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Python powered Fortran preprocessor

Project description

Fypp is a Python powered Fortran preprocessor. It extends Fortran with condititional compiling and template metaprogramming capabilities. Instead of introducing its own expression syntax, it uses Python expressions in its preprocessor directives, offering the consistency and flexibility of Python when formulating metaprogramming tasks. It puts strong emphasis on robustness and on neat integration into Fortran developing toolchains.

The project is hosted on bitbucket.

Detailed DOCUMENTATION is available on

Fypp is released under the BSD 2-clause license.

Main features

  • Definition and evaluation of preprocessor variables:

    #:if DEBUG > 0
      print *, "Some debug information"
    #:setvar LOGLEVEL 2
  • Macro defintions and macro calls (apart of minor syntax differences similar to scoped intelligent Fortran macros, which probably will once become part of the Fortran standard):

    #:def assertTrue(cond)
    if (.not. ${cond}$) then
      print *, "Assert failed in file ${_FILE_}$, line ${_LINE_}$"
      error stop
    end if
    ! Invoked via direct call (needs no quotation)
    @:assertTrue size(myArray) > 0
    ! Invoked as Python expression (needs quotation)
    $:assertTrue('size(myArray) > 0')
  • Conditional output:

    program test
    #:if defined('WITH_MPI')
      use mpi
    #:elif defined('WITH_OPENMP')
      use openmp
      use serial
  • Iterated output (e.g. for Fortran templates):

    interface myfunc
    #:for dtype in [ 'real', 'dreal', 'complex', 'dcomplex' ]
      module procedure myfunc_${dtype}$
    end interface myfunc
  • Inline directives:

    logical, parameter :: hasMpi = #{if defined('MPI')}#.true.#{else}#.false.#{endif}#
  • Insertion of arbitrary Python expressions:

    character(*), parameter :: comp_date = "${time.strftime('%Y-%m-%d')}$"
  • Inclusion of files during preprocessing:

    #:include "macrodefs.fypp"
  • Using Fortran-style continutation lines in preprocessor directives:

    #:if var1 > var2 &
        & or var2 > var4
      print *, "Doing something here"
  • Passing multiline string arguments to macros:

    #:def debug_code(code)
      #:if DEBUG > 0
    #:call debug_code
      if (size(array) > 100) then
        print *, "DEBUG: spuriously large array"
      end if
  • Preprocessor comments:

    #! This will not show up in the output
    #! Also the newline characters at the end of the lines will be suppressed
  • Suppressing the preprocessor output in selected regions:

    #! Definitions are read, but no output (e.g. newlines) will be produced
    #:include "macrodefs.fypp"


Fypp needs a working Python interpreter, either version 2.7 or version 3.2 or above.

Automatic install

You can use Pythons installer pip to install the last stable release of Fypp on your system:

pip install fypp

This installs the command line tool fypp as well as the Python module fypp. Latter you can import if you want to access the functionality of Fypp directly from within your Python scripts.

Manual install

Alternatively, you can download the source code from the Fypp project website

git clone

The project follows Vincent Driessens git workflow, so in order to obtain

  • the latest stable version, check out the master branch:

    cd fypp
    git co master
  • the latest development snapshot, check out the develop branch:

    cd fypp
    git co develop

The command line tool is a single stand-alone script. You can run it directly from the source folder


or after copying it from the bin folder to any location listed in your PATH environment variable, by just issuing



The Fypp command line tool reads a file, preprocesses it and writes it to another file, so you would typically invoke it like:

fypp source.fypp source.f90

which would process source.fypp and write the result to source.f90. If input and output files are not specified, information is read from stdin and written to stdout.

The behavior of Fypp can be influenced with various command line options. A summary of all command line options can be obtained by:

fypp -h

Project details

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