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Edits your requirements.txt by hashing them in

Project description

Helps you write your requirements.txt with hashes so you can install with pip install --require-hashes -r ...

If you want to add a package or edit the version of one you’re currently using you have to do the following steps:

  1. Go to pypi for that package

  2. Download the .tgz file

  3. Possibly download the .whl file

  4. Run pip hash downloadedpackage-1.2.3.tgz

  5. Run pip hash downloadedpackage-1.2.3.whl

  6. Edit requirements.txt

This script does all those things. Hackishly wonderfully so.

A Word of Warning!

The whole point of hashing is that you vet the packages that you use on your laptop and that they haven’t been tampered with. Then you can confidently install them on a server.

This tool downloads from PyPI (over HTTPS) and runs pip hash on the downloaded files.

You should check that the packages that are downloaded are sane and not tampered with. The way you do that is to run hashin as normal but with the --verbose flag. When you do that it will print where it downloaded the relevant files and those files are not deleted. For example:

$ hashin --verbose bgg /tmp/reqs.txt
* Latest version for 0.22.1
* Found URL
*   Re-using /var/folders/1x/2hf5hbs902q54g3bgby5bzt40000gn/T/bgg-0.22.1-py2-none-any.whl
*   Hash e5172c3fda0e8a42d1797fd1ff75245c3953d7c8574089a41a219204dbaad83d
* Found URL
*   Re-using /var/folders/1x/2hf5hbs902q54g3bgby5bzt40000gn/T/bgg-0.22.1.tar.gz
*   Hash aaa53aea1cecb8a6e1288d6bfe52a51408a264a97d5c865c38b34ae16c9bff88
* Editing /tmp/reqs.txt

You might not have time to go through the lines one by one but you should be aware that the vetting process is your responsibility.


This is something you only do or ever need in a development environment. Ie. your laptop:

pip install hashin

How to use it

Suppose you want to install futures. You can either do this:

hashin futures

Which will download the latest version tarball (and wheel) and calculate their pip hash and edit your requirements.txt file.

Or you can be specific about exactly which version you want:

hashin "futures==2.1.3"

You can also specify more than one package at a time:

hashin "futures==2.1.3" requests

Suppose you don’t have a requirements.txt right there in the same directory you can specify --requirements-file:

hashin futures --requirements-file=stuff/requirements/prod.txt

By default sha256 hashes are used, but this can be overridden using the --algorithm argument:

hashin futures --algorithm=sha512

If there’s no output, it worked. Check how it edited your requirements file.

Filtering releases by Python version

Some requirements have many releases built for different versions of Python and different architectures. These hashes aren’t useful in some cases, if those wheels don’t work with your project. hashin can filter on the Python version to skip these extraneous hashes.

For example, the cffi package offers wheels built for many versions of CPython from 2.6 to 3.5. To select only one of them, you can use the --python-version option:

hashin "cffi==1.5.2" --python-version 3.5

If you need to support multiple versions, you can pass this option multiple times:

hashin "cffi==1.5.2" --python-version 2.7 --python-version 3.5

hashin will expand these Python versions to a full list of identifers that could be found on PyPI. For example, 3.5 will expand to match any of 3.5, py3, py3.5, py2.py3, or cp3.5. You can also specify these exact identifiers directly, if you need something specific.

The source release is always automatically included. pip will use this as a fallback in the case a suitable wheel cannot be found.

Dry run mode

There are some use cases, when you maybe don’t want to edit your requirements.txt right away. You can use the --dry-run argument to show the diff, so you can preview the changes to your requirements.txt file.


hashin --dry-run requests==2.19.1

Would result in a printout on the command line:

--- Old
+++ New
@@ -0,0 +1,3 @@
+requests==2.19.1 \
+    --hash=sha256:63b52e3c866428a224f97cab011de738c36aec0185aa91cfacd418b5d58911d1 \
+    --hash=sha256:ec22d826a36ed72a7358ff3fe56cbd4ba69dd7a6718ffd450ff0e9df7a47ce6a

PEP-0496 Environment Markers

Requirements can use PEP-0496 style specifiers (e.g. like cffi==1.5.2; python_version >= '3.4') and these will be passed through when re-writing the requirements.txt file. hashin doesn’t parse the specifiers themselves and will take anything after the semicolon. If you are using python_version you will still need to pass appropriate options if you don’t want every available hash.

