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The OpenStack Backup Restore and Disaster Recovery as a Service Platform

Project description


Freezer is a Backup Restore DR as a Service platform that helps you to automate the data backup and
restore process.

The following features are available:

- Backup your filesystem using point in time snapshot
- Strong encryption supported: AES-256-CFB
- Backup your file system tree directly (without volume snapshot)
- Backup your journaled MongoDB directory tree using lvm snapshot to swift
- Backup MySQL DB with lvm snapshot
- Restore your data from a specific date automatically to your file system
- Low storage consumption as the backup are uploaded as a stream
- Flexible backup policy (incremental and differential)
- Data is archived in GNU Tar format for file based incremental
- Multiple compression algorithm support (zlib, bzip2, xz)
- Remove old backup automatically according to the provided parameters
- Multiple storage media support (Swift, local file system, ssh)
- Flush kernel buffered memory to disk
- Multi platform (Linux, Windows, \*BSD, OSX)
- Manage multiple jobs (i.e. multiple backups on the same node)
- Synchronize backups and restore on multiple nodes
- Web user interface integrated with OpenStack Horizon
- Can execute scripts/commands before or after a job execution


- OpenStack Swift Account (optional)
- python
- GNU Tar >= 1.26
- gzip, bzip2, xz
- OpenSSL
- python-swiftclient
- python-keystoneclient
- pymongo
- libmysqlclient-dev
- sync
- At least 128 MB of memory reserved for Freezer

Windows Requirements

- Python 2.7
- GNU Tar binaries (we recommend to follow [this guide] ( to install them)
- [OpenSSL pre-compiled for windows] ( or [direct download](
- [Sync] (
- [Microsoft Visual C++ Compiler for Python 2.7] (
- [PyWin32 for python 2.7] (

Add binaries to Windows Path
Go to **Control Panel\System and Security\System** and then **Advanced System Settings**, and click **Environment Variables** under **System Variables** edit **Path** and append in the end.
- ;C:\\Sync
- ;C:\\OpenSSL-Win64\\bin
- ;C:\\Python27;C:\\Python27\\Lib\\site-packages\\;C:\\Python27\\Scripts\\

The following components support Windows OS Platform:

- freezer-agent
- freezer-scheduler

Install Windows Scheduler

Freezer scheduler on windows run as a windows service and it needs to be installed as a user service.

- open cmd as admin
- whoami
- cd C:\\Python27\\Lib\\site-packages\\freezer\\scheduler
- python --username {whoami} --password {pc-password} install

Unofficial Installer for Windows

Freezer offers a [windows installer] ( supported by the community

Installation & Env Setup

Install required packages

Ubuntu / Debian

Swift client and Keystone client::

$ sudo apt-get install -y python-dev
For python3:
$ sudo apt-get install -y python3-dev
$ sudo easy_install -U pip

MongoDB backup::

$ sudo apt-get install -y python-pymongo

MySQL backup::

$ sudo pip install pymysql

Freezer installation from Python package repo::

$ sudo pip install freezer


$ sudo easy_install freezer

The basic Swift account configuration is needed to use freezer. Make
sure python-swiftclient is installed.

Also the following ENV vars are needed. You can put them in ~/.bashrc::

export OS_REGION_NAME=region-a.geo-1
export OS_TENANT_ID=<account tenant>
export OS_PASSWORD=<account password>
export OS_AUTH_URL=
export OS_USERNAME=automationbackup
export OS_TENANT_NAME=automationbackup

$ source ~/.bashrc

Let's say you have a container called freezer_foobar-container, by executing
"swift list" you should see something like::

$ swift list

These are just use case example using Swift in the HP Cloud.

*Is strongly advised to execute backups using LVM snapshot, so
freezer will execute a backup on point-in-time data. This avoids the risk of
data inconsistencies and corruption.*

General packages::

> easy_install -U pip
> pip install freezer

The basic Swift account configuration is needed to use freezer. Make sure python-swiftclient is installed::

set OS_REGION_NAME=region-a.geo-1
set OS_TENANT_ID=<account tenant>
set OS_PASSWORD=<account password>
set OS_USERNAME=automationbackup
set OS_TENANT_NAME=automationbackup

Usage Example

Freezer will automatically add the prefix "freezer_" to the container name,
where it is provided by the user and doesn't already start with this prefix.
If no container name is provided, the default is "freezer_backups".

