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Unofficial Duolingo API

Project description

Duolingo API

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This unofficial Duolingo API allows you to fetch information about a given user, language, skill, lesson, etc. on Duolingo. There is no officially documented Duolingo API. However, the API endpoints can be found by sniffing the traffic on their mobile app.

Usage

from duolingo import Duolingo

lingo = Duolingo('username')
# OR
lingo = Duolingo('username', password='optional password')
# You must be logged in to get information on your learning progress.

Installation

You can find the package on PyPI.

$ pip install duolingo-python-api

Documentation

Account Information
Language Information

Get User Information

lingo.get_user_info()

Returns a dictionary containing various information on the user, including their avatar, user ID, location, current language, and more.

# Sample Request
lingo  = duolingo.Duolingo('kartik')
print lingo.get_user_info()

# Sample Response
{
    'admin': False,
    'avatar': u'https://s3.amazonaws.com/duolingo-images/avatars/22524/PALdVtqnHa',
    'bio': u'',
    'cohort': 17,
    'contribution_points': 0,
    'created': u'1 year ago',
    'fullname': u'Kartik',
    'gplus_id': None,
    'id': 22524,
    'invites_left': 3,
    'learning_language_string': u'French',
    'location': u'Toronto',
    'num_followers': 3,
    'num_following': 4,
    'twitter_id': None,
    'username': u'kartik',
    'ui_language': u'en'
}

Get Settings

lingo.get_settings()

Returns the user's settings.

# Sample Request
lingo  = duolingo.Duolingo('kartik')
print lingo.get_user_settings()

# Sample Response
{
    'deactivated': False,
    'is_follower_by': False,
    'is_following': False,
    'notify_comment': True
}

Get Languages

lingo.get_languages(abbreviations)

Returns a list of languages the user is learning.

# Sample Request
lingo  = duolingo.Duolingo('kartik')
print lingo.get_languages(abbreviations=True)
Parameters

abbreviations (boolean) optional
--Returns the list of languages as abbreviations. Default=False.

# Sample Response
[u'fr', u'de', u'es']

Get Friends

lingo.get_friends()

Returns a list of user's friends, their total points earned, and the languages they are learning. The current user is included in this list.

# Sample Request
lingo  = duolingo.Duolingo('kartik')
print lingo.get_friends()

# Sample Response
[{'languages': [u'French', u'Spanish', u'German', u'Italian'],
  'points': 4791,
  'username': u'apmechev'},
 {'languages': [u'French', u'Spanish'],
  'points': 1810,
  'username': u'jlfwong'},
 {'languages': [u'French', u'German', u'Spanish'],
  'points': 754,
  'username': u'kartik'},
 {'languages': [u'Spanish', u'French'], 'points': 718, 'username': u'vhisko'},
 {'languages': [u'French', u'German'],
  'points': 579,
  'username': u'warrench04'}]

Get Calendar

lingo.get_calendar(language_abbr)

Returns the user's last action.

Parameters

language_abbr (string) optional
--Abbreviation of a given language. Default=None.

Get Streak Information

lingo.get_streak_info()

Returns the current site-wide streak, including daily goal information, and whether the streak has been extended today.

# Sample Request
lingo  = duolingo.Duolingo('kartik')
print lingo.get_streak_info()

# Sample Response
{
    'site_streak': 141,
    'daily_goal': 30,
    'streak_extended_today': True
}

Get Certificates

lingo.get_certificates()

Returns the list of certificates, including score, language, and datetime information. string.

# Sample Request
lingo  = duolingo.Duolingo('kartik')
print lingo.get_certificates()

# Sample Response
[{
    u'language_string': u'German',
    u'score': 2.09,
    u'id': u'SgXFt9',
    u'language': u'de',
    u'datetime': u'1 month ago'
}]

Get Activity Stream

lingo.get_activity_stream(before)

The Duolingo API returns a before value with each request to the activity stream. To get the previous set of data in the stream, feed it the before value from the current stream.

# Sample Request
lingo  = duolingo.Duolingo('kartik')
print lingo.get_activity_stream(before='2015-07-06 05:42:24')
Parameters

before (string) optional
--Returns the activity stream data up to the date and time given. Default=None.

