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@task for Google App Engine, Python standard environment

Project description

# im_task
This package contains the @task function, for decorating python functions to be appengine tasks.

## Install

Use the python package for this library. You can find the package online [here](

Change to your Python App Engine project's root folder and do the following:

> pip install im_task --target lib

Or add it to your requirements.txt. You'll also need to set up vendoring, see [app engine vendoring instructions here](

## @task

This decorator function is designed to be used as a replacement for [deferred](

### Configuring @task

This bit needs a rewrite. Note that this library doesn't provide utilities for frameworks (eg: flask, webapp2), for those you'll
want the following packages:

- im_task_flask
- im_task_webapp2

### Importing task

You can import task into your modules like this:

from im_task import task

### Using task as a decorator

You can take any function and make it run in a separate task, like this:

def myfunction():
... do stuff ...

Just call the function normally, eg:


You can use @task on any function, including nested functions, recursive functions, recursive nested functions, the sky is the limit. This is possible because of use of [yccloudpickle]( as the underlying serialisation library.

Your function can also have arguments, including other functions:

def myouterfunction(mapf):

def myinnerfunction(objects):
for object in objects:

...get some list of lists of objects...
for objects in objectslist:

def dosomethingwithobject(object):
... do something with an object ...


The functions and arguments are being serialised and deserialised for you behind the scenes.

When enqueuing a background task, the App Engine Task and TaskQueue libraries can take a set of parameters. You can pass these to the decorator:

@task(queue="myqueue", countdown=5)
def anotherfunction():
... do stuff ...

Details of the arguments allowed to Tasks are available [here](, under **class google.appengine.api.taskqueue.Task(payload=None, \*\*kwargs)**. The task decorator supports a couple of extra ones, detailed below.

### Using task as a factory

You can also use task to decorate a function on the fly, like this:

def somefunction(a, b):
... does something ...

somefunctionintask = task(somefunction, queue="myqueue")

Then you can call the function returned by task when you are ready:

somefunctionintask(1, 2)

You could do both of these steps at once, too:

task(somefunction, queue="myqueue")(1, 2)

### transactional

Pass transactional=True to have your [task launch transactionally]( eg:

def myserioustransactionaltask():

### includeheaders

If you'd like access to headers in your function (a dictionary of headers passed to your task, it's a web request after all), set includeheaders=True in your call to @task. You'll also need to accept the headers argument in your function.

def myfunctionwithheaders(amount, headers):
... stuff ...


App Engine passes useful information to your task in headers, for example X-Appengine-TaskRetryCount.

### other bits

When using deferred, all your calls are logged as /_ah/queue/deferred. But @task uses a url of the form /_ah/task/\<module\>/\<function\>, eg:


which makes debugging a lot easier.


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