The execution options can be set from the command line and/or config file
in ini format. There's an example of the job config file available in
freezer/freezer/specs/job-backup.conf.example. Command line options
always override the same options in the config file.


The most simple backup execution is a direct file system backup::

$ sudo freezerc --file-to-backup /data/dir/to/backup
--container freezer_new-data-backup --backup-name my-backup-name

* On windows (need admin rights)*
> freezerc --action backup --mode fs --backup-name testwindows
--path-to-backup "C:\path\to\backup" --container freezer_windows
--log-file C:\path\to\log\freezer.log

By default --mode fs is set. The command would generate a compressed tar
gzip file of the directory /data/dir/to/backup. The generated file will
be segmented in stream and uploaded in the swift container called
freezer_new-data-backup, with backup name my-backup-name.

Now check if your backup is executing correctly looking at

Execute a MongoDB backup using lvm snapshot:

We need to check before on which volume group and logical volume our
mongo data is. This information can be obtained as per following::

$ mount

Once we know the volume on which our Mongo data is mounted, we can get
the volume group and logical volume info::

$ sudo vgdisplay
$ sudo lvdisplay

We assume our mongo volume is "/dev/mongo/mongolv" and the volume group
is "mongo"::

$ sudo freezerc --lvm-srcvol /dev/mongo/mongolv --lvm-dirmount /var/lib/snapshot-backup
--lvm-volgroup mongo --file-to-backup /var/lib/snapshot-backup/mongod_ops2
--container freezer_mongodb-backup-prod --exclude "*.lock" --mode mongo --backup-name mongod-ops2

Now freezerc creates an lvm snapshot of the volume /dev/mongo/mongolv. If
no options are provided, the default snapshot name is "freezer\_backup\_snap".
The snapshot vol will be mounted automatically on /var/lib/snapshot-backup
and the backup metadata and segments will be uploaded in the container
mongodb-backup-prod with the name mongod-ops2.

Execute a file system backup using lvm snapshot::

$ sudo freezerc --lvm-srcvol /dev/jenkins/jenkins-home --lvm-dirmount
/var/snapshot-backup --lvm-volgroup jenkins
--file-to-backup /var/snapshot-backup --container freezer_jenkins-backup-prod
--exclude "\*.lock" --mode fs --backup-name jenkins-ops2

MySQL backup require a basic configuration file. The following is an
example of the config::

$ sudo cat /root/.freezer/db.conf
host =
user = backup
password = userpassword

Every listed option is mandatory. There's no need to stop the mysql
service before the backup execution.

Execute a MySQL backup using lvm snapshot::

$ sudo freezerc --lvm-srcvol /dev/mysqlvg/mysqlvol
--lvm-dirmount /var/snapshot-backup
--lvm-volgroup mysqlvg --file-to-backup /var/snapshot-backup
--mysql-conf /root/.freezer/freezer-mysql.conf--container
freezer_mysql-backup-prod --mode mysql --backup-name mysql-ops002

Cinder backups

To make a cinder backup you should provide cinder-vol-id or cindernative-vol-id
parameter in command line arguments. Freezer doesn't do any additional checks
and assumes that making a backup of that image will be sufficient to restore your
data in future.

Execute a cinder backup::

$ freezerc --cinder-vol-id 3ad7a62f-217a-48cd-a861-43ec0a04a78b

Execute a mysql backup with cinder::

$ freezerc --mysql-conf /root/.freezer/freezer-mysql.conf
--container freezer_mysql-backup-prod --mode mysql
--backup-name mysql-ops002
--cinder-vol-id 3ad7a62f-217a-48cd-a861-43ec0a04a78b

Nova backups

To make a nova backup you should provide a nova parameter in the arguments.
Freezer doesn't do any additional checks and assumes that making a backup
of that instance will be sufficient to restore your data in future.

