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An implementation of a LDAPObject to fake a ldap server in unittests.

Project description

The goal of this module is to provide a simple way to mock ldap backend servers for your unittests. It makes it possible to define upfront a set of directory entries that can be queried or set fixed return values to ldap queries. It acts as a drop in replacement for the LDAPObject class of the python-ldap module. It implements a subset of the allowed methods of this class.

This module implements the MockLDAP class that functions both as the LDAPObject as well as the ldap module. Most of the code and design has been taken from Peter Sagerson’s excellent django-auth-ldap module.


Install the latest release from PyPI:

$ pip install fakeldap

Running tests in development

If you’ve cloned the repository locally:

$ git clone git://

and made changes, ensure you have pytest installed:

$ pip install pytest

and you can run the tests with:

$ pytest


The MockLDAP class replaces the LDAPObject of the python-ldap module. The easiest way to use it, is to overwrite ldap.initialize to return MockLDAP instead of LDAPObject. The example below uses Michael Foord’s Mock library to achieve that:

import unittest
from mock import patch
from fakeldap import MockLDAP

_mock_ldap = MockLDAP()

class YourTestCase(unittest.TestCase):
    def setUp(self):
        # Patch where the ldap library is used:
        self.ldap_patcher = patch('app.module.ldap.initialize')
        self.mock_ldap = self.ldap_patcher.start()
        self.mock_ldap.return_value = _mock_ldap

    def tearDown(self):

The mock ldap object implements the following ldap operations:

  • simple_bind_s

  • search_s

  • compare_s

  • modify_s

  • delete_s

  • add_s

  • rename_s

This is an example how to use MockLDAP with fixed return values:

def test_some_ldap_group_stuff(self):
    # Define the expected return value for the ldap operation
    return_value = ("cn=testgroup,ou=group,dc=30loops,dc=net", {
        'objectClass': ['posixGroup'],
        'cn': 'testgroup',
        'gidNumber': '2030',

    # Register a return value with the MockLDAP object
        ("cn=testgroup,ou=groups,dc=30loops,dc=net", (
            ('objectClass', ('posixGroup')),
            ('cn', 'testgroup'),
            ('gidNumber', '2030'))),
        (105,[], 10, []))

    # Run your actual code, this is just an example
    group_manager = GroupManager()
    result = group_manager.add("testgroup")

    # assert that the return value of your method and of the MockLDAP
    # are as expected, here using python-nose's eq() test tool:
    self.assertEqual(return_value, result)

    # Each actual ldap call your software makes gets recorded. You could
    # prepare a list of calls that you expect to be issued and compare it:
    called_records = []

        {'who': 'cn=admin,dc=30loops,dc=net', 'cred': 'ldaptest'}))

    called_records.append(('add_s', {
        'dn': 'cn=testgroup,ou=groups,dc=30loops,dc=net",
        'record': [
            ('objectClass', ['posixGroup']),
            ('gidNumber', '2030'),
            ('cn', 'testgroup'),

    # And again test the expected behaviour
    self.assertEqual(called_records, _mock_ldap.ldap_methods_called_with_arguments())

Besides of fixing return values for specific calls, you can also imitate a full ldap server with a directory of entries:

# Create an instance of MockLDAP with a preset directory
tree = {
    "cn=admin,dc=30loops,dc=net": {
            "userPassword": "ldaptest"
mock_ldap = MockLDAP(tree)

record = [
    ('uid', 'crito'),
    ('userPassword', 'secret'),
# The return value I expect when I add another record to the directory
    mock_ldap.add_s("uid=crito,ou=people,dc=30loops,dc=net", record)

# The expected directory
directory = {
    "cn=admin,dc=30loops,dc=net": {"userPassword": "ldaptest"},
    "uid=crito,ou=people,dc=30loops,dc=net": {
        "uid": "crito", "userPassword": "secret"}
# Compare the expected directory with the MockLDAP directory

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