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Allows to temporarily modify the power management settings on a MacOS to run processes uninterruptedly.

Project description


License: MIT

espressomaker is a Python module that provides a context manager (and other functionalities) to modify the power management settings on a MacOS X system so that running processes (e.g. a machine learning training algorithm) can run uninterruptedly.

More specifically, espressomaker is a wrapper of caffeinate, a shell command in MacOS X distributions that allows users to create assertions that alter the system's sleep behavior. In this sense. espressomaker runs caffeinate subprocesses from the Python 3 or iPython kernel from which espressomaker is being executed and allows to control them through a simple and intuitive set of Python commands.

Table of Contents

1. Quick Start

To install espressomaker, run the following on your Terminal:

$ pip install espressomaker

To execute espressomaker as a context manager for a block of code, run on a Python 3 or an iPython kernel:

from espressomaker import Espresso

with Espresso.shot():

The indented code will be run using the context manager of espressomaker, Espresso.shot(). While this code is running, your Mac won't go to sleep.

2. Purpose

espressomaker is a Python 3 module that does not let your Mac sleep when you are running a block of code.

Many applications that run on Python may take hours to finish, like machine learning training algorithms. If a block of code is actively running on a Python 3 kernel and the system goes to sleep, the running processes of the kernel will be interrupted and all the progress related to that block of code will be lost.

To avoid that, espressomaker provides a handful of functionalities, including a useful context manager to run blocks of code. The context manager will allow you to use Espresso, a module of espressomaker, to temporarily change the power management settings of your Mac while the indented block of code runs. Once the code is done running, the settings will return to its default state.

espressomaker is a package that intends to facilitate dealing with lengthy Python jobs such that the user can, in a single line of code, forget about dealing interrupted processes.

3. Installation

To install espressomaker, run on your terminal:

$ pip install espressomaker

Important note

Installation using pip should be uneventful. However, if when importing a ModuleNotFoundError occurs, it could be possible that your current kernel is not including the directory where espressomaker is installed at. Usually, the pip installation process will place the packages contents at:

  • /Users/<your_username>/.local/lib/pythonX.Y/site-packages/; or,
  • /Users/<your_username>/anaconda3/lib/pythonX.Y/site-packages/, if using Anaconda;

where X.Y is your current Python version (root environment). You can check if these directories are considered by Python's system's path by running:

import sys

If it is not included, or if you chose to install it in a specific directory, add its path by running:


4. User-guide

4.1 Working principle

espressomaker is a Python 3 package whose Espresso module allows to run caffeinate subprocesses from the running Python 3 kernel (e.g. a Jupyter Notebook, a .py script). The main go as subprocess as a context manager for a block of code or as a manual method call (i.e. the user defines when to start running the assertion and when to finish it). When a function of Espresso is called, an assertion that prevents a MacOS X system from sleeping is

4.2 Importing the module

To import the functionalities of espressomaker to Python, run:

from espressomaker import Espresso

4.3 Using as a context manager (Espresso.shot())

One of the main advantages of espressomaker is that its Espresso module allows to run a given piece of code using a context manager. The context manager enables the caffeinate functionality for the code inside it and then closes the process — kills the caffeinate subprocess.

To use this functionality, run:

with Espresso.shot(display_on = True):

4.4 Manually opening and closing tabs (Espresso.opentab() and Espresso.closetab())


4.5 Viewing open tabs — caffeinate running processes (Espresso.check())


4.6 Killing all caffeinate processes (Espresso.killall())


start-formatting end-formatting Formatting passed and completed.

Release History


Basic skeleton of the package ready for shipping to TestPyPI.


  • Automated file exporting from .ipynb to .py and standardized the formatting.
  • Automated file exporting from .ipynb to .md and standardized the formatting.
  • Improved variable handling on instance methods.
  • Added a message for the user to recognize the current kernel when using opentabs().
  • Added debugging tracers for all private methods.
  • Finished class- and static- methods docstrings.
  • Updated


  • Improved title formatting.
  • Updated "classifiers" of
  • Changed opentabs() classmethod to check() in
  • Successfully ran manual tests in all APIs.


  • Finished user-guide in
  • Finish unittest.

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