Execute a nova backup::

$ freezerc --nova-inst-id 3ad7a62f-217a-48cd-a861-43ec0a04a78b

Execute a mysql backup with nova::

$ freezerc --mysql-conf /root/.freezer/freezer-mysql.conf
--container freezer_mysql-backup-prod --mode mysql
--backup-name mysql-ops002
--nova-inst-id 3ad7a62f-217a-48cd-a861-43ec0a04a78b

All the freezerc activities are logged into /var/log/freezer.log.

Swift, Local and SSH Storage

Freezer can use:

local storage - folder that is available in the same OS (may be mounted)

To use local storage specify "--storage local"
And use "--container %path-to-folder-with-backups%"
Backup example::

$ sudo freezerc --file-to-backup /data/dir/to/backup
--container /tmp/my_backup_path/ --backup-name my-backup-name
--storage local

Restore example::

$ sudo freezerc --action restore --restore-abs-path /data/dir/to/backup
--container /tmp/my_backup_path/ --backup-name my-backup-name
--storage local

swift storage - OS object storage

To use swift storage specify "--storage swift" or skip "--storage" parameter at all.
And use "--container %swift-container-name%"

Backup example::

$ sudo freezerc --file-to-backup /data/dir/to/backup
--container freezer-container --backup-name my-backup-name
--storage swift

Restore example::

$ sudo freezerc --action restore --restore-abs-path /data/dir/to/backup
--container freezer-container --backup-name my-backup-name
--storage swift

ssh storage - folder on remote machine

To use ssh storage specify "--storage ssh"
And use "--container %path-to-folder-with-backups-on-remote-machine%"
Also you should specify ssh-username, ssh-key and ssh-host parameters.
ssh-port is optional parameter, default is 22.

ssh-username for user ubuntu should be "--ssh-username ubuntu"
ssh-key should be path to your secret ssh key "--ssh-key %path-to-secret-key%"
ssh-host can be ip of remote machine or resolvable dns name "--ssh-host"

Backup example::

$ sudo freezerc --file-to-backup /data/dir/to/backup
--container /remote-machine-path/ --backup-name my-backup-name
--storage ssh --ssh-username ubuntu --ssh-key ~/.ssh/id_rsa

Restore example::

$ sudo freezerc --action restore --restore-abs-pat /data/dir/to/backup
--container /remote-machine-path/ --backup-name my-backup-name
--storage ssh --ssh-username ubuntu --ssh-key ~/.ssh/id_rsa


As a general rule, when you execute a restore, the application that
writes or reads data should be stopped.

There are 3 main options that need to be set for data restore

File System Restore:

Execute a file system restore of the backup name

$ sudo freezerc --action restore --container freezer_foobar-container-2
--backup-name adminui.git
--hostname git-HP-DL380-host-001 --restore-abs-path
--restore-from-date "2014-05-23T23:23:23"

MySQL restore:

Execute a MySQL restore of the backup name holly-mysql.
Let's stop mysql service first::

$ sudo service mysql stop

Execute Restore::

$ sudo freezerc --action restore --container freezer_foobar-container-2
--backup-name mysq-prod --hostname db-HP-DL380-host-001
--restore-abs-path /var/lib/mysql --restore-from-date "2014-05-23T23:23:23"

And finally restart mysql::

$ sudo service mysql start

Execute a MongoDB restore of the backup name mongobigdata::

$ sudo freezerc --action restore --container freezer_foobar-container-2
--backup-name mongobigdata --hostname db-HP-DL380-host-001
--restore-abs-path /var/lib/mongo --restore-from-date "2014-05-23T23:23:23"

List remote containers::

$ sudo freezerc --action info

List remote objects in container::

$ sudo freezerc --action info --container freezer_testcontainer -l

Remove backups older then 1 day::

$ freezerc --action admin --container freezer_dev-test --remove-older-then 1 --backup-name dev-test-01

Cinder restore currently creates a volume with the contents of the saved one, but
doesn't implement deattach of existing volume and attach of the new one to the
vm. You should implement these steps manually. To create a new volume from
existing content run next command:

Execute a cinder restore::

$ freezerc --action restore --cinder-inst-id 3ad7a62f-217a-48cd-a861-43ec0a04a78b
$ freezerc --action restore --cindernative-vol-id 3ad7a62f-217a-48cd-a861-43ec0a04a78b

Nova restore currently creates an instance with the content of saved one, but the
ip address of the vm will be different as well as it's id.

