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forwarder a raw socket proxy with optional SSL/TLS termination and trace capability

Project description

forwarder a raw socket proxy with optional SSL/TLS termination and trace capability

With this tool you can intercept communication between a server an a client. Its specially handy for tracing/debugging communication from a client to server, reverse engineering a protocol stack.

For your own Python script with minor change the traffic is routed to forwarder.

This can also be an external application assuming that you can alter the communication parameters of the application.

It can optionally also perform the SSL/TLS termination to the server, so that the communication to the client is in clear text.

It can handle multiple sessions, multiple servers ans ports at the same time.

At this moment TCP sessions are fully supported (stable). At this moment UDP messages is supported (unstable)

Installation

PIP

> pip install forwarder

from source

> git clone https://github.com/pe2mbs/pyforwarder.git
> cd pyforwarder
> pip install .

Package version

The version of the package is as follows: x.y.z Where x is the major version number Where y is the minor version number Where z is the build number

Basic operation

The basic operation is simple start the forwarder with a configuration file.

> pyforwarder config-example.yaml

NOTE that the startup script is called pyforwarder.

Depending on the settings it shows the program banner and optionally verbose and trace information what is happing.

Usage

There are two types of usages.

  1. raw socket with an exact configuration in the configuration file.
  2. proxy socket where the configuration is passed on over the initial socket

raw socket

For each destination there must be and complete config uration with address, port and optional SSL/TLS parameters for the destination and for the source the address and port where pyforwarder listens on.

proxy socket

For proxy socket in the configuration the source address and port must be defined where pyforwarder listens on. And for the destination the proxy must be enabled with optional the username and password (these are send in encoded over the session).

The proxy handshake is simple the server says HELO <name> and the client respond with OLEH <json-parameters>

the forwarder.csocket module contains a class TcpSocket where this mechanism is implemented. it also declares socket. for easy replacement of the import socket

import forwarder.csocket as socket

By using this traffic on hat socket will be routed to the forwarder. See for more information the test script testproxy.py.

If you need all traffic from you application routed through the forwarder proxy, you can import forwarder.hook in the main file of your project, and all sessions will be routed through the forwarder proxy. See for more information the test script hookproxy.py

NOTE: proxy socket works only for TCP sessions.

Configuration

The configuration file can be a YAML or JSON formatted file. The example below shows the YAML format.

# Version of the configuration
version: 2
# override commandline options
options:
  trace: true
  hexdump: true
  verbose: true
# logging Python style
logging:
  version: 1
  formatters:
    trace:
      class: logging.Formatter
      format: '%(asctime)s %(levelname)-8s %(message)s'
    verbose:
      class: logging.Formatter
      format: '%(asctime)s %(message)s'
  handlers:
    console:
      class: logging.StreamHandler
      level: DEBUG
      formatter: verbose
      stream: ext://sys.stdout
    file:
      level: DEBUG
      class: logging.FileHandler
      encoding: utf-8
      filename: tracefile.log
      mode: w
      formatter: trace
  root:
    level: DEBUG
    handlers:
    - console
    - file
# declare extra port descriptions
ports:
  dynamic-proxy:
    port: 18080
    protocol: tcp
    description: dynamic proxy using the TcpSocket() from psocket
# actual forwarding rules
hosts:
  # forward port 8008 to imaps with SSL/TLS ternination
- source:
    addr: 0.0.0.0
    port: 8008
  destination:
    addr: 192.168.123.5
    port: imaps
    use-ssl-tls: true
    ssl-tls:
      verify: false
      check-host: false
      required: optional
      #ca-bundle: yourDomain.ca-bundle
      #certificate: certifcate.pem
      #key: private-key.key
  # forward port 8009 to smtps with SSL/TLS ternination
- source:
    port: 8009
  destination:
    addr: 192.168.123.5
    port: smtps
    use-ssl-tls: false
    ssl-tls:
      verify: false
      check-host: false
      required: optional
      #certificate: certifcate.pem
      #key: private-key.key
  # froward port 8010 on localhost to 192.168.123.6:25057, currently disabled
- source:
    addr: localhost
    port: 8010
  destination:
    addr: 192.168.123.6
    port: 25057
    use-ssl-tls: false
  enabled: false
  # froward port 18080 on 192.168.123.100 to xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx:yyyyy
  # the actual address, port, ssl info are provided via the TcpSocket
  # class in forwarder.psocket
- source:
    addr: 192.168.123.100
    port: 18080
  destination:
    proxy:  true
    username: guest
    password: guest

version

The version at root level must be 2 at this time.

