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A command line program to manage a Docker stack.

Project description

# Stack

#### A program for running a stack of Docker services

## Purpose

This is a program to provide some convenience wrappers around common tasks when developing with a Dockerized stack of micro-services. The program aims to simplify some of the management of a local stack and make it easier to develop on an entire stack whilst running and testing it.

The application depends on configurations defined in the base stack.yml file for the applications that will be built.

## App Properties

  • repository: This should specify the URL to the app’s git repository.
  • branch: The particular branch to checkout when cloning the repo.
  • packages: Any packages listed for the Stack that this app depends on

## Package Properties

  • name: The name of the package to be used when installing from PyPi/mirror
  • path: The path to the directory containing the package source
  • build: The build command Stack should execute when updating the package

## Setup

0. Create your Python virtualenv and install requirements: pip install -r requirements.txt

1. First step is to place any needed overrides in the overrides/{APP} directory. These files are what will be used to build the image that will be run in the stack. Typically they closely mirror the files the app uses in its production environment, but with small tweaks to run locally and to interface with other local apps. This directory must contain a Dockerfile if the app is to run off a built image.

2. The next step is to clone all needed repositories into the apps directory. stack includes some convenience commands for managing the subtree repositories. Do this with one command by running stack init. See below for further details on repository management.

3. The third step is to make sure the docker-compose.yml file is fully and accurately filled out to include the apps and their configurations. This includes any volumes needed to mount the app’s source within the container. This allows for file changes to update the services automatically so changes can be tested immediately. Verify current setup by running stack check.

4. Lastly, update the hook scripts with any extra bits of code needed to run the stack. Whether you need to collect npm dependencies after cloning a repo or you need a database to be cleared when cleaning an app, this is where custom functionality should live.

## Stack Commands

To check stack configurations and to ensure volume paths are correct, required images exist, etc:

> stack check [<app>]

Not passing an app will iterate through all services specified in the docker-compose.yml file and check all configurations.

Run the initialize command to clone all needed repositories to their respective branches:

> stack init

To get the stack going, run the following command (pass -d to daemonize the process):

> stack up [-d]

If a container needs to be rebuilt for some reason (updated requirements, etc), run the following command (app is the key of the service in your docker-compose.yml):

> stack reup <app> [–clean]

You could instead shell into the needed container and run the requirements update command there:

> stack shell <app> [-sh]

Stack defaults to trying to open a bash shell, but you can default to sh if bash is not available.

You can also check logs on a container with a couple constraints to more easily find the relevant logs:

> stack logs <app> [–minutes=n] [–lines=n] [-f]

You can specify how many minutes in the past to start the log retrieval or the number of lines to get. You can also pass the -f flag to follow the logs as the container runs.

This will stop and remove the container, and then start it up again. The clean flag will purge the existing container image and rebuild before running again.

To bring the stack down, run the following:

> stack down

This merely wraps docker-compose down –volumes and brings the stack down and removes any left-over data volumes.

> stack packages [package]

This command will attempt to build and upload the package to the PyPi mirror for use by the apps in the Stack. Any apps that were marked as dependent on this package will trigger a reinstall of that package automatically when a new build is successfully registered with the local PyPi mirror.

## Git Subtree Helper Commands

Stack apps are included as git subtrees. Commands were added to Stack to wrap and simplify the commands needed to work with these repositories.

Before cloning, make sure the app exists in the docker-compose.yml file and has the required configurations, namely the repository URL. The current docker-compose.yml file illustrates how to do this with the current set of apps.

Git subtree commands will not run with pending changes in the working directory. Commit all changes before running subtree commands.

To clone an existing repo into the apps directory:

> stack clone <app> <branch>

This will clone the repo as a subtree in the apps directory (default: {PROJECT_ROOT}/apps). If the app is already present in the apps directory, that copy will be removed and the specified branch will be cloned in its place.

To pull remote changes into the local branch, use the pull command:

> stack pull <app> <branch> [–squash]

All commits pulled are added to the stack repository so squashing the incoming commits keeps history tidy.

To create a new branch for a specified app:

> stack checkout <app> -b <branch>

This splits the subtree into the new specified branch. Commit changes as usual for the entire stack repository. Once an update is ready to push, run the push command as usual:

> stack push <app> <branch> [–squash]

This will collect commits relevant to the particular subtree and push those to origin for the new branch. The –squash command will collapse those commits into a single commit.

To get back to the base branch, checkout the branch as usual:

> stack checkout <app> <branch>

This removes the subtree entirely, and clones the specified branch in its place.

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