Execute a nova restore::

$ freezerc --action restore --nova-inst-id 3ad7a62f-217a-48cd-a861-43ec0a04a78b

Local storage restore execution:

$ sudo freezerc --action restore --container /local_backup_storage/
--backup-name adminui.git
--hostname git-HP-DL380-host-001 --restore-abs-path
--restore-from-date "2014-05-23T23:23:23"
--storage local


Freezer architectural components are the following:

- OpenStack Swift (the storage)
- freezer client running on the node where you want to execute the backups or

Freezer uses GNU Tar under the hood to execute incremental backup and
restore. When a key is provided, it uses OpenSSL to encrypt data.
Freezer architecture is composed by the following components:

| Component | Description |
| Freezer Web UI | Web interface that interacts with the Freezer API to configure and change settings. |
| | It provides most of the features from the freezerc CLI, advanced scheduler settings such as multi-node backup synchronization, |
| | metrics, and reporting. |
| Freezer Scheduler | A client side component, running on the node where the data backup is to be executed. |
| | It consists of a daemon that retrieves the data from the freezer API and executes jobs (i.e. backups, restore, admin actions, info actions, |
| | pre and/or post job scripts) by running the Freezer Agent. |
| | The metrics and exit codes returned by the freezer agent are captured and sent to the Freezer API. |
| | The scheduler manages the execution and synchronization of multiple jobs executed on a single or multiple nodes. |
| | The status of the execution of all the nodes is saved through the API. |
| | The Freezer scheduler takes care of uploading jobs to the API by reading job files on the file system. |
| | It also has its own configuration file where job session or other settings like the freezer API polling interval can be configured. |
| | The Freezer scheduler manages jobs, for more information about jobs please refer to: freezer_api/README.rst under JOB the sections |
| Freezer Agent | Multiprocessing Python software that runs on the client side, where the data backup is to be executed. |
| | It can be executed standalone or by the Freezer Scheduler. |
| | The freezerc provides a flexible way to execute backup, restore and other actions on a running system. |
| | In order to provide flexibility in terms of data integrity, speed, performance, resources usage, etc the freezer agent offers a |
| | wide range of options to execute optimized backup according the available resources as: |
| | |
| | - Segments size (the amount of memory used) |
| | - Queues size (optimize backups where I/O, bandwidth, memory or CPU is a constraint) |
| | - I/O Affinity and process priority (it can be used with real time I/O and maximum user level process priority) |
| | - Bandwidth limitation |
| | - Client side Encryption (AES-256-CFB) |
| | - Compression (multiple algorithms supported as zlib, bzip2, xz/lzma) |
| | - Parallel upload to pluggable storage media (i.e., upload backup to swift and to a remote node by ssh, |
| | or upload to two or more independent swift instances with different credentials, etc) |
| | - Execute file based incremental (like tar), block based incremental (like rsync algorithm) and differential based backup and restore |
| | - Multiplatform as it can be run on Linux, Windows, \*BSD and OSX |
| | - Automatic removal of old backups |
| Freezer API | The API is used to store and provide metadata to the Freezer Web UI and to the Freezer Scheduler. |
| | Also the API is used to store session information for multi node backup synchronization. No workload data is stored in the API. |
| | For more information to the API please refer to: freezer_api/README.rst |
| DB Elasticsearch | Backend used by the API to store and retrieve metrics, metadata sessions information, job status, etc. |

Freezer currently uses GNU Tar under the hood to execute incremental backup and
restore. When a key is provided, it uses OpenSSL to encrypt data (AES-256-CFB).

The following diagrams can help to better understand the solution:

**Service Architecture**

.. image::

**Freezer Agent backup work flow with API**

.. image::

**Freezer Agent backup without API**

.. image::

**Freezer Scheduler with API**

.. image:: specs/freezer_scheduler_api.png

**Freezer Job Session**

.. image:: specs/job_session.png

**Freezer Dashboard**

.. image:: specs/freezer_dashboard.png

**How to scale**

.. image:: specs/freezer_scheduler_api.png

Low resources requirement

Freezer is designed to reduce to the minimum I/O, CPU and Memory Usage.
This is achieved by generating a data stream from tar (for archiving)
and gzip (for compressing). Freezer segments the stream in a configurable
chunk size (with the option --max-seg-size). The default segment size is
64MB, so it can be safely stored in memory, encrypted if the key is
provided, and uploaded to Swift as a segment.

