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Fixture manager for httpretty

Project Description

Fixture manager for httpretty

Features:

  • Reuse responses across tests
  • Allows maintaining state between requests
  • Access past request information
    • On per-fixture basis
    • Across all fixtures

This was written to solve communicating to an Elasticsearch during tests. For our usage, mock didn’t scale well and placing httpretty fixtures on our base test case was impratical. To solve this, we wrote a fixture manager, httpretty-fixtures.

Getting Started

Install the module with: pip install httpretty_fixtures

# Load in our dependencies
import json
import unittest

import httpretty_fixtures
import requests


# Set up our fixture manager
class FakeElasticsearch(httpretty_fixtures.FixtureManager):
    @httpretty_fixtures.get('http://localhost:9200/my_index/my_document/my_id')
    def es_index(self, request, uri, res_headers):
        return (200, res_headers, json.dumps({
            '_index': 'my_index',
            '_type': 'my_document',
            '_id': 'my_id',
            '_version': 1,
            'found': True,
        }))


# Define our tests
class MyTestCase(unittest.TestCase):
    @FakeElasticsearch.run(['es_index'])
    def test_retrieve_from_es(self, fake_elasticsearch):
        """Verify we can retrieve an item from Elasticsearch"""
        # Make our request and verify we hit Elasticsearch
        res = requests.get('http://localhost:9200/my_index/my_document/my_id?first')
        self.assertEqual(res.status_code, 200)
        self.assertEqual(res.json()['_index'], 'my_index')

        # Make a second request for demonstration purposes
        requests.get('http://localhost:9200/my_index/my_document/my_id?second')

        # Introspect our request received on `FakeElasticsearch`
        fixture = fake_elasticsearch.es_index
        self.assertEqual(fixture.first_request.path, '/my_index/my_document/my_id?first')
        self.assertEqual(fixture.last_request.path, '/my_index/my_document/my_id?second')
        self.assertEqual(len(fixture.requests), 2)
        self.assertEqual(fixture.requests[0].path, '/my_index/my_document/my_id?first')
        self.assertEqual(fixture.requests[1].path, '/my_index/my_document/my_id?second')

        # Access request information from all `httpretty` requests
        self.assertEqual(httpretty_fixtures.first_request().path, '/my_index/my_document/my_id?first')
        self.assertEqual(httpretty_fixtures.last_request().path, '/my_index/my_document/my_id?second')
        self.assertEqual(len(httpretty_fixtures.requests()), 2)
        self.assertEqual(httpretty_fixtures.requests()[0].path, '/my_index/my_document/my_id?first')
        self.assertEqual(httpretty_fixtures.requests()[1].path, '/my_index/my_document/my_id?second')

Documentation

httpretty-fixtures exports FixtureManager, get, put, post, delete, head, patch, options, connect, first_request, last_request, and requests as methods/variables.

We will refer to the package as httpretty_fixtures.

FixtureManager()

Class for setting up a set of fixtures on. This should be inherited from into another class with its own set of fixtures.

class FakeElasticsearch(httpretty_fixtures.FixtureManager):
    @httpretty_fixtures.get('http://localhost:9200/my_index/my_document/my_id')
    def es_index(self, request, uri, res_headers):
        return (200, res_headers, json.dumps({'content': 'goes here'}))

fixture_manager.run(fixtures)

Decorator to run a set of fixtures during a function

  • fixtures list - Names of fixture functions to run
    • * str - Name of fixtures function to run

We will pass in the server instance as an argument to the decorated function. From the server, we can access per-instance fixture information and requests.

class FakeElasticsearch(httpretty_fixtures.FixtureManager):
    @httpretty_fixtures.get('http://localhost:9200/my_index/my_document/my_id')
    def es_index(self, request, uri, res_headers):
        return (200, res_headers, json.dumps({}))

class MyTestCase(unittest.TestCase):
    # The `es_index` fixture will be live for all of this test case
    @FakeElasticsearch.run(['es_index'])
    def test_retrieve_from_es(self, fake_elasticsearch):
        """Verify we can retrieve an item from Elasticsearch"""
        # Make our request and verify we hit Elasticsearch
        res = requests.get('http://localhost:9200/my_index/my_document/my_id')

fixture_manager.start(fixtures)

Start running HTTPretty with a set of fixtures

  • fixtures list - Names of fixture functions to run
    • * str - Name of fixtures function to run

Returns:

.start() will run HTTPretty indefinitely until .stop() is called.

fixture_manager.stop()

Stop a running instance of HTTPretty. This should always be run at some point after a .start()

httpretty_fixtures.{verb}(*register_uri_args, **register_uri_kwargs)

Decorator to register a fixture function under an HTTP verb

This is a summary for all possible HTTP verbs:

@httpretty_fixtures.get()
@httpretty_fixtures.put()
@httpretty_fixtures.post()
@httpretty_fixtures.delete()
@httpretty_fixtures.head()
@httpretty_fixtures.patch()
@httpretty_fixtures.options()
@httpretty_fixtures.connect()

Each of these verbs functions passes its arguments/keyword arguments to HTTPretty's register_uri` function.

