ipdb exports functions to access the IPython debugger, which features tab completion, syntax highlighting, better tracebacks, better introspection with the same interface as the pdb module.
import ipdb ipdb.set_trace() ipdb.set_trace(context=5) # will show five lines of code # instead of the default three lines # or you can set it via IPDB_CONTEXT_SIZE env variable # or setup.cfg file ipdb.pm() ipdb.run('x = 3') result = ipdb.runcall(function, arg0, arg1, kwarg='foo') result = ipdb.runeval('f(1,2) - 3')
Arguments for set_trace
The set_trace function accepts context which will show as many lines of code as defined, and cond, which accepts boolean values (such as abc == 17) and will start ipdb’s interface whenever cond equals to True.
Using configuration file
It’s possible to set up context using a .ipdb file on your home folder or setup.cfg on your project folder. You can also set your file location via env var $IPDB_CONFIG. Your environment variable has priority over the home configuration file, which in turn has priority over the setup config file. Currently, only context setting is available.
A valid setup.cfg is as follows
A valid .ipdb is as follows
The post-mortem function, ipdb.pm(), is equivalent to the magic function %debug.
If you install ipdb with a tool which supports setuptools entry points, an ipdb script is made for you. You can use it to debug your python 2 scripts like
$ bin/ipdb mymodule.py
And for python 3
$ bin/ipdb3 mymodule.py
Alternatively with Python 2.7 only, you can also use
$ python -m ipdb mymodule.py
You can also enclose code with the with statement to launch ipdb if an exception is raised:
from ipdb import launch_ipdb_on_exception with launch_ipdb_on_exception(): [...]
Context managers were introduced in Python 2.5. Adding a context manager implies dropping Python 2.4 support. Use ipdb==0.6 with 2.4.
Using from future import print_function for Python 3 compat implies dropping Python 2.5 support. Use ipdb<=0.8 with 2.5.
Issues with stdout
Some tools, like nose fiddle with stdout.
Until ipdb==0.9.4, we tried to guess when we should also fiddle with stdout to support those tools. However, all strategies tried until 0.9.4 have proven brittle.
If you use nose or another tool that fiddles with stdout, you should explicitly ask for stdout fiddling by using ipdb like this
import ipdb ipdb.sset_trace() ipdb.spm() from ipdb import slaunch_ipdb_on_exception with slaunch_ipdb_on_exception(): [...]
ipdb source code and tracker are at https://github.com/gotcha/ipdb.
Pull requests should take care of updating the changelog HISTORY.txt.
To test your changes, make use of manual_test.py. Create a virtual environment, install IPython and run python manual_test.py and check if your changes are in effect. If possible, create automated tests for better behaviour control.
Zope2 Products.PDBDebugMode uses ipdb, if available, in place of pdb.
iw.debug allows you to trigger an ipdb debugger on any published object of a Zope2 application.
- Add ‘-m’ option [mrmino]
- Allow runcall, runeval to also use set context value [meowser]
- Add condition argument to set_trace [alexandrebarbaruiva]
- Remove leftover debug code [gotcha]
- Fix when no configuration file [gotcha]
- Add option to set context via environment variable or configuration file [alexandrebarbaruiva]
- Fix version in usage [gotcha]
- Avoid emitting term-title bytes [steinnes]
- Fix –help [native-api]
- Drop support for Python 3.3.x [bmw]
- Stop deprecation warnings from being raised when IPython >= 5.1 is used. Support for IPython < 5.1 has been dropped. [bmw]
- Simplify loading IPython and getting information from it. Drop support for python 2.6 Drop support for IPython < 5.0.0 [takluyver]
- For users using python 2.6, do not install IPython >= 2.0.0. And for users using python 2.7, do not install IPython >= 6.0.0. [vphilippon]
- Drop support for python 3.2. [vphilippon]
- Command line usage consistent with pdb - Add argument commands [zvodd]
- Support IPython 5.0. [ngoldbaum]
- Stop trying to magically guess when stdout needs to be captured. Like needed by nose. Rather, provide a set of function that can be called explicitely when needed. [gotcha]
- drop support of IPython before 0.10.2
- Fix Restart error when using python -m ipdb Closes https://github.com/gotcha/ipdb/issues/93. [gotcha]
- Don’t require users to pass a traceback to post_mortem. [Wilfred]
- Closes https://github.com/gotcha/ipdb/issues/93. [gotcha]
- Reset sys.modules['__main__'] to original value. Closes https://github.com/gotcha/ipdb/issues/85 [gotcha]
- Fix support of IPython versions 0.x [asivokon]
- Switch to revised BSD license (with approval of all contributors). Closes https://github.com/gotcha/ipdb/issues/68 [lebedov, gotcha]
- Don’t pass sys.argv to IPython for configuration. [emulbreh]
- Fix lexical comparison for version numbers. [sas23]
- Allow configuring how many lines of code context are displayed by set_trace [JamshedVesuna]
- If an instance of IPython is already running its configuration will be loaded. [IxDay]
- More Python 3 compatibility; implies dropping Python 2.5 support. Closes https://github.com/gotcha/ipdb/issues/37 [gotcha]
- IPython 1.0 compatibility. Closes https://github.com/gotcha/ipdb/issues/44 [pgularski]
- Index into version_info in setup.py for Python 2.6 compatibility. [kynan]
- Add Travis CI configuration. [kynan]
- Add launch_ipdb_on_exception context manager. Implies dropping Python 2.4 support. [Psycojoker]
- Wrap sys.excepthook only once. [marciomazza]
- Add GPL file and refer in headers. [stan3]
- Python 3 support. [Piet Delport]
- Basic tests. [msabramo]
- Added the functions runcall, runeval and run. [dimasad]
- State dependency on IPython later or equal to 0.10. [gotcha]
- Add setuptools console_scripts entry point. [akrito, gotcha]
- Nose support. Closes https://github.com/gotcha/ipdb/issues/8 [akaihola, gotcha]
- IPython 0.11 support. [lebedov]
- When used from IPython, use its colors. Closes https://github.com/gotcha/ipdb/issues/1 [gotcha]
- Fixed errors when exiting with “q”. [gotcha]
- Allow use of python -m ipdb mymodule.py. Python 2.7 only. Closes https://github.com/gotcha/ipdb/issues/3 [gotcha]
- Fixed post_mortem when the traceback is None. [maurits]
- Add post_mortem() for Products.PDBDebugMode support. [Jean Jordaan]
- Moved to github.com.
- Added pm(). [Paulo Benedict Ang]
- First “non dev” release.
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