Multiple segments are sequentially uploaded using the Swift Manifest.
All the segments are uploaded first, and then the Manifest file is
uploaded too, so the data segments cannot be accessed directly. This
ensures data consistency.

By keeping the segments small, in-memory, I/O usage is reduced. Also as
there's no need to store locally the final compressed archive
(tar-gziped), no additional or dedicated storage is required for the
backup execution. The only additional storage needed is the LVM snapshot
size (set by default at 5GB). The lvm snapshot size can be set with the
option --lvm-snapsize. It is important to not specify a too small snapshot
size, because in case a quantity of data is being written to the source
volume and consequently the lvm snapshot is filled up, then the data is

If more memory is available for the backup process, the maximum
segment size can be increased. This will speed up the process. Please
note that the segments must be smaller then 5GB, since that is the maximum
object size in the Swift server.

On the other hand, if a server has small memory availability, the
--max-seg-size option can be set to lower values. The unit of this
option is in bytes.

How the incremental works

The incremental backups is one of the most crucial features. The
following basic logic happens when Freezer executes:

1) Freezer starts the execution and checks if the provided backup name for
the current node already exists in Swift.

2) If the backup exists, then the Manifest file is retrieved. This is
important as the Manifest file contains the information of the
previous Freezer execution.

Nova and Cinder Backups

If our data is stored on cinder volume or nova instance disk, we can implement
file backup using nova snapshots or volume backups.

Nova backups:

If you provide nova argument in parameters, freezer assumes that all
necessary data is located on instance disk and it can be successfully stored
using nova snapshot mechanism.

For example if we want to store our mysql located on instance disk, we
will execute the same actions like in the case of lvm or tar snapshots, but
we will invoke nova snapshot instead of lvm or tar.

After that we will place snapshot to swift container as dynamic large object.

container/%instance_id%/%timestamp% <- large object with metadata

Restore will create a snapshot from stored data and restore an instance from
this snapshot. Instance will have different id and old instance should be
terminated manually.

Cinder backups:

Cinder has its own mechanism for backups, and freezer supports it. But it also
allows creating a glance image from volume and uploading to swift.

To use standard cinder backups please provide --cindernative-vol-id argument.

Parallel backup

Parallel backup can be executed only by config file. In config file you
should create n additional sections that start with "storage:"

Example [storage:my_storage1], [storage:ssh], [storage:storage3]

Each storage section should have 'container' argument and all parameters
related to the storage

Example: ssh-username, ssh-port

For swift storage you should provide additional parameter called 'osrc'
Osrc should be a path to file with Openstack Credentials like:

export OS_AUTH_URL=http://url:5000/v3
export OS_PROJECT_NAME=project_name
export OS_USERNAME=username
export OS_PASSWORD=secret_password
export OS_USER_DOMAIN_NAME=Default
export OS_CACERT=/etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt
export OS_ENDPOINT_TYPE=internalURL

Example of Config file for two local storages and one swift storage:

action = backup
mode = fs
path_to_backup = /foo/
backup_name = mytest6
always_level = 2
max_segment_size = 67108864
container = /tmp/backup/
storage = local
container = /tmp/backup1/
container = /tmp/backup2/
container = test
osrc = openrc.osrc

The freezer-scheduler is one of the two freezer components which is run on
the client nodes; the other one being the freezer-agent.
It has a double role: it is used both to start the scheduler process, and as
a cli-tool which allows the user to interact with the API.

The freezer-scheduler process can be started/stopped in daemon mode using the usual
positional arguments::

freezer-scheduler start|stop

It can be also be started as a foreground process using the --no-daemon flag::

freezer-scheduler --no-daemon start

This can be useful for testing purposes, when launched in a Docker container,
or by a babysitting process such as systemd.

The cli-tool version is used to manage the jobs in the API.
A "job" is basically a container; a document which contains one
or more "actions".
An action contains the instructions for the freezer-agent. They are the same parameters
that would be passed to the agent on the command line. For example:
"backup_name", "path_to_backup", "max_level"

To sum it up, a job is a sequence of parameters that the scheduler pulls
from the API and passes to a newly spawned freezer-agent process at the
right time.

