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getconf, a versatile configuration lib for Python projects

Project description


The ``getconf`` project provides simple configuration helpers for Python programs.

It provides a simple API to read from various configuration files and environment variables:

.. code-block:: python

import getconf
config = getconf.ConfigGetter('myproj', ['/etc/myproj.conf'])
db_host = config.get('', 'localhost')
db_port = config.getint('db.port', 5432)

Beyond this API, getconf aims at unifying configuration setup across development and production systems,
respecting the standard procedures in each system:

* Allow userspace configuration on development systems
* Allow multiple different configurations for continuous integration systems
* Use standard configuration space in ``/etc`` on traditional production servers
* Handle environment-based configuration for cloud-based platforms

``getconf`` supports Python 2.6, 2.7, 3.3, and is distributed under the two-clause BSD licence.


- Package on `PyPI`_:
- Doc on `ReadTheDocs <>`_:
- Source on `GitHub <>`_:


Intall the package from `PyPI`_, using pip:

.. code-block:: sh

pip install getconf

Or from GitHub:

.. code-block:: sh

git clone git://

``getconf`` has no external dependancy beyond Python.


.. note:: Please refer to the full doc for :doc:`reference <reference>` and
:doc:`advanced usage <advanced>`.

All configuration values are accessed through the ``getconf.ConfigGetter`` object:

.. code-block:: python

import getconf
config = getconf.ConfigGetter('myproj', ['/etc/myproj/settings.ini', './local_settings.ini'])

The above line declares:

* Use the ``myproj`` namespace (explained later; this is mostly used for environment-based configuration, as a prefix for environment variables)
* Look, in turn, at ``/etc/myproj/settings.ini`` (for production) and ``./local_settings.ini`` (for development); the latter overriding the former.

Once the ``getconf.ConfigGetter`` has been configured, it can be used to retrieve settings:

.. code-block:: python

debug = config.getbool('debug', False)
db_host = config.get('', 'localhost')
db_port = config.getint('db.port', 5432)
allowed_hosts = config.getlist('django.allowed_hosts', ['*'])

All settings have a type (default is text), and accept a default value.
They use namespaces (think 'sections') for easier reading.

With the above setup, ``getconf`` will try to provide ```` by inspecting
the following options in order (it stops at the first defined value):

- From the environment variable ``MYPROJ_DB_HOST``, if defined
- From the ``host`` key in the ``[db]`` section of ``./local_settings.ini``
- From the ``host`` key in the ``[db]`` section of ``/etc/myproj/settings.ini``
- From the default provided value, ``'localhost'``


**Env-based configuration files**
An extra configuration file can be provided through ``MYPROJ_CONFIG``;
it takes precedence over other files

**Default options**
An extra dictionary can be provided as ``ConfigGetter(defaults=some_dict)``;
it is used after configuration files and environment variables.

It should be a dict mapping a section name to a dict of ``key => value``:

.. code-block:: pycon

>>> config = ConfigGetter('myproj', defaults={'db': {'host': 'localhost'}})
>>> config.get('')

**Typed getters**
``getconf`` can convert options into a few standard types:

.. code-block:: python

config.getbool('db.enabled', False)
config.getint('db.port', 5432)
config.getlist('db.tables') # Expects a comma-separated list


``getconf`` relies on a few key concepts:

Each ``ConfigGetter`` works within a specific namespace (its first argument).

Its goal is to avoid mistakes while reading the environment:
with ``ConfigGetter(namespace='myproj')``, only environment variables
beginning with ``MYPROJ_`` will be read

The configuration options for a project often grow quite a lot;
to restrict complexity, ``getconf`` splits values into sections,
similar to Python's ``configparser`` module.

Section are handled differently depending on the actual configuration

* ``section.key`` is mapped to ``MYPROJ_SECTION_KEY`` for environment variables
* ``section.key`` is mapped to ``[section] key =`` in configuration files
* ``section.key`` is mapped to ``defaults['section']['key']`` in the defaults dict.

**Default section**
Some settings are actually "globals" for a projet.
This is handled by unset section names:

* ``key`` is mapped to ``MYPROJ_KEY`` for environment variables
* ``key`` is mapped to ``[DEFAULTS] key =`` in configuration files
* ``key`` is mapped to ``defaults['DEFAULTS']['key']`` in the defaults dict.

.. _PyPI:

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