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General-purpose text classifier

Project description


General-purpose text classifier in Python

GPTC provides both a CLI tool and a Python library.


pip install gptc[emoji] # handles emojis! (see section "Emoji")
# Or, if you don't need emoji support,
pip install gptc # no dependencies!

CLI Tool

Classifying text

gptc classify [-n <max_ngram_length>] <compiled model file>

This will prompt for a string and classify it, then print (in JSON) a dict of the format {category: probability, category:probability, ...} to stdout. (For information about -n <max_ngram_length>, see section "Ngrams.")

Alternatively, if you only need the most likely category, you can use this:

gptc classify [-n <max_ngram_length>] <-c|--category> <compiled model file>

This will prompt for a string and classify it, outputting the category on stdout (or "None" if it cannot determine anything).

Compiling models

gptc compile [-n <max_ngram_length>] <raw model file>

This will print the compiled model in JSON to stdout.

Packing models

gptc pack <dir>

This will print the raw model in JSON to stdout. See models/unpacked/ for an example of the format. Any exceptions will be printed to stderr.


gptc.Classifier(model, max_ngram_length=1)

Create a Classifier object using the given compiled model (as a dict, not JSON).

For information about max_ngram_length, see section "Ngrams."


Classify text. Returns a dict of the format {category: probability, category:probability, ...}


Classify text. Returns the category into which the text is placed (as a string), or None when it cannot classify the text.


The classifier's model.


Check whether emojis are supported by the Classifier. (See section "Emoji.") Equivalent to gptc.has_emoji and gptc.model_has_emoji(model).

gptc.compile(raw_model, max_ngram_length=1)

Compile a raw model (as a list, not JSON) and return the compiled model (as a dict).

For information about max_ngram_length, see section "Ngrams."

`gptc.pack(directory, print_exceptions=False)

Pack the model in directory and return a tuple of the format:

(raw_model, [(exception,),(exception,)...])

Note that the exceptions are contained in single-item tuples. This is to allow more information to be provided without breaking the API in future versions of GPTC.

See models/unpacked/ for an example of the format.


True if the emoji package is installed (see section "Emoji"), False otherwise.


Returns True if compiled_model was compiled with emoji support, False otherwise.


GPTC optionally supports using ngrams to improve classification accuracy. They are disabled by default (maximum length set to 1) for performance and compatibility reasons. Enabling them significantly increases the time required both for compilation and classification. The effect seems more significant for compilation than for classification. Compiled models are also much larger when ngrams are enabled. Larger maximum ngram lengths will result in slower performance and larger files. It is a good idea to experiment with different values and use the highest one at which GPTC is fast enough and models are small enough for your needs.

Once a model is compiled at a certain maximum ngram length, it cannot be used for classification with a higher value. If you instantiate a Classifier with a model compiled with a lower max_ngram_length, the value will be silently reduced to the one used when compiling the model.

Models compiled with older versions of GPTC which did not support ngrams are handled the same way as models compiled with max_ngram_length=1.


If the emoji package is installed, GPTC will automatically handle emojis the same way as words. If it is not installed, GPTC will still work but will ignore emojis.

emoji must be installed on both the system used to compile the model and the system used to classify text. Emojis are ignored if it is missing on either system.

Model format

This section explains the raw model format, which is how you should create and edit models.

Raw models are formatted as a list of dicts. See below for the format:

        "text": "<text in the category>",
        "category": "<the category>"

GPTC handles models as Python lists of dicts of strs (for raw models) or dicts of strs and floats (for compiled models), and they can be stored in any way these Python objects can be. However, it is recommended to store them in JSON format for compatibility with the command-line tool.

Example model

An example model, which is designed to distinguish between texts written by Mark Twain and those written by William Shakespeare, is available in models. The raw model is in models/raw.json; the compiled model is in models/compiled.json.

The example model was compiled with max_ngram_length=10.


A benchmark script is available for comparing performance of GPTC between different Python versions. To use it, run with all of the Python installations you want to test. It tests both compilation and classification. It uses the default Twain/Shakespeare model for both, and for classification it uses Mark Antony's "Friends, Romans, countrymen" speech from Shakespeare's Julius Caesar.

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