The scheduler understands the "scheduling" part of the job document,
which it uses to actually schedule the job, while the rest of the parameters
are substantially opaque.

It may also be useful to use the "-c" parameter to specify the client-id that
the scheduler will use when interacting with the API.

The purpose of the *client-id* is to associate a job with the
scheduler instance which is supposed to execute that job.

A single openstack user could manage different resources on different nodes
(and actually may even have different freezer-scheduler instances running
on the same node with different local privileges, for example),
and the client-id allows him to associate the specific scheduler instance
with its specific jobs.

When not provided with a custom client-id, the scheduler falls back to the default
which is composed from the tenant-id and the hostname of the machine on which it is

The first step to use the scheduler is creating a document with the job::

cat test_job.json

"job_actions": [
"freezer_action": {
"action": "backup",
"mode": "fs",
"backup_name": "backup1",
"path_to_backup": "/home/me/datadir",
"container": "schedule_backups",
"log_file": "/home/me/.freezer/freezer.log"
"max_retries": 3,
"max_retries_interval": 60
"job_schedule": {
"schedule_interval": "4 hours",
"schedule_start_date": "2015-08-16T17:58:00"
"description": "schedule_backups 6"

Then upload that job into the API::

freezer-scheduler -c node12 job-create --file test_job.json

The newly created job can be found with::

freezer-scheduler -c node12 job-list

| job_id | description | # actions | status | event | result | session_id |
| 07999ea33a494ccf84590191d6fe850c | schedule_backups 6 | 1 | | | | |

Its content can be read with::

freezer-scheduler -c node12 job-get -j 07999ea33a494ccf84590191d6fe850c

The scheduler can be started on the target node with::

freezer-scheduler -c node12 -i 15 -f ~/job_dir start

The scheduler could have already been started. As soon as the freezer-scheduler contacts the API,
it fetches the job and schedules it.


Dependencies notes
In stable/kilo and stable/liberty the module peppep3134daemon is imported
from local path
rather than pip. This generated many issues
as the package is not in the global-requirements.txt
of kilo and liberty. Also pbr in the kilo release
does not support env markers which further complicated
the installation.

Please check the FAQ to: FAQ.rst

Available options::

usage: freezerc [-h] [--config CONFIG]
[--action {backup,restore,info,admin,exec}]
[-s] [--lvm-auto-snap LVM_AUTO_SNAP] [--lvm-srcvol LVM_SRCVOL]
[--lvm-snapname LVM_SNAPNAME] [--lvm-snap-perm {ro,rw}]
[--lvm-snapsize LVM_SNAPSIZE] [--lvm-dirmount LVM_DIRMOUNT]
[--lvm-volgroup LVM_VOLGROUP] [--max-level MAX_LEVEL]
[--always-level ALWAYS_LEVEL]
[--restart-always-level RESTART_ALWAYS_LEVEL]
[-R REMOVE_OLDER_THAN] [--remove-from-date REMOVE_FROM_DATE]
[--no-incremental] [--hostname HOSTNAME]
[--mysql-conf MYSQL_CONF] [--metadata-out METADATA_OUT]
[--log-file LOG_FILE]
[--log-level {all,debug,info,warn,error,critical}]
[--exclude EXCLUDE]
[--dereference-symlink {none,soft,hard,all}]
[--encrypt-pass-file ENCRYPT_PASS_FILE] [-M MAX_SEGMENT_SIZE]
[--restore-abs-path RESTORE_ABS_PATH]
[--restore-from-host HOSTNAME]
[--restore-from-date RESTORE_FROM_DATE] [--max-priority] [-V]
[-q] [--insecure] [--os-auth-ver {1,2,2.0,3}] [--proxy PROXY]
[--dry-run] [--upload-limit UPLOAD_LIMIT]
[--cinder-vol-id CINDER_VOL_ID] [--nova-inst-id NOVA_INST_ID]
[--cindernative-vol-id CINDERNATIVE_VOL_ID]
[--download-limit DOWNLOAD_LIMIT]
[--sql-server-conf SQL_SERVER_CONF]
[--command COMMAND] [--compression {gzip,bzip2,xz}]
[--storage {local,swift,ssh}] [--ssh-key SSH_KEY]
[--ssh-username SSH_USERNAME] [--ssh-host SSH_HOST]
[--ssh-port SSH_PORT]