An example of this might be:

hashin "pywin32-ctypes ; sys_platform == 'win32'"

which will result it something like this in the requirements.txt file:

pywin32-ctypes==0.1.2; sys_platform == 'win32' \

And if you want to limit it to certain Python versions, here’s an example:

hashin "cffi==1.5.2; python_version >= '3.4'" -p 3.4 -p 3.5

Using as a Python library

Everything you can do with hashin on the command line you can do in running Python too. For example:

import hashin
from pprint import pprint

This will print out:

{'hashes': [{'hash': 'fbc7ffaa45a4a67cb45f77dbd94e8eceecebe1d0959fe9c665dfbf28b41899e6',
         'url': ''}],
'package': 'Django',
'version': '1.11b1'}

Or with specific version, algorithm and certain Python versions:

import hashin
from pprint import pprint

Local development

After you have cloned the project, created a virtual environment and run:

pip install -e “.[dev]”

Now, to run it you can use the installed executable hashin and do things like:

touch /tmp/reqs.txt
hashin -r /tmp/reqs.txt Django

Running tests

Simply run:

python test

When you use pip install ".[dev]" it will install tox which you can use to run the full test suites (plus linting) in different Python environments:


Running tests with test coverage

To run the tests with test coverage, with pytest run something like this:

$ pip install pytest-cover
$ pytest --cov=hashin --cov-report=html
$ open htmlcov/index.html


To avoid having to install hashin just to test it or debug a feature you can simply just run it like this:

touch /tmp/whatever.txt
python --verbose Django /tmp/whatever.txt

Code Style

All Python code should be run through Black. This is checked in CI and you can test it locally with tox.

Also, this project uses therapist which helps with checking code style as a git pre-commit hook. therapist is used in tox. To run all code style checks, use tox -e lint but make sure your version of tox is built on a Python 3.


This program is a “fork” of peepin was a companion to the program peep but the functionality of peep has been put directly into pip as of version 8.


If this script proves itself to work and be useful, I hope we can put it directly into pip.

Version History

  • Update change log about the 1.0.0 release.

  • Update, tox.ini and GitHub Actions to use Python >=3.8 and up to 3.12.

  • Match Python versions as py{major}{minor} additionally. Solves problem with installing packages with files like Paste-2.0.3-py34-none-any.whl. Thanks @danfoster!

  • Ability to pass --include-prereleases if you’re trying to add a package that only has pre-releases.

  • Two new dependencies for hashin: pip-api and packaging. This means we no longer need to import pip and rely on private APIs. Thanks @di! This also means you can no longer install hashin on Python 2.6 and Python <=3.3.

  • Switch from<package>/json to<package>/json which also means the sha256 hash is part of the JSON payload immediately instead of having to download and run pip to get the hash.

  • Testing no runs Python 2.6 and Python 3.3.

  • All hashes, per package, are sorted (by the hash) to make it more predictable.

  • You can now pass PEP-0496 Environment Markers together with the package name, and they get passed into the requirements.txt file. Thanks @meejah

  • PackageErrors happening in CLI suppressed just the error message out on stderr. No full traceback any more.

  • Better error if you typo the package name since it’ll 404 on PyPI.

  • Run continuous integration tests with Python 3.6 too.

  • Latest version is now figured out by looking at all version numbers in the list of releases from the JSON payload. The pre releases are skipped.

  • Fixed a bug where it would fail to install a package whose name is partially part of an existing (installed) package. E.g. installing redis==x.y.z when django-redis==a.b.c was already in the requirements file.

  • Ability to make hashin work as a library. Thanks @jayfk !

  • pep8 cleanups.

  • Package matching is now case insensitive. E.g. hashin dJaNgO

  • The requirements file and algorithm arguments are now keyword arguments. Now, the second, third, nth positional argument are additional arguments. Thanks @

  • Support windows binaries packaged as a .msi file.

  • Fix compatibility issue with pip 8.1.2 and 8.1.1-2ubuntu0.1 and drop support for Python 2.6

  • Important bug fix. As an example, if you had pytest-selenium==... already in your requirements.txt file and add selenium==x.y.z it would touch the line with pytest-selenium too.

  • Support for PyPI links that have a hash in the file URL.

  • Fix PackageError if no Python version is defined.

  • Add filtering of package releases by Python version.

  • Issue a warning for users of Python before version 2.7.9.

  • Last character a single newline. Not two.

  • First, hopefully, working version.

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