URL spam security for Flask.
IpBan is a Flask extension that can help protect against ip locations spamming url requests against unknown pages. Often this is to search for security issues.
The default configuration:
- 20 attempts before ban
- 1 hour blocking period
Once an ip address is banned any attempt to access a web address on your site from that ip will result in a 403 forbidden status response. After the default 1 hour blocking period of no access attempts the ban will be lifted. Any access attempt during the ban period will extend the ban period.
Ip addresses can be entered for banning by the api.
Url patterns can be entered to be excluded from ban calculations by the api.
Url patterns can be entered for banning by the api.
Installation & Basic Usage
Install via pip:
pip install flask-ipban
After installing, wrap your Flask app with an IpBan, or call ip_ban.init_app(app):
from flask import Flask from flask_ipban import IpBan app = Flask(__name__) ip_ban = IpBan(ban_seconds=200) ip_ban.init_app(app)
The repository includes a small example application.
- app, Flask application to monitor. Use ip_ban.init_app(app) to intialise later on.
- ban_count, default 20, Number of observations before banning.
- ban_seconds, default 60, Number of seconds ip address is banned.
- persist, default False, Persist ban list between restarts, using records in the report_dir folder.
- report_dir, default None, Override the location of persistence and report files.
- ipc, default True, Allow multiple instances of ip_ban to cross communicate using the report_dir.
- secret_key, default flask secret key, Key to sign reports in the report_dir.
Config by env variable overrides options
These environment variables will override options from the initialisation.
- IP_BAN_LIST_COUNT - number of observations before 403 exception
- IP_BAN_LIST_SECONDS - number of seconds to retain memory of IP
- init_app(app) - Initialise and start ip_ban with the given Flask application.
- block(ip_address, permanent=False) - block the specific address optionally forever
- add(ip=None, url=None, reason='404') - increase the observations for the current request ip or given ip address
Example for add:
from flask import Flask from flask_ipban import IpBan app = Flask(__name__) ip_ban = IpBan(app) @route('/login', methods=['GET','POST'] def login: # .... # increment block if wrong passwords to prevent password stuffing # .... if request.method == 'POST': if request.arg.get('password') != 'secret': ip_ban.add(reason='bad password')
- remove(ip_address) - remove the given ip address from the ban list. Returns true if ban removed.
- url_pattern_add('reg-ex-pattern', match_type='regex') - exclude any url matching the pattern from checking
Example of url_pattern_add:
from flask import Flask from flask_ipban import IpBan app = Flask(__name__) ip_ban = IpBan(app) ip_ban.url_pattern_add('^/whitelist$', match_type='regex') ip_ban.url_pattern_add('/flash/dance', match_type='string')
- url_pattern_remove('reg-ex-pattern') - remove pattern from the url whitelist
- url_block_pattern_add('reg-ex-pattern', match_type='regex') - add any url matching the pattern to the block list. match_type can be ‘string’ or ‘regex’. String is direct match. Regex is a regex pattern.
- url_block_pattern_remove('reg-ex-pattern') - remove pattern from the url block list
- ip_whitelist_add('ip-address') - exclude the given ip from checking
- ip_whitelist_remove('ip-address') - remove the given ip from the ip whitelist
Example of ip_whitelist_add
from flask import Flask from flask_ipban import IpBan app = Flask(__name__) ip_ban = IpBan(app) ip_ban.whitelist_add('127.0.0.1')
- load_nuisances(file_name=None) - add a list of nuisances to url pattern block list from a file. See below for more information.
ip_ban = IpBan() app = Flask(__name__) ip_ban.init_app(app) ip_ban.load_nuisances()
Url matching match_type can be ‘string’ or ‘regex’. String is direct match. Regex is a regex pattern.
ip_ban includes a file of common web nuisances that should not be allowed on a flask site. It includes:
- Blocking any non flask extension such as .jsp, .asp etc.
- Known hacking urls.
Nuisance urls are only checked as a result of a 404. If you have legitimate routes that use nuisance url patterns they won’t result in a block.
Load them by calling ip_ban.load_nuisances()
You can add your own nuisance yaml file by calling with the parameter file_name=.
See the nuisance.yaml file in the source for formatting and details.
IPC and persistence
By default ip_ban writes out each 404/ban event to a file in the record_dir folder, which has a default in linux of /tmp/flask-ip-ban. This folder has to be writable by the process running your app. Obviously if you use multiple different apps they can share ip_ban reporting. Each record is signed with the secret_key, so this must be shared amongst all applications that use the record_dir folder. The secret_key is by default the flask secret key.
Only ip records using the block, add and remove methods or by 404; are persisted or shared. Any whitelisting or pattern bans are not presisted/shared and must be done for each instance of your application.
- Apache 2.0