If there are any arguments you want to apply to your fixture with respect to HTTPretty, this is how to do it.

https://github.com/gabrielfalcao/HTTPretty/tree/0.8.3#usage

@httpretty_fixtures.get("http://underdog.io/")

Function signature

httpretty_fixtures leverages the dynamic callback functionality of httpretty:

https://github.com/gabrielfalcao/HTTPretty/tree/0.8.3#dynamic-responses-through-callbacks

As a result, we expect our decorator to receive a function that matches the following signature:

@httpretty_fixtures.get("http://underdog.io/")
def request_handler(self, request, uri, res_headers):
    res_tuple = (status_code, res_headers, body)
    return res_tuple

# Example
@httpretty_fixtures.get("http://underdog.io/")
def hello(self, request, uri, res_headers):
    return (200, res_headers, 'Hello World!')

The signature is as follows:

  • request_handler function - Handler for our request callback
  • self object - Instance of class extended on top of for FixtureManager
  • uri object - Information about incoming request
  • res_headers object - Default response headers to provide to request
    • These should be modified and/or passed through in the res_tuple
  • res_tuple tuple - Collection of information for our response
    • [0] int - Status code to provide for response
      • For example, 200 would be a 200 HTTP status code
    • [1] object - Modified or provided set of headers provided as a parameter
    • [2] str - Response body for our request
      • In the example above, we replied with 'Hello World!' but this could be JSON, XML, or whatever you need

Function attributes

httpretty_fixtures provides helper properties to access past request information. For the sake of reference, we will refer to a fixture as fixture

  • fixture.first_request - Accesses first request received by fixture in our .run() current instance
    • If no request was received, then this will be None
  • fixture.last_request - Accesses last request received by fixture in our .run() current instance
    • If no request was received, then this will be None
  • fixture.requests - List of all requests received by our fixture

A fixture should be accessible via the returned server from our .run() decorator or .start()

class MyTestCase(unittest.TestCase):
    # The `es_index` fixture will be live for all of this test case
    @FakeElasticsearch.run(['es_index'])
    def test_retrieve_from_es(self, fake_elasticsearch):
        # Access our `fixture` and its properties
        fake_elasticsearch.es_index
        fake_elasticsearch.es_index.first_request
        fake_elasticsearch.es_index.last_request
        fake_elasticsearch.es_index.requests

httpretty_fixtures.first_request()

Alias to access the first request received by HTTPretty.

Warning: If you are using HTTPretty in other locations, then this will register those requests as well.

httpretty_fixtures.last_request()

Alias to access the last request received by HTTPretty.

Warning: If you are using HTTPretty in other locations, then this will register those requests as well.

httpretty_fixtures.requests()

Alias to access all requests received by HTTPretty.

Warning: If you are using HTTPretty in other locations, then this will register those requests as well.

Examples

Preserving state between requests

In this example, we will count between multiple requests to indicate that state is being preserved.

# Load in our dependencies
import unittest

import httpretty_fixtures
import requests


# Set up our fixture manager
class CounterServer(httpretty_fixtures.FixtureManager):
    def __init__(self):
        self.count = 0
        super(CounterServer, self).__init__()

    @httpretty_fixtures.get('http://localhost:9000/')
    def counter(self, request, uri, res_headers):
        self.count += 1
        return (200, res_headers, str(self.count))


# Define our tests
class MyTestCase(unittest.TestCase):
    @CounterServer.run(['counter'])
    def test_counter_state(self, counter_server):
        """Verify we can preserve state between requests"""
        # Make our first request and verify its count
        res = requests.get('http://localhost:9000/')
        self.assertEqual(res.status_code, 200)
        self.assertEqual(res.text, '1')

        # Make our second request and verify its count
        res = requests.get('http://localhost:9000/')
        self.assertEqual(res.status_code, 200)
        self.assertEqual(res.text, '2')

    @CounterServer.run(['counter'])
    def test_counter_alternate_state(self, counter_server):
        """Verify state is not maintained between separate `FixtureManager.run()'s`"""
        res = requests.get('http://localhost:9000/')
        self.assertEqual(res.status_code, 200)
        self.assertEqual(res.text, '1')

Contributing

In lieu of a formal styleguide, take care to maintain the existing coding style. Add unit tests for any new or changed functionality. Test via nosetests.

License

Copyright (c) 2015 Underdog.io

Licensed under the MIT license.

Release History

Release History

This version
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2.1.1

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2.1.0

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2.0.1

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2.0.0

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1.0.2

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1.0.1

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1.0.0

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