# Sample Response
{
    u'more_events': True,
    u'events': [
        {
            u'type': "unlock",
            u'skills': [...],
            ...
        },
        ...
    ],
    u'js_version': u'js_version': u'//url_to_javascript',
    u'before': u'2015-07-05 07:44:56'
}

Get Leaderboard

lingo.get_leaderboard(unit, before)

Returns an ordered list containing the logged user leaderboard. You need to indicate unit as week or month to get the desired result. The before argument comes with the time.time() function, but if you need to know your leaderboard for a different date, you can pass the date in a epoch format.

# Sample Request
lingo = duolingo.Duolingo('yurireis5')
print lingo.get_leaderboard('week')
Parameters

unit (string) optional
--Receive leaderboard data in specified units. The units week and month are recommended to receive desired results. Default=None.
before (string) optional
--Receive leaderboard data up to a specified date. Default=time.time().

# Sample Response
[
    {
        'unit': 'week',
        'id': 945238,
        'points': 280,
        'username': 'leticiabohrer'
    },
    {
        'unit': 'week',
        'id': 125621306,
        'points': 63,
        'username': 'Candice460698'
    },
    ...
]

Buy Item

lingo.buy_item(item_name, language_abbr)

Buy a specific item in the shop. Returns the name of the item and the date and time of purchase.

# Sample Request
lingo  = duolingo.Duolingo('kartik')
print lingo.buy_item('streak_freeze', 'en')
Parameters

item_name (string) required
--The name of the item to buy.
language_abbr (string) required
--Abbreviation of a given language.

# Sample Response
{
    'streak_freeze': '2017-01-10 02:39:59.594327'
}

Note: This will return HTTP Status Code 400 if the item can't be bought.

Buy Streak Freeze

lingo.buy_streak_freeze()

Buy a Streak on Ice extension, if the account has enough Lingots and is not yet equipped with the extension. Returns True if the extension was bought, False otherwise.

# Sample Request
lingo  = duolingo.Duolingo('kartik')
print lingo.buy_streak_freeze()

# Sample Response
True

Get Language Details

lingo.get_language_details(language_name)

Returns the language details for a given language, including the current streak, the level, and total number of points.

# Sample Request
lingo  = duolingo.Duolingo('kartik')
print lingo.get_language_details('French')
Parameters

language_name (string) required
--The name of a given language.

# Sample Response
{
    u'current_learning': True,
    u'language': u'fr',
    u'language_string': u'French',
    u'learning': True,
    u'level': 6,
    u'points': 604,
    u'streak': 0
}

Get Language Progress

lingo.get_language_progress(language_abbr)

Returns the language progress for a given language.

# Sample Request
lingo  = duolingo.Duolingo('kartik')
print lingo.get_language_progress('fr')
Parameters

language_abbr (string) required
--Abbrieviation of a given language.

# Sample Response
{
    'language': u'fr',
    'language_string': u'French',
    'level_left': 146,
    'level_percent': 51,
    'level_points': 300,
    'level_progress': 154,
    'next_level': 7,
    'num_skills_learned': 15,
    'points': 604,
    'points_rank': 3,
    'streak': 0
}

Get Known Topics

lingo.get_known_topics(language_abbr)

Returns a list containing the names of the known topics. See get_learned_skills to return entire skill data.

Note: Order is not guaranteed.

# Sample Request
lingo  = duolingo.Duolingo('kartik')
print lingo.get_known_topics('fr')
Parameters

language_abbr (string) required
--Abbrieviation of a given language.

# Sample Response
[
    u'Colors',
    u'Basics 2',
    u'Animals',
    u'Possessives',
    u'Verbs: \xcatre / Avoir',
    u'Clothing',
    u'Food',
    u'Questions',
    u'Basics',
    u'Verbs: Present 1',
    u'Plurals',
    u'Common Phrases',
    u'Adjectives 1'
]

Get Unknown Topics

lingo.get_unknown_topics(language_abbr)

Returns a list containing the names of the unlearned topics.

Note: Order is not guaranteed.

# Sample Request
lingo  = duolingo.Duolingo('kartik')
print lingo.get_unknown_topics()
Parameters

language_abbr (string) required
--Abbrieviation of a given language.

# Sample Response
[
    u'The',
    u'Accusative Case',
    u'Nature 1'
]

Get Golden Topics

lingo.get_golden_topics(language_abbr)

Returns a list containing the names of fully reviewed, or "golden", topics.

Note: Order is not guaranteed.

# Sample Request
lingo  = duolingo.Duolingo('kartik')
print lingo.get_golden_topics('fr')
Parameters

language_abbr (string) required
--Abbrieviation of a given language.

