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Create desktop applications with Flask/Django/FastAPI!

Project description

Flaskwebgui

Downloads PyPI

Create desktop applications with Flask/FastAPI/Django!

Install

pip install flaskwebgui

If you are using conda checkout this link.

For any framework selected add below js code to your app. Code below makes some pooling to the /flaskwebgui-keep-server-alive endpoint and informs flaskwebgui to keep server running while gui is running. Without code below server will close after a few seconds.

async function getRequest(url='') {
    const response = await fetch(url, {
      method: 'GET', 
      cache: 'no-cache'
    })
    return response.json()
}
  
document.addEventListener('DOMContentLoaded', function() {

let url = document.location
let route = "/flaskwebgui-keep-server-alive"
let interval_request = 3 * 1000 //sec

function keep_alive_server(){
    getRequest(url + route)
    .then(data => console.log(data))
}

setInterval(keep_alive_server, interval_request)()

})

If you've set close_server_on_exit parameter to False you don't need add the javascript script. If you have any issues with the app closing prematurly set close_server_on_exit parameter to False.

Usage with Flask

Let's say we have the following flask application:

#main.py

from flask import Flask  
from flask import render_template
from flaskwebgui import FlaskUI # import FlaskUI

app = Flask(__name__)
ui = FlaskUI(app, width=500, height=500) # add app and parameters


@app.route("/")
def hello():  
    return render_template('index.html')

@app.route("/home", methods=['GET'])
def home(): 
    return render_template('some_page.html')


if __name__ == "__main__":
    # app.run() for debug
    ui.run()
   

Alternatively, next to main.py create a file called gui.py and add the following contents:

#gui.py

from flaskwebgui import FlaskUI
from main import app

FlaskUI(app, width=600, height=500).run()

Next start the application with:

python main.py 
#or
python gui.py #in case you created gui.py 

Application will start chrome in app mode, flask will be served by waitress if you have it installed.

Usage with Flask-SocketIO

Let's say we have the following SocketIO application:

#main.py
from flask import Flask, render_template
from flask_socketio import SocketIO
from flaskwebgui import FlaskUI


app = Flask(__name__)
app.config['SECRET_KEY'] = 'secret!'
socketio = SocketIO(app)

@app.route("/")
def hello():  
    return render_template('index.html')

@app.route("/home", methods=['GET'])
def home(): 
    return render_template('some_page.html')


if __name__ == '__main__':
    # socketio.run(app) for development
    FlaskUI(app, socketio=socketio, start_server="flask-socketio").run()

Alternatively, next to main.py create a file called gui.py and add the following contents:

#gui.py

from flaskwebgui import FlaskUI
from main import app, socketio

FlaskUI(app, socketio=socketio, start_server="flask-socketio").run()

Next start the application with:

python main.py 
#or
python gui.py #in case you created gui.py 

Application will start chrome in app mode, flask will be served by socketio.

Usage with FastAPI

Pretty much the same, below you have the main.py file:

#main.py
from fastapi import FastAPI, Request
from fastapi.responses import HTMLResponse
from fastapi.staticfiles import StaticFiles
from fastapi.templating import Jinja2Templates
from fastapi import FastAPI
from flaskwebgui import FlaskUI

app = FastAPI()

# Mounting default static files
app.mount("/dist", StaticFiles(directory="dist/"), name="dist")
app.mount("/css", StaticFiles(directory="dist/css"), name="css")
app.mount("/img", StaticFiles(directory="dist/img"), name="img")
app.mount("/js", StaticFiles(directory="dist/js"), name="js")
templates = Jinja2Templates(directory="dist")


@app.get("/", response_class=HTMLResponse)
async def root(request: Request):
    return templates.TemplateResponse("index.html", {"request": request})


@app.get("/home", response_class=HTMLResponse)
async def home(request: Request): 
    return templates.TemplateResponse("some_page.html", {"request": request})


if __name__ == "__main__":
    
    def saybye(): print("on_exit bye")

    FlaskUI(app, start_server='fastapi', on_exit=saybye).run()

Alternatively, next to main.py create a file called gui.py and add the following contents:

#gui.py
from flaskwebgui import FlaskUI
from main import app

FlaskUI(app, start_server='fastapi').run()

Next start the application with:

python main.py 
#or
python gui.py #in case you created gui.py 

Fastapi will be served by uvicorn.

Usage with Django

Next to manage.py file create a gui.py file where you need to import application from project's wsgi.py file.

├── project_name
│   ├── asgi.py
│   ├── settings.py
│   ├── urls.py
│   └── wsgi.py
├── gui.py # this 
├── manage.py

In gui.py file add below code.

#gui.py

from flaskwebgui import FlaskUI
from project_name.wsgi import application

ui = FlaskUI(application, start_server='django')
ui.run()

Next start the application with:

python gui.py  

Django will be served by waitress if you have it installed.

TODO: For Django, flaskwebgui doesn't have middleware and keep-alive endpoint implemented. Console will not close after ui window is closed.

Configurations

Default FlaskUI class parameters:

  • app, ==> app instance

  • width=800 ==> window width default 800

  • height=600 ==> default height 600

  • fullscreen=False ==> start app in fullscreen (equvalent to pressing F11 on chrome)

  • maximized=False ==> start app in maximized window

  • browser_path=None ==> path to browser.exe (absolute path to chrome C:/browser_folder/chrome.exe)

  • start_server=None ==> You can add a function which starts the desired server for your choosed framework (bottle, web2py pyramid etc) or specify one of the supported frameworks: flask-socketio, flask, django, fastapi

  • socketio=SocketIO Instance ==> Flask SocketIO instance (if specified, uses socketio.run() instead of app.run() for Flask application)

  • close_server_on_exit ==> default is True which means when the chrome window is closed the server will close also.

Setting width, height, fullscreen, maximized may not work in some cases. Flags provided on opening chrome are ignored for some reason. I couldn't reproduce the issue in order to fix it, feel free to make a pull request for this.

Develop your app as you would normally do, add flaskwebgui at the end or for tests. flaskwebgui doesn't interfere with your way of doing a flask application it just helps converting it into a desktop app more easily with pyinstaller or pyvan.

Distribution

You can distribute it as a standalone desktop app with pyinstaller or pyvan.

Credits

It's a combination of https://github.com/Widdershin/flask-desktop and https://github.com/ChrisKnott/Eel

flaskwebgui just uses threading to start a flask server and the browser in app mode (for chrome). It has some advantages over flask-desktop because it doesn't use PyQt5, so you won't have any issues regarding licensing and over Eel because you don't need to learn any logic other than Flask/Django.

Submit any questions/issues you have! Fell free to fork it and improve it!

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