optional arguments:
-h, --help show this help message and exit
--config CONFIG Config file abs path. Option arguments are provided
from config file. When config file is used any option
from command line provided take precedence.
--action {backup,restore,info,admin,exec}
Set the action to be taken. backup and restore are
self explanatory, info is used to retrieve info from
the storage media, exec is used to execute a script,
while admin is used to delete old backups and other
admin actions. Default backup.
-F PATH_TO_BACKUP, --path-to-backup PATH_TO_BACKUP, --file-to-backup PATH_TO_BACKUP
The file or directory you want to back up to Swift
The backup name you want to use to identify your
backup on Swift
-m MODE, --mode MODE Set the technology to back from. Options are, fs
(filesystem), mongo (MongoDB), mysql (MySQL),
sqlserver (SQL Server) Default set to fs
The Swift container (or path to local storage) used to
upload files to
-s, --snapshot Create a snapshot of the fs containing the resource to
backup. When used, the lvm parameters will be guessed
and/or the default values will be used
--lvm-auto-snap LVM_AUTO_SNAP
Automatically guess the volume group and volume name
for given PATH.
--lvm-srcvol LVM_SRCVOL
Set the lvm volume you want to take a snaphost from.
Default no volume
--lvm-snapname LVM_SNAPNAME
Set the lvm snapshot name to use. If the snapshot name
already exists, the old one will be used a no new one
will be created. Default freezer_backup_snap.
--lvm-snap-perm {ro,rw}
Set the lvm snapshot permission to use. If the
permission is set to ro The snapshot will be immutable
- read only -. If the permission is set to rw it will
be mutable
--lvm-snapsize LVM_SNAPSIZE
Set the lvm snapshot size when creating a new
snapshot. Please add G for Gigabytes or M for
Megabytes, i.e. 500M or 8G. Default 1G.
--lvm-dirmount LVM_DIRMOUNT
Set the directory you want to mount the lvm snapshot
to. Default to /var/lib/freezer
--lvm-volgroup LVM_VOLGROUP
Specify the volume group of your logical volume. This
is important to mount your snapshot volume. Default
not set
--max-level MAX_LEVEL
Set the backup level used with tar to implement
incremental backup. If a level 1 is specified but no
level 0 is already available, a level 0 will be done
and subsequently backs to level 1. Default 0 (No
--always-level ALWAYS_LEVEL
Set backup maximum level used with tar to implement
incremental backup. If a level 3 is specified, the
backup will be executed from level 0 to level 3 and to
that point always a backup level 3 will be executed.
It will not restart from level 0. This option has
precedence over --max-backup-level. Default False
--restart-always-level RESTART_ALWAYS_LEVEL
Restart the backup from level 0 after n days. Valid
only if --always-level option if set. If --always-
level is used together with --remove-older-then, there
might be the chance where the initial level 0 will be
removed Default False (Disabled)
-R REMOVE_OLDER_THAN, --remove-older-then REMOVE_OLDER_THAN, --remove-older-than REMOVE_OLDER_THAN
Checks in the specified container for object older
than the specified days.If i.e. 30 is specified, it
will remove the remote object older than 30 days.
Default False (Disabled) The option --remove-older-
then is deprecated and will be removed soon
--remove-from-date REMOVE_FROM_DATE
Checks the specified container and removes objects
older than the provided datetime in the form "YYYY-MM-
DDThh:mm:ss i.e. "1974-03-25T23:23:23". Make sure the
"T" is between date and time
--no-incremental Disable incremental feature. By default freezer build
the meta data even for level 0 backup. By setting this
option incremental meta data is not created at all.
Default disabled
--hostname HOSTNAME Set hostname to execute actions. If you are executing
freezer from one host but you want to delete objects
belonging to another host then you can set this option
that hostname and execute appropriate actions. Default
current node hostname.
--mysql-conf MYSQL_CONF
Set the MySQL configuration file where freezer
retrieve important information as db_name, user,
password, host, port. Following is an example of
config file: # backup_mysql_conf host = <db-host> user
