A Python library for graph kernels, graph edit distances, and graph pre-images
A Python package for graph kernels, graph edit distances and graph pre-image problem.
- control>=0.8.2 (for generalized random walk kernels only)
- slycot==0.3.3 (for generalized random walk kernels only, which requires a fortran compiler, gfortran for example)
How to use?
Install the library
- Install stable version from PyPI (may not be up-to-date):
$ pip install graphkit-learn
- Install latest version from GitHub:
$ git clone https://github.com/jajupmochi/graphkit-learn.git $ cd graphkit-learn/ $ python setup.py install
Run the test
A series of tests can be run to check if the library works correctly:
$ pip install -U pip pytest codecov coverage pytest-cov $ pytest -v --cov-config=.coveragerc --cov-report term --cov=gklearn gklearn/tests/
notebooks directory for more demos:
notebooksdirectory includes test codes of graph kernels based on linear patterns;
notebooks/testsdirectory includes codes that test some libraries and functions;
notebooks/utilsdirectory includes some useful tools, such as a Gram matrix checker and a function to get properties of datasets;
notebooks/elsedirectory includes other codes that we used for experiments.
The docs of the library can be found here.
1 List of graph kernels
- Based on walks
- Based on paths
- Non-linear kernels
2 Graph Edit Distances
3 Graph preimage methods
4 Interface to
GEDLIB is an easily extensible C++ library for (suboptimally) computing the graph edit distance between attributed graphs. A Python interface for
GEDLIB is integrated in this library, based on
5 Computation optimization methods
multiprocessing.Poolmodule is applied to perform parallelization on the computations of all kernels as well as the model selection.
- The Fast Computation of Shortest Path Kernel (FCSP) method  is implemented in the random walk kernel, the shortest path kernel, as well as the structural shortest path kernel where FCSP is applied on both vertex and edge kernels.
- The trie data structure  is employed in the path kernel up to length h to store paths in graphs.
This library uses
multiprocessing.Pool.imap_unorderedfunction to do the parallelization, which may not be able to run correctly under Windows system. For now, Windows users may need to comment the parallel codes and uncomment the codes below them which run serially. We will consider adding a parameter to control serial or parallel computations as needed.
Some modules (such as
OpenBLASto perform parallel computation by default, which causes conflicts with other parallelization modules such as
multiprossing.Pool, highly increasing the computing time. By setting its thread to 1,
OpenBLASis forced to use a single thread/CPU, thus avoids the conflicts. For now, this procedure has to be done manually. Under Linux, type this command in terminal before running the code:
$ export OPENBLAS_NUM_THREADS=1
export OPENBLAS_NUM_THREADS=1 at the end of your
~/.bashrc file, then run
$ source ~/.bashrc
to make this effective permanently.
Check this paper for detailed description of graph kernels and experimental results:
Linlin Jia, Benoit Gaüzère, and Paul Honeine. Graph Kernels Based on Linear Patterns: Theoretical and Experimental Comparisons. working paper or preprint, March 2019. URL https://hal-normandie-univ.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02053946.
A comparison of performances of graph kernels on benchmark datasets can be found here.
How to contribute
Fork the library and open a pull request! Make your own contribute to the community!
- Linlin Jia, LITIS, INSA Rouen Normandie
- Benoit Gaüzère, LITIS, INSA Rouen Normandie
- Paul Honeine, LITIS, Université de Rouen Normandie
This research was supported by CSC (China Scholarship Council) and the French national research agency (ANR) under the grant APi (ANR-18-CE23-0014). The authors would like to thank the CRIANN (Le Centre Régional Informatique et d’Applications Numériques de Normandie) for providing computational resources.
 Thomas Gärtner, Peter Flach, and Stefan Wrobel. On graph kernels: Hardness results and efficient alternatives. Learning Theory and Kernel Machines, pages 129–143, 2003.
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 K. M. Borgwardt and H.-P. Kriegel. Shortest-path kernels on graphs. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Data Mining, pages 74-81, 2005.
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 Edward Fredkin. Trie memory. Communications of the ACM, 3(9):490–499, 1960.
 Gaüzere, B., Brun, L., Villemin, D., 2012. Two new graphs kernels in chemoinformatics. Pattern Recognition Letters 33, 2038–2047.
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