with dtags:
~$ dtags # display the directories-to-tags mapping ~$ dtags list ~ ~/vm # display the tags and directories associated with ~ and ~/app ~$ dtags list foo bar # display the tags and directories associated with 'foo' or 'bar' ~$ dtags reverse # display the tags-to-directories mapping ~$ dtags edit # edit tags and directories via editor like vim ~$ dtags clean # remove invalid or stale tags and directories
You can always use the --help option to find out more about each command!
- Windows is currently not supported
- The directory-to-tags mapping is saved in ~/.dtags/mapping
- Tags are also saved on their own in ~/.dtags/tags for tab-completion
- e -p hangs on interactive commands that wait on input (no easy way around this)
- e -p spawns child processes and redirects their output to temporary files and then to stdout
- e -p sends sigterm to its child processes when killed
- e uses environment variable $SHELL to guess which shell is in use
- e redirects all stderr to stdout and should always return an exit status of 0
- e executes the commands using interactive shell, which has pros
- e can properly use linux functions and aliases
- The shell runtime configuration must be “sourced” each time the command is run
- The performance of e is affected by the shell startup time (beware oh-my-zsh users)
- Any errors thrown during the “sourcing” will show up in the output of e
- dtags edit uses environment variable $EDITOR
- d prefers tags over subdirectories if there is a name conflict - To go to the subdirectory put a / after the directory name
- d requires grep, cut, seq and /dev/null
- d expects ~/.dtags/mapping to be correctly formatted:
- Please refrain from editing ~/.dtags/mapping directly
- Instead, use dtags edit which does the validation and formatting for you
- Tab-completion expects ~/.dtags/tags to be correctly formatted:
- Don’t touch this file at all if possible
- If this is deleted, it is auto-generated the next time a dtags command is run.
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