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Configuration layer to aid in deployment of Flask apps

Project description

flask-container-scaffold

pypi tests documentation

A common base layer for Flask applications that are deployed in containers.

This project is still in a very early stage, being pulled out from a flask- based ReST service that was developed to be deployed in a container. The main issue it was created to solve was adding easy and consistent support for flexible configuration. For instance, in a development environment, there may be a configuration file that is used, but in a container, you may need to specify an environment variable that points to a yaml/json file, or some filesystem mount that is very different from development. Externalizing this configuration allows for more flexibility in multiple environments.

Installation

flask-container-scaffold can be installed via pip with:

pip install flask-container-scaffold

Usage

The library is meant to be used to do the basic configuration of a flask application, and allows for the user to then do any further setup required once the configuration is in place. It is called from within your app factory function like this:

app = AppScaffold(name=__name__, config=config).app
app.register_blueprint(foo.bp) # or whatever else you still need to do

The library supports two levels of configuration.

Level 1: Flask Settings

The first is the standard flask configuration that can be used by default, but with a bit of extra structure. You can specify this configuration using any or all of the following options:

  1. Pass in the Flask config to AppScaffold via the config parameter (this is a dictionary).
  2. Via a standard flask settings.cfg file. Flask will look for this in the instance folder, which you can specify via the instance_path parameter to AppScaffold if it is not in the default location ('instance' within the app).
  3. Via a FLASK_SETTINGS environment variable whose value is a path to a valid Flask settings.cfg file. This can be a relative path if the instance_config folder is specified, or can be an absolute path in all cases.

Note that Flask requires all config settings to be in CAPS, otherwise they will not be included in the app.config dictionary on initialization.

AppScaffold will look for each of the items above, and they will be set in the same order, if found. So, for example, if you set:

config= {'FOO': 'bar'}

when you call AppScaffold, but then have:

FOO='something else'

in your file specified by the FLASK_SETTINGS environment variable, the latter will overwrite the former.

Level 2: Custom Settings

Custom settings are meant to be more flexible than the Flask settings, and can be in whatever structure makes sense for your application. These settings are found and loaded by AppScaffold when you reference a Flask setting of CUSTOM_SETTINGS in any of the following ways:

  1. As a key in your config dict passed into AppScaffold
  2. As a key in your settings.cfg file
  3. As an environment variable whose value is a path to a valid file containing your custom configuration. This can be a relative path if the instance_config folder is specified, or can be an absolute path in all cases.

Currently, settings can be configured via a standard cfg file (using ini-file format) or a yaml file (which can end with '.yml' or '.yaml'). These files, in turn, can reference additional files if needed. Sections and structures are supported, so long as they can be put into a python dictionary, and will be added as-is, without additional formatting of case (which the python ConfigParser library does by default). Also, keys can be in whatever case suits your needs, which is a difference from the core Flask settings.

Logger Formatting

After the application is initialized, the custom formatter can be configured at any point in the code before logging is called. As an example:

from logging.config import dictConfig

from flask_container_scaffold.logging import FlaskRequestFormatter

dictConfig({
    'version': 1,
    'formatters': {
        'default': {
            '()': FlaskRequestFormatter,
            'format': '[%(asctime)s] %(remote_addr)s '
            '%(levelname)s in %(module)s: %(message)s',
        },
    },
    'handlers': {
        'wsgi': {
            'class': 'logging.StreamHandler',
            'stream': 'ext://flask.logging.wsgi_errors_stream',
            'formatter': 'default'
        },
        'file': {
            'class': 'logging.handlers.RotatingFileHandler',
            'filename': '/var/log/myapp.log',
            'backupCount': 3,
            'maxBytes': 15728640,  # 1024 * 1024 * 15
            'formatter': 'default',
        },
    },
    'loggers': {
        'main': {
            'level': 'INFO',
        },
    },
    'root': {
        'level': 'WARNING',
        'handlers': ['wsgi', 'file'],
    },
})

Development

Setting up a development environment

You may set up your environment with virtualenv or another preferred tool for managing virtual environments, but here are some directions for doing so using pipenv. First, install pipenv:

pip install --user pipenv

Next, using it to set up your development environment:

pipenv update -d

If you prefer to use pip directly in your venv, specify the following requirements files:

  • requirements.txt
  • test-requirements.txt

There is also a dist-requirements.txt, if you will be building the project for distribution.

Any remaining directions will assume you are in your venv, which for pipenv, can be activated like this:

pipenv shell

Alternatively, any commands can be run in your pipenv venv by prepending with:

pipenv run

This project attempts to follow most of the suggestions in the python packaging docs while also supporting an easy to set up development environment.

Building the project

If you wish to build the project for distribution:

python -m build

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