options

The options at root level can also be set via the command line, but the settings in the configuration file are always leading.

logging

The logging at root level defines how the application does its logging. When this is omitted the default is as defined in the example above. When you want greater detail on the console just change the level in logging.handlers.console to DEBUG then the same detail as in the log file is shown on the console.

hosts

The hosts is a list of host source/destination configuration items.
Each list item constists out of the following items;

  • source
  • destination
  • enabled is a flag (true/false) of the host configuration is active, when omitted the default is true.

source

The source has two attributes;

  • addr: the address to listen on, when omitted the 0.0.0.0 address shall be used therefore the the listen is on all network adaptors.
  • port: the port to listen on.

destination

The destination has two attributes;

  • addr: the address to connect to when an incomming connection is established on the source.
  • port: the port to to connect to.
  • use-ssl-tls: is a flag (true/false) whether the SSL/TLS termination is enabled for the session. When enabled the ssl-tls attributes will be used to set extra SSL/TLS parameters.
  • ssl-tls this may contain the following attributes verify, check-host, required , ca-bundle, certificate and key.
verify

With verify the certicate verifcation can be enabled or disabled, the default is true

check-host

With check-host the host name verifcation can be enabled or disabled, the default is true

required

With required the host certicate can be required, optional or none. The values

  • true: required
  • false: none
  • optional: optional
ca-bundle

The ca-bundle is the filename to the CA bundle with the certicates: CA and client.

certificate

The certificate is the filename to the client certicate.

key

The key is the filename to the client private key file.

ports

The ports is a dictionary of port defintions. This is an optional attrbute and is an addition to the predefined ports. Each entry constist out of a unique protocol name with the following attributes;

  • port: the port number
  • description: the description of the protcol
  • protocol: may be set to TCP and/or UDP, when both need to be set the list syntax is used. See section predefined ports

Tests

For the following test scripts, pyforwarder must be started with the following configuration items in the config file.

ports:
  raw-proxy:
    port: 18080
    protocol: tcp
    description: TCP raw proxy
hosts:
- source:
    addr: localhost
    port: raw-proxy
  destination:
    proxy:  true
    username: guest
    password: guest

testproxy.py

import forwarder.psocket as socket

proxyConfig = dict( proxy = ( "localhost", 18080 ),
                    username = 'guest',
                    password = 'guest' )

sock = socket.socket()
sock.connect( ( "smtp.gmail.com", 25 ), **proxyConfig )

data = sock.recv(1024)
print( data )
sock.close()
print( "Done" )

hookproxy.py

import forwarder.hook
import socket
import requests

forwarder.hook.proxyConfig = dict( proxy = ( "localhost", 18080 ),
                                   username = 'guest',
                                   password = 'guest' )


sock = socket.socket()
sock.connect( ( "smtp.gmail.com", 25 ) )

data = sock.recv(1024)
print( data )

sock.close()

#
#   Do a HTTP call with requests
#
result = requests.get( "http://google.nl" )
print( result.content.decode( 'utf-8' ) )

#
#   Do a HTTPS call with requests
#   Note that in goes in clear-text where the rest
#   of the session is SSL/TLS encrypted
#
result = requests.get( "https://google.nl" )
print( result.content.decode( 'utf-8' ) )
print( "Done" )