# Sample Response
[
    u'Colors',
    u'Basics 2',
    u'Animals',
    u'Possessives',
    u'Verbs: \xcatre / Avoir',
    u'Clothing',
    u'Verbs: Present 1',
    u'Plurals',
    u'Common Phrases',
    u'Adjectives 1'
]

Get Reviewable Topics

lingo.get_reviewable_topics(language_abbr)

Returns a list containing the names of learned, but not fully "golden", topics.

Note: Order is not guaranteed.

# Sample Request
lingo  = duolingo.Duolingo('kartik')
print lingo.get_golden_topics('fr')
Parameters

language_abbr (string) required
--Abbrieviation of a given language.

# Sample Response
[
    u'Food',
    u'Questions',
    u'Basics'
]

Get Known Words

lingo.get_known_words(language_abbr)

Returns a set containing known words of a given language.

# Sample Request
lingo  = duolingo.Duolingo('kartik')
print lingo.get_known_words('fr')
Parameters

language_abbr (string) required
--Abbrieviation of a given language.

# Sample Response
[
    u'absolument',
    u'accept\xe9',
    u'acier',
    u'actuellement',
    u'adopt\xe9',
    u'affirme',
    u'agissant',
    u'agit',
    u'agr\xe9able',
    u'ai',
    u'aient',
    u'ailes',
    u'aime',
    u'aimerais'
]

Get Related Words

lingo.get_related_words(word, language_abbr)

Returns a list of "related words" from the user's vocabulary list. For example, for the German verb "gehen", get_related_words will return a list of miscellaneous conjugations like "gehe" and "gingen".

Note: The dictionaries it returns are identical in format to those returned by get_vocabulary.

# Sample Request
lingo  = duolingo.Duolingo('kartik')
 print lingo.get_related_words('aller')
Parameters

word (string) required
--The word you want to retrieve related words for.
language_abbr (string) optional
--Abbreviation of a given language. Default=None.

# Sample Response
[
   {
       u'last_practiced': u'2015-05-27T06:01:18Z',
       u'strength': 0.991741,
       u'strength_bars': 4,
       u'infinitive': u'aller',
       u'lexeme_id': u'51a2297870df84c13c7ce0b5f987ae70',
       u'normalized_string': u'allait',
       u'pos': u'Verb',
       u'id': u'51a2297870df84c13c7ce0b5f987ae70',
       u'last_practiced_ms': 1432706478000.0,
       u'gender': None,
       u'skill': u'Verbs: Past Imperfect',
       u'word_string': u'allait',
       u'related_lexemes': [...],
       u'skill_url_title': u'Verbs:-Past-Imperfect'
   },
   ...
]

Get Learned Skills

lingo.get_learned_skills(language_abbr)

Returns an ordered list containing the names of the known topics by date learned. Differs from get_known_topics in that it returns the entire skill data of each skill learned, rather than only the name.

# Sample Request
lingo  = duolingo.Duolingo('kartik')
print lingo.get_learned_skills('fr')
Parameters

language_abbr (string) required
--Abbrieviation of a given language.

# Sample Response
[
    {
        u'language_string': u'French',
        u'dependency_order': 0,
        u'dependencies_name': [],
        u'practice_recommended': False,
        u'learning_threshold': 0,
        u'disabled': False,
        u'more_lessons': 0,
        u'test_count': 3,
        u'missing_lessons': 0,
        u'lesson': False,
        u'progress_percent': 100.0,
        u'id': u'aad5e3a9fc5bb6a9b55a4d20d40c3f27',
        u'description': u'',
        u'category': u'',
        u'num_lessons': 4,
        u'language': u'fr',
        u'strength': 0.25,
        u'beginner': True,
        u'title': u'Basics 1',
        u'coords_y': 1,
        u'coords_x': 2,
        u'url_title': u'Basics-1',
        u'test': True,
        u'lesson_number': 1,
        u'learned': True,
        u'num_translation_nodes': 0,
        u'learning_threshold_percentage': 0,
        u'icon_color': u'blue',
        u'index': u'0',
        u'bonus': False,
        u'explanation': (string containing HTML of explanation),
        u'num_lexemes': 30,
        u'num_missing': 0,
        u'left_lessons': 0,
        u'dependencies': [],
        u'known_lexemes': [...],
        u'words': [list of words contained in the lesson],
        u'path': [],
        u'achievements': [],
        u'short': u'Basics 1',
        u'locked': False,
        u'name': u'BASICS',
        u'comment_data': {},
        u'new_index': 1,
        u'changed': False,
        u'has_explanation': True,
        u'mastered': True
    },
    ...
]

Get Language from Abbreviation

lingo.get_language_from_abbr(language_abbr)

When the language_abbr of a language is known, but the full language name is not, you can use this method to return the language name. This only works for languages that the user is learning.

