Skip to main content

An authorization middleware for Flask that supports ACL, RBAC, ABAC, based on Casbin

Project description



flask-authz is an authorization middleware for Flask, it's based on PyCasbin.


pip install flask-authz

Simple Example

This repo is just a working Flask app that shows the usage of flask-authz. To use it in your existing Flask app, you need:

from authz.middleware import CasbinMiddleware
import casbin
from flask import Flask

app = Flask(__name__)

# Initialize the Casbin enforcer, load the casbin model and policy from files.
# Change the 2nd arg to use a database.
enforcer = casbin.Enforcer("authz_model.conf", "authz_policy.csv")

app.wsgi_app = CasbinMiddleware(app.wsgi_app, enforcer)

def hello_world():
    return "Hello World!"

if __name__ == '__main__':
  • The default policy authz_policy.csv is:
p, anonymous, /, GET
p, admin, *, *
g, alice, admin

It means anonymous user can only access homepage /. Admin users like alice can access any pages. Currently all accesses are regarded as anonymous. Add your authentication to let a user log in.

How are subject, object, action defined?


def check_permission(self, request):
    # change the user, path, method as you need.
    user = request.remote_user # subject
    if user is None:
        user = 'anonymous'
    path = request.path # object
    method = request.method # action
    return self.enforcer.enforce(user, path, method)

You may need to copy the code to your project and modify it directly if you have other definitions for subject, object, action.


The authorization determines a request based on {subject, object, action}, which means what subject can perform what action on what object. In this plugin, the meanings are:

  1. subject: the logged-in user name
  2. object: the URL path for the web resource like "dataset1/item1"
  3. action: HTTP method like GET, POST, PUT, DELETE, or the high-level actions you defined like "read-file", "write-blog"

For how to write authorization policy and other details, please refer to the Casbin's documentation.

Getting Help


This project is under Apache 2.0 License. See the LICENSE file for the full license text.

Project details

Release history Release notifications

Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Files for flask-authz, version 0.0.1
Filename, size & hash File type Python version Upload date
flask_authz-0.0.1-py3-none-any.whl (10.0 kB) View hashes Wheel py3
flask-authz-0.0.1.tar.gz (3.5 kB) View hashes Source None

Supported by

Elastic Elastic Search Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Google Google BigQuery Sentry Sentry Error logging AWS AWS Cloud computing DataDog DataDog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN SignalFx SignalFx Supporter DigiCert DigiCert EV certificate StatusPage StatusPage Status page