Predefined ports

The predefined ports:

  ftp:          
    port: 20
    description: file transfer protocol
    protocol: tcp
  ftpc:         
    port: 21
    description: file transfer protocol control
    protocol: tcp
  ssh:          
    port: 22
    description: Secure Shell
    protocol: tcp
  telnet:       
    port: 23
    description: Telnet", "protocol": "tcp" },
  smtp:        
    port: 25
    description: Simple Mail Transfer Protocol, verzending van e-mail (MTA)
    protocol: tcp
  dns:         
    port: 53
    description: Domain Name System
    protocol: udp
  dhcpc:       
    port: 67
    description: Domain Name System client
    protocol: udp
  dhcps:       
    port: 68
    description: Domain Name System server
    protocol: udp
  tftp:        
    port: 69
    description: Trivial File Transfer Protocol
    protocol: udp
  http:        
    port: 80
    description: Hypertext Transfer Protocol
    protocol: 
    - tcp
    - udp
  pop3:        
    port: 110
    description: Post Office Protocol 3, receive of e-mail
    protocol: tcp
  nntp:        
    port: 119
    description: Network News Transfer Protocol
    protocol: tcp
  ntp:         
    port: 123
    description: Network Time Protocol
    protocol: tcp
  netbns:      
    port: 137
    description: NetBIOS Name Service
    protocol: udp
  netbds:      
    port: 138
    description: NetBIOS Name Service
    protocol: udp
  netbss:      
    port: 139
    description: NetBIOS Session Service
    protocol: tcp
  imap:        
    port: 143
    description: Internet Message Access Protocol
    protocol: tcp
  snmp:        
    port: 161
    description: Simple Network Management Protocol
    protocol: udp
  snmptrap:    
    port: 162
    description: Simple Network Management Protocol, getriggerde notificaties
    protocol: udp
  ldap:        
    port: 389
    description: Lightweight Directory Access Protocol
    protocol: tcp
  https:       
    port: 443
    description: HyperText Transfer Protocol over TLS/SSL
    protocol: tcp
  smb:         
    port: 445
    description: Direct Hosting / SMB (Samba) over TCP
    protocol: tcp
  smtps-alt:   
    port: 465
    description: Simple Mail Transfer Protocol over TLS/SSL
    protocol: tcp
  dhcpc-alt:   
    port: 546
    description: Domain Name System (ipv6) client
    protocol: udp
  dhcps-alt:   
    port: 547
    description: Domain Name System (ipv6) server
    protocol: udp
  msn:         
    port: 569
    description: Multiple Subscriber Number
    protocol: tcp
  smtps:       
    port: 587
    description: Simple Mail Transfer Protocol, verzending van uitgaande e-mail (MSA)[16]
    protocol: tcp
  ftps:        
    port: 990
    description: File Transfer Protocol over SSL
    protocol: tcp
  imaps:       
    port: 993
    description: Internet Message Access Protocol over TLS/SSL
    protocol: tcp
  pop3s:       
    port: 995
    description: Post Office Protocol 3, ontvangen van e-mail over TLS/SSL
    protocol: tcp
  socks:       
    port: 1080
    description: SOCKS proxy
    protocol: tcp
  openvpn:     
    port: 1194
    description: OpenVPN
    protocol: 
    - tcp
    - udp
  mysql:       
    port: 3306
    description: MySQL databasesysteem
    protocol:
    - tcp
    - udp
  rdp:         
    port: 3389
    description: Remote Desktop Protocol
    protocol: tcp
  daap:        
    port: 3689
    description: Digital Audio Access Protocol
    protocol: tcp
  postgresql:  
    port: 5432
    description: PostgreSQL databasesysteem
    protocol: 
    - tcp
    - udp
  vnc:         
    port: 5800
    description: Virtual Network Computing
    protocol: tcp
  vnc-alt:     
    port: 5900
    description: Virtual Network Computing
    protocol: tcp
  gp2p:        
    port: 5900
    description: Gnutella p2p netwerk
    protocol: tcp
  http-alt:    
    port: 8080
    description: WWW caching service proxyservers and Apache Tomcat
    protocol: tcp

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