= <mysqluser> password = <mysqlpass> port = <db-port>
--metadata-out METADATA_OUT
Set the filename to which write the metadata regarding
the backup metrics. Use "-" to output to standard
--log-file LOG_FILE Set log file. By default logs to
/var/log/freezer.logIf that file is not writable,
freezer tries to logto ~/.freezer/freezer.log
--log-level {all,debug,info,warn,error,critical}
Set logging level. Can be all, debug, info,
warn,error, critical. Default value - info
--exclude EXCLUDE Exclude files, given as a PATTERN.Ex: --exclude
'*.log' will exclude any file with name ending with
.log. Default no exclude
--dereference-symlink {none,soft,hard,all}
Follow hard and soft links and archive and dump the
files they refer to. Default False.
--encrypt-pass-file ENCRYPT_PASS_FILE
Passing a private key to this option, allow you to
encrypt the files before to be uploaded in Swift.
Default do not encrypt.
Set the maximum file chunk size in bytes to upload to
swift Default 33554432 bytes (32MB)
--restore-abs-path RESTORE_ABS_PATH
Set the absolute path where you want your data
restored. Default False.
--restore-from-host HOSTNAME
Set the hostname used to identify the data you want to
restore from. If you want to restore data in the same
host where the backup was executed just type from your
shell: "$ hostname" and the output is the value that
needs to be passed to this option. Mandatory with
Restore Default False. (Deprecated use "hostname"
--restore-from-date RESTORE_FROM_DATE
Set the absolute path where you want your data
restored. Please provide datetime in format "YYYY-MM-
DDThh:mm:ss" i.e. "1979-10-03T23:23:23". Make sure the
"T" is between date and time Default None.
--max-priority Set the cpu process to the highest priority (i.e. -20
on Linux) and real-time for I/O. The process priority
will be set only if nice and ionice are installed
Default disabled. Use with caution.
-V, --version Print the release version and exit
-q, --quiet Suppress error messages
--insecure Allow to access swift servers without checking SSL
--os-auth-ver {1,2,2.0,3}, --os-identity-api-version {1,2,2.0,3}
Openstack identity api version, can be 1, 2, 2.0 or 3
--proxy PROXY Enforce proxy that alters system HTTP_PROXY and
HTTPS_PROXY, use '' to eliminate all system proxies
--dry-run Do everything except writing or removing objects
--upload-limit UPLOAD_LIMIT
Upload bandwidth limit in Bytes per sec. Can be
invoked with dimensions (10K, 120M, 10G).
--cinder-vol-id CINDER_VOL_ID
Id of cinder volume for backup
--nova-inst-id NOVA_INST_ID
Id of nova instance for backup
--cindernative-vol-id CINDERNATIVE_VOL_ID
Id of cinder volume for native backup
--download-limit DOWNLOAD_LIMIT
Download bandwidth limit in Bytes per sec. Can be
invoked with dimensions (10K, 120M, 10G).
--sql-server-conf SQL_SERVER_CONF
Set the SQL Server configuration file where freezer
retrieve the sql server instance. Following is an
example of config file: instance = <db-instance>
--command COMMAND Command executed by exec action
--compression {gzip,bzip2,xz}
compression algorithm to use. gzip is default
--storage {local,swift,ssh}
Storage for backups. Can be Swift or Local now. Swift
is defaultstorage now. Local stores backups on the
same defined path andswift will store files in
--ssh-key SSH_KEY Path to ssh-key for ssh storage only
--ssh-username SSH_USERNAME
Remote username for ssh storage only
--ssh-host SSH_HOST Remote host for ssh storage only
--ssh-port SSH_PORT Remote port for ssh storage only (default 22)

Scheduler Options

To get an updated sample of freezer-scheduler configuration you the following command::

oslo-config-generator --config-file config-generator/scheduler.conf

you will find the update sample file in etc/scheduler.conf.sample

Agent Options

To list options available in freezer-agent use the following command::

oslo-config-generator --namespace freezer --namespace oslo.log

this will print all options to the screen you direct the output to a file if you want::

oslo-config-generator --namespace freezer --namespace oslo.log --output-file etc/agent.conf.sample

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