Skip to main content

hexbytes: Python `bytes` subclass that decodes hex, with a readable console output

Project description


Join the chat at Build Status PyPI version Python versions Docs build

Python bytes subclass that decodes hex, with a readable console output

Read more in the documentation on ReadTheDocs. View the change log.


pip install hexbytes
# convert from bytes to a prettier representation at the console
>>> HexBytes(b"\x03\x08wf\xbfh\xe7\x86q\xd1\xeaCj\xe0\x87\xdat\xa1'a\xda\xc0 \x01\x1a\x9e\xdd\xc4\x90\x0b\xf1;")

# HexBytes accepts the hex string representation as well, ignoring case and 0x prefixes
>>> hb = HexBytes('03087766BF68E78671D1EA436AE087DA74A12761DAC020011A9EDDC4900BF13B')

# get the first byte:
>>> hb[0]

# show how many bytes are in the value
>>> len(hb)

# cast back to the basic `bytes` type
>>> bytes(hb)
b"\x03\x08wf\xbfh\xe7\x86q\xd1\xeaCj\xe0\x87\xdat\xa1'a\xda\xc0 \x01\x1a\x9e\xdd\xc4\x90\x0b\xf1;"

Developer Setup

If you would like to hack on hexbytes, please check out the Snake Charmers Tactical Manual for information on how we do:

  • Testing
  • Pull Requests
  • Code Style
  • Documentation

Development Environment Setup

You can set up your dev environment with:

git clone
cd hexbytes
virtualenv -p python3 venv
. venv/bin/activate
pip install -e .[dev]

Testing Setup

During development, you might like to have tests run on every file save.

Show flake8 errors on file change:

# Test flake8
when-changed -v -s -r -1 hexbytes/ tests/ -c "clear; flake8 hexbytes tests && echo 'flake8 success' || echo 'error'"

Run multi-process tests in one command, but without color:

# in the project root:
pytest --numprocesses=4 --looponfail --maxfail=1
# the same thing, succinctly:
pytest -n 4 -f --maxfail=1

Run in one thread, with color and desktop notifications:

cd venv
ptw --onfail "notify-send -t 5000 'Test failure ⚠⚠⚠⚠⚠' 'python 3 test on hexbytes failed'" ../tests ../hexbytes

Release setup

For Debian-like systems:

apt install pandoc

To release a new version:

make release bump=$$VERSION_PART_TO_BUMP$$

How to bumpversion

The version format for this repo is {major}.{minor}.{patch} for stable, and {major}.{minor}.{patch}-{stage}.{devnum} for unstable (stage can be alpha or beta).

To issue the next version in line, specify which part to bump, like make release bump=minor or make release bump=devnum. This is typically done from the master branch, except when releasing a beta (in which case the beta is released from master, and the previous stable branch is released from said branch).

If you are in a beta version, make release bump=stage will switch to a stable.

To issue an unstable version when the current version is stable, specify the new version explicitly, like make release bump="--new-version 4.0.0-alpha.1 devnum"

Project details

Download files

Download the file for your platform. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages.

Source Distribution

hexbytes-0.2.2.tar.gz (4.7 MB view hashes)

Uploaded source

Built Distribution

hexbytes-0.2.2-py3-none-any.whl (6.1 kB view hashes)

Uploaded py3

Supported by

AWS AWS Cloud computing and Security Sponsor Datadog Datadog Monitoring Fastly Fastly CDN Google Google Download Analytics Microsoft Microsoft PSF Sponsor Pingdom Pingdom Monitoring Sentry Sentry Error logging StatusPage StatusPage Status page