Synchronize a file tree with text file substitutions
Allows to synchronize a destination file tree from a source file tree while allowing certain substitutions to take place.
File Tree Subs uses doit under the hood to keep track of changes, so that files are only changed if necessary.
See the following three examples for typical use cases of filetreesubs. I’m personally using it to preprocess the output of Nikola, a static blog/site generator, to insert a sidebar into all generated HTML pages, and a tag cloud into the sidebar and the tag overview page.
Assume you have the following file tree:
input/ index.html team.html products.html menu.inc testimonials.inc
In the .html files, you put placeholder strings INSERT_MENU_HERE for where the content of input/menu.inc should be inserted, and INSERT_TESTIMONIALS for where the content of input/testimonials.inc should be inserted. Also, you want COPYRIGHT_YEAR to be replaced by 2017. The result should be a tree like this, without the .inc files:
output/ index.html team.html products.html
with the placeholder string replaced. To do this with filetreesubs, create a config file filetreesubs-config.yaml:
# Source directory source: input # Destination directory destination: output substitutes: # The following is a regular expression to match the filenames: '.*\.html': # The strings to replace 'INSERT_MENU_HERE': # With what to replace them file: menu.inc 'INSERT_TESTIMONIALS': file: testimonials.inc 'COPYRIGHT_YEAR': text: '2017'
Then running filetreesubs will synchornize output/ so that it contains the files from input/, except menu.inc, and makes sure the substitutions take place.
Example: Substitution chains
Assume that in the above example, you want to use INSERT_TESTIMONIALS also in menu.inc itself. Running the above example, this substitution will not be done, also if you extend the regular expression matching all HTML files to .* to match all files.
To apply substitutions to included files, you need to use substitution chains. Append the following to the configuration above:
substitute_chains: - template: menu.inc substitutes: 'INSERT_TESTIMONIALS': file: testimonials.inc
This will apply the substitution for INSERT_TESTIMONIALS also to menu.inc.
Example: Creating index files
Assume that you have folder structure:
input/ index.html images/ logo.jpeg 2017/ happynewyear-2017.jpeg
You want to upload the output to a web server so it is available under http://example.com, but if someone accesses http://example.com/images/ or http://example.com/images/2017/, you don’t want the persons to see a file listing or some error page, but show them a nice message to check out the home page. You can use filetreesubs for this. Add the following to the configuration:
create_index_filename: index.html create_index_content: | <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>There's nothing to see here.</title> <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="10; url=.."> </head> <body> There's nothing to see here. Go <a href="..">here</a> instead. You will be automatically redirected there in 10 seconds. </body> </html>
Then in every folder not containing a file index.html, a file index.html will be created with the specified content.
Configuration file format
The configuration file is in YAML format. By default, the configuration is assumed to be in filetreesubs-config.yaml in the current directory. If you want to specify a different configuration file name, you can simply specify it on the command line:
The following commented YAML file shows all available options:
# The source directory. Specify a path here. source: input # The destination directory. Specify a path here. destination: output # The substitutions to make substitutes: # For every substitution, you need to specify a regex pattern # matching the file name. Use '.*' to match everything, and # '.*\.html' to match all files ending with '.html'. '.*': # Now you can specify a number of strings which shall be replaced 'STRING TO REPLACE': # In this case, we want to replace the string by the contents # of the file menu.inc. Note that menu.inc won't be copied # to the destination directory anymore. file: menu.inc 'ANOTHER_REPLACEMENT_STRING': # In this case, we want to replace the string by another string # we explicitly specify here. text: '(replacement text)' # Now we can specify more filename matching patterns ... '.*\.html': # ... and more replacements 'YET_ANOTHER_STRING': text: '(some more)' # To do substitutions in files like menu.inc, we need substitution # chains. substitute_chains: # Each substitution chain consists of the name of the file to # substitute in, like menu.inc: - template: menu.inc # As well as a list of substitutions, using the same syntax as above: substitutes: # The string to replace: 'INCLUDE_INCLUDE': # What to replace it with file: include.inc 'INCLUDE_STRING': text: '...' # You can have as many substitution chains as you want - template: include.inc substitutes: 'ONE_MORE': text: '(...)' # To create index files (when not already existing), you must # specify the name of these files: create_index_filename: index.html # This allows to specify the content of index files. create_index_content: | <!DOCTYPE html> <html lang="en"> <head> <title>there's nothing to see here.</title> <meta name="robots" content="noindex"> <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="0; url=.."> </head> <body style="background-color:black; color:white;"> <div style="position:absolute; top:0; left:0; right:0; bottom:0;"> <div style="width:100%; height:100%; display:table;"> there's nothing to see here. go <a href=".." style="color:#AAA;">here</a> instead. </div> </div> </div> </body> </html> # By default, filetreesubs assumes that all text files it processes # are UTF-8 encoded. If that's not the case, you can change another # encoding here. encoding: utf-8 # In case you need to do so, you can insert configurations for doit # directly here. See `here <http://pydoit.org/configuration.html#configuration-at-dodo-py>`__ # for possible configurations. doit_config: # The following option sets the filename for the dependency database. # If you want to execute different filetreesubs commands concurrently # from a folder, you need to specify different dependency database # names per project config. dep_file: '.doit-myproject.db'
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