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Fast iteration of AVRO files

Project description

fastavro

The current Python avro package is packed with features but dog slow.

On a test case of about 10K records, it takes about 14sec to iterate over all of them. In comparison the JAVA avro SDK does it in about 1.9sec.

fastavro is less feature complete than avro, however it’s much faster. It iterates over the same 10K records in 2.9sec, and if you use it with PyPy it’ll do it in 1.5sec (to be fair, the JAVA benchmark is doing some extra JSON encoding/decoding).

If the optional C extension (generated by Cython) is available, then fastavro will be even faster. For the same 10K records it’ll run in about 1.7sec.

Usage

import fastavro as avro

with open('weather.avro', 'rb') as fo:
    reader = avro.reader(fo)
    schema = reader.schema

    for record in reader:
        process_record(record)

You can also use the fastavro module from the command line to dump avro files. Each record will be dumped to standard output in one line of JSON.

python -m fastavro weather.avro

You can also dump the avro schema:

python -m fastavro --schema weather.avro

Limitations

  • Support only iteration
    • No writing for you!
  • Supports only null and deflate codecs
    • avro also supports snappy
  • No reader schema

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