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"Embrace SQL keeps your SQL queries in SQL files. An anti-ORM inspired by HugSQL and PugSQL"

Project description

Does writing complex queries in an ORM feel like driving with the handbrake on? Embrace SQL! Put your SQL queries in regular .sql files, and embrace will load them.

Usage:

import embrace

# Connect to your database, using any db-api connector.
# If python supports it, so does embrace.
conn = psycopg2.connect("postgresql:///mydb")

# Create a module populated with queries from a collection of *.sql files:
queries = embrace.module("resources/sql", conn)

# Run a query
users = queries.list_users(order_by='created_at')

Your query would be specified like this:

-- :name list_users :many
select * from users where active = :active order by :identifier:order_by

By embrace returns rows using the underlying db-api cursor. Most db-api libraries have cursor types that return dicts or namedtuples. For example in Postgresql you could do this:

conn = psycopg2.connect(
    "postgresql:///mydb",
    cursor_factory=psycopg2.extras.NamedTupleCursor)
)

What types can queries return?

Many rows:

-- :name list_users :many
select * from users

A single row:

-- :name get_user_by_id :one
select * from users where id=:id

A single value:

-- :name get_user_count :scalar
select count(1) from users

An iterable over a single column:

-- :name get_ips :column
select distinct ip_addr from connections

A single file may contain multiple queries, separated by a structured SQL comment. For example to create two query objects accessible as queries.list_users() and queries.get_user_by_id():

-- :name list_users :many
select * from users

-- :name get_user_by_id :one
select * from users where id=:id

But if you don’t have the separating comment, embrace-sql can run multiple statements in a single query call, returning the result from just the last one.

Why? Because it makes this possible in MySQL:

-- :name create_user :column
insert into users (name, email) values (:name, :email);
select last_insert_id();

How do parameters work?

Placeholders inserted using the :name syntax are escaped by the db-api driver:

-- Outputs `select * from user where name = 'o''brien'`;
select * from users where name = :name

You can interpolate lists and tuples too:

:tuple: creates a placeholder like this (?, ?, ?)

:value*: creates a placeholder like this ?, ?, ?

:tuple* creates a placeholder like this (?, ?, ?), (?, ?, ?), (useful for multiple insert queries)

-- Call this with `queries.insert_foo(data=(1, 2, 3))`
INSERT INTO foo (a, b, c) VALUES :tuple:data

-- Call this with `queries.get_matching_users(names=("carolyn", "douglas"))`
SELECT * from users WHERE name in (:values*:names)

You can escape identifiers with :identifier:, like this:

-- Outputs `select * from "some random table"`
select * from :identifier:table_name

You can pass through raw sql too. This leaves you open to SQL injection attacks if you allow user input into such parameters:

-- Outputs `select * from users order by name desc`
select * from users order by :raw:order_clause

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