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Official Dwolla V2 API client

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Dwolla V2 Python client.

API Documentation


dwollav2 is available on PyPi, and therefore can be installed automagically via pip.

pip install dwollav2


Basic usage

Create a client using your application's consumer key and secret found on the applications page (Sandbox, Production).

client = dwollav2.Client(key = os.environ['DWOLLA_APP_KEY'], secret = os.environ['DWOLLA_APP_SECRET'])

Using the sandbox environment (optional)

client = dwollav2.Client(
  key = os.environ['DWOLLA_APP_KEY'],
  secret = os.environ['DWOLLA_APP_SECRET'],
  environment = 'sandbox'

environment defaults to 'production'.

Configure an on_grant callback (optional)

An on_grant callback is useful for storing new tokens when they are granted. The on_grant callback is called with the Token that was just granted by the server.

client = dwollav2.Client(
  key = os.environ['DWOLLA_APP_KEY'],
  secret = os.environ['DWOLLA_APP_SECRET'],
  on_grant = lambda t: save(t)

It is highly recommended that you encrypt any token data you store.


Tokens can be used to make requests to the Dwolla V2 API.

Application tokens

Application access tokens are used to authenticate against the API on behalf of a consumer application. Application tokens can be used to access resources in the API that either belong to the application itself (webhooks, events, webhook-subscriptions) or the partner Account that owns the consumer application (accounts, customers, funding-sources, etc.). Application tokens are obtained by using the client_credentials OAuth grant type:

application_token = client.Auth.client()

Application tokens do not include a refresh_token. When an application token expires, generate a new one using client.Auth.client().

Initializing pre-existing tokens:

Tokens can be initialized with the following attributes:

client.Token(access_token = '...',
             expires_in = 123)


Tokens can make requests using the #get, #post, and #delete methods.

token.get('resource', foo = 'bar')

# POST {"foo":"bar"}'resource', foo = 'bar')

# POST multipart/form-data foo=...'resource', foo = ('mclovin.jpg', open('mclovin.jpg', 'rb'), 'image/jpeg'))

# PUT {"foo":"bar"}
token.put('resource', foo = 'bar')


Setting headers

To set additional headers on a request you can pass a dict of headers as the 3rd argument.

For example:'customers', { 'firstName': 'John', 'lastName': 'Doe', 'email': '' },
                        { 'Idempotency-Key': 'a52fcf63-0730-41c3-96e8-7147b5d1fb01' })


Requests return a Response.

res = token.get('/')

# => 200

# => {'server'=>'cloudflare-nginx', 'date'=>'Mon, 28 Mar 2016 15:30:23 GMT', 'content-type'=>'application/vnd.dwolla.v1.hal+json; charset=UTF-8', 'content-length'=>'150', 'connection'=>'close', 'set-cookie'=>'__cfduid=d9dcd0f586c166d36cbd45b992bdaa11b1459179023; expires=Tue, 28-Mar-17 15:30:23 GMT; path=/;; HttpOnly', 'x-request-id'=>'69a4e612-5dae-4c52-a6a0-2f921e34a88a', 'cf-ray'=>'28ac1f81875941e3-MSP'}

# => ''


If the server returns an error, a dwollav2.Error (or one of its subclasses) will be raised. dwollav2.Errors are similar to Responses.

except dwollav2.NotFoundError as e:
  # => 404

  # => {"server"=>"cloudflare-nginx", "date"=>"Mon, 28 Mar 2016 15:35:32 GMT", "content-type"=>"application/vnd.dwolla.v1.hal+json; profile=\"\"; charset=UTF-8", "content-length"=>"69", "connection"=>"close", "set-cookie"=>"__cfduid=da1478bfdf3e56275cd8a6a741866ccce1459179332; expires=Tue, 28-Mar-17 15:35:32 GMT; path=/;; HttpOnly", "access-control-allow-origin"=>"*", "x-request-id"=>"667fca74-b53d-43db-bddd-50426a011881", "cf-ray"=>"28ac270abca64207-MSP"}

  # => "NotFound"
except dwollav2.Error:
  # ...

dwollav2.Error subclasses:

See for more info.

  • dwollav2.AccessDeniedError
  • dwollav2.InvalidCredentialsError
  • dwollav2.NotFoundError
  • dwollav2.BadRequestError
  • dwollav2.InvalidGrantError
  • dwollav2.RequestTimeoutError
  • dwollav2.ExpiredAccessTokenError
  • dwollav2.InvalidRequestError
  • dwollav2.ServerError
  • dwollav2.ForbiddenError
  • dwollav2.InvalidResourceStateError
  • dwollav2.TemporarilyUnavailableError
  • dwollav2.InvalidAccessTokenError
  • dwollav2.InvalidScopeError
  • dwollav2.UnauthorizedClientError
  • dwollav2.InvalidAccountStatusError
  • dwollav2.InvalidScopesError
  • dwollav2.UnsupportedGrantTypeError
  • dwollav2.InvalidApplicationStatusError
  • dwollav2.InvalidVersionError
  • dwollav2.UnsupportedResponseTypeError
  • dwollav2.InvalidClientError
  • dwollav2.MethodNotAllowedError
  • dwollav2.ValidationError
  • dwollav2.TooManyRequestsError
  • dwollav2.ConflictError


After checking out the repo, run pip install -r requirements.txt to install dependencies. Then, run python test to run the tests.

To install this gem onto your local machine, run pip install -e ..


Bug reports and pull requests are welcome on GitHub at


The package is available as open source under the terms of the MIT License.


  • 1.4.0 Allow kwargs to be passed to get, post, and delete methods.
  • 1.3.0 Change token URLs, update dependencies.
  • 1.2.4 Create a new session for each Token.
  • 1.2.3 Check if IOBase when checking to see if something is a file.
  • 1.2.2 Strip domain from URLs provided to token.* methods.
  • 1.2.1 Update sandbox URLs from uat => sandbox.
  • 1.2.0 Refer to Client id as key.
  • 1.1.8 Support verified_account and dwolla_landing auth flags
  • 1.1.7 Use session over connections for performance improvement (#8 - Thanks @bfeeser!)
  • 1.1.5 Fix file upload bug when using with Python 2 (#6)
  • 1.1.2 Add TooManyRequestsError and ConflictError
  • 1.1.1 Add
  • 1.1.0 Support per-request headers

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