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Convert Flask's `request.get_json` dict into a MultiDict like `request.form`

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Convert Flask’s request.get_json dict into a MultiDict like request.form

This was written to maintain a consistent API for interacting with both request.form and request.get_json(). This allows use to leverage .get with type coercion and .getlist.

Getting Started

Install the module with: pip install flask_json_multidict

# Load in our dependencies
from flask import Flask, request, jsonify
from flask_json_multidict import get_json_multidict

# Start an application
app = Flask(__name__)

def resolve_request_body():
    """Before every request, resolve `request.body` from either `request.form` or `request.get_json()`"""
    request.body = request.form
    if request.headers['content-type'] == 'application/json':
        request.body = get_json_multidict(request)
app.before_request(resolve_request_body)

@app.route('/', methods=['POST'])
def root():
    """Reply with POST data as we see it"""
    body = request.body
    return jsonify({key: body[key] for key in body})
    # We can also leverage `request.body.getlist` as we do with `request.form`


if __name__ == '__main__':
    app.run()

# $ curl http://localhost:5000/ -X POST --data 'hello=world'
# {"hello": "world"}
# $ curl http://localhost:5000/ -X POST -H 'Content-Type: application/json' --data '{"hello": "world"}
# {"hello": "world"}

Documentation

flask-json-multidict can be imported via flask_json_multidict.

flask_json_multidict.get_json_multidict(request)

get_json_multidict walks over the json provided by request.get_json() and returns a MultiDict.

  • request object - Current request being handled by Flask

Returns:

  • body object - MultiDict with json information
    • If there were any dictionaries or nested lists, then these will be ignored as parameters
      • This is for consistency with how request.form behaves
# Assume we receive `{"colors": ["red", "blue"]}`
body = get_json_multidict(request)
body.getlist('colors')  # ['red', 'blue']

# Assume we receive `{"hello": "world"}`
body = get_json_multidict(request)
body.['hello']  # 'world'
body.get('hello')  # 'world'

# Assume we receive `{"foo": {"bar": "baz"}}`
# This is the silent ignore of bad parameters
body = get_json_multidict(request)
body.get('foo')  # None

Contributing

In lieu of a formal styleguide, take care to maintain the existing coding style. Add unit tests for any new or changed functionality. Test via nosetests.

License

Copyright (c) 2015 Underdog.io

Licensed under the MIT license.

Project details


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1.0.0

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