# Sample Request
lingo  = duolingo.Duolingo('kartik')
print lingo.get_language_from_abbr('fr')
Parameters

language_abbr (string) required
--Abbrieviation of a given language.

# Sample Response
u'French'

Get Abbreviation Of

lingo.get_abbreviation_of(language_name)

When the language_name of a language is known, but the language abbreviation is not, you can use this method to get the abbreviation.

Note: This only works for languages that the user is learning.

# Sample Request
lingo  = duolingo.Duolingo('kartik')
print lingo.get_abbreviation_of('French')
Parameters

language_name (string) required
--The name of a given language.

# Sample Response
u'fr'

Get Translations

lingo.get_translations(words)

Returns the translations of a list of words passed to it. By default, the source is assumed to be the language of the user's Duolingo UI, and the target is assumed to be the user's current language, as of login time. The returned object is a dictionary containing a key for each item in the words list, with a list of translations as its value.

# Sample Request
lingo  = duolingo.Duolingo('kartik')
lingo.get_translations(['de', 'du'], source='de', target='fr')
Parameters

words (list) required
--The list of words you want to translate.
source (string) optional
--Specifies a source language to translate the words from. Default=None.
target (string) optional
--Specifies a target language to translate the words into. Default=None.

# Sample Response
{
    u'de': [u'zu', u'von', u'des', u'an', u'auf', u'aus', u'mit', u'um',
            u'vor', u'\xfcber'],
    u'du': [u'der', u'nach', u'zur', u'\u2205']
}

Get Vocabulary

lingo.get_vocabulary()

Gets the user's vocabulary for a given language. If language_abbr is none, the user's current language is used.

#Sample Request
lingo  = duolingo.Duolingo('kartik')
print lingo.get_vocabulary(language_abbr='de')
Parameters

language_abbr (string) optional
--Abbrieviation of a given language.

# Sample Response
{
    language_string: "German",
    learning_language: "de",
    from_language: "en",
    language_information: {...},
    vocab_overview: [
    {
        strength_bars: 4,
        infinitive: null,
        normalized_string: "am",
        pos: "Preposition",
        last_practiced_ms: 1436422057000,
        skill: "Dative Case",
        related_lexemes: [
        "bb7397cbcb9f6665fcba49eced7b8619"
        ],
        last_practiced: "2015-07-09T06:07:37Z",
        strength: 0.999987,
        skill_url_title: "Dative-Case",
        gender: "Masculine",
        id: "2ffcc3aea9f3005d69b38083a6cac19d",
        lexeme_id: "2ffcc3aea9f3005d69b38083a6cac19d",
        word_string: "am"
        },
        ...
    ]
}

Get Language Voices

lingo.get_language_voices(language_abbr)

Returns a list of voices available in a given language. The list will always contain at least one voice, but that voice might not always be named 'default'. For instance, the only voice available for Turkish is named 'filiz'.

# Sample Request
lingo  = duolingo.Duolingo('kartik')
print lingo.get_language_voices('fr')
Parameters

language_abbr (string) required
--Abbrieviation of a given language.

['default', u'mathieu']

Get Audio URL

lingo.get_audio_url(word)

Returns the path to an audio file containing the pronunciation of the word given. The language defaults to the user's current learning language. The voice used by default is randomly selected from Duolingo's available voices. To get a specific voice, pass the voice parameter with the name of the voice. To get the default voice (which is mostly an implementation detail), set random to False without passing a voice.

# Sample Request
lingo  = duolingo.Duolingo('kartik')
print lingo.get_audio_url('bonjour')
Parameters

word (string) required
--The word you want an audio file for.
language_abbr (string) optional
--Abbrieviation of a given language. Default=None.
random (boolean) optional
--Whether to return a randomly selected language voice. Default=True.
voice (string) optional
--The name of a specific language voice. Default=None.

# Sample Response
'https://d7mj4aqfscim2.cloudfront.net/tts/fr/token/bonjour'

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