A Python utility / library to sort Python imports.
isort your python imports for you so you don’t have to.
isort is a Python utility / library to sort imports alphabetically, and automatically separated into sections. It provides a command line utility, Python library, Vim plugin, Sublime plugin, and Kate plugin to quickly sort all your imports.
from my_lib import Object print("Hey") import os from my_lib import Object3 from my_lib import Object2 import sys from third_party import lib15, lib1, lib2, lib3, lib4, lib5, lib6, lib7, lib8, lib9, lib10, lib11, lib12, lib13, lib14 import sys from __future__ import absolute_import from third_party import lib3 print("yo")
from __future__ import absolute_import import os import sys from third_party import (lib1, lib2, lib3, lib4, lib5, lib6, lib7, lib8, lib9, lib10, lib11, lib12, lib13, lib14, lib15) from my_lib import Object, Object2, Object3 print("Hey") print("yo")
Installing isort is as simple as:
pip install isort
or if you prefer
from the command line:
isort mypythonfile.py mypythonfile2.py
or to see the proposed changes without applying them
isort mypythonfile.py --diff
from within Python:
from isort import SortImports SortImports("pythonfile.py")
from isort import SortImports new_contents = SortImports(file_contents=old_contents).output
from within Kate:
menu > Python > Sort Imports
Installing isort’s Kate plugin
To install the kate plugin you must either have pate installed or the very latest version of Kate:
wget https://raw.github.com/timothycrosley/isort/master/isort_kate_plugin.py --output-document ~/.kde/share/apps/kate/pate/isort_plugin.py
You will then need to restart kate and enable Python Plugins as well as the isort plugin itself.
Installing isort’s Vim plugin
The Vim plugin for isort is maintained by @fisadev with installation directions located on the dedicated vim-isort repository here: https://github.com/fisadev/vim-isort#installation
Installing isort’s Sublime plugin
The sublime plugin for isort is maintained by @thijsdezoete with installation directions located on the dedicated sublime-text-isort-plugin repository here: https://github.com/thijsdezoete/sublime-text-isort-plugin#install
Plugins for other text editors
I use Kate, and Kate provides a very nice Python plugin API so I wrote a Kate plugin. That said I will enthusiastically accept pull requests that include plugins for other text editors and add documentation for them as I am notified.
How does isort work?
isort parses specified files for global level import lines (imports outside of try / excepts blocks, functions, etc..) and puts them all at the top of the file grouped together by the type of import:
Python Standard Library
Current Python Project
Explicitly Local (. before import, as in: from . import x)
Custom Separate Sections (Defined by forced_separate list in configuration file)
Inside of each section the imports are sorted alphabetically. isort automatically removes duplicate python imports, and wraps long from imports to the specified line length (defaults to 80).
When will isort not work?
If you ever have the situation where you need to have a try / except block in the middle of top-level imports or if your import order is directly linked to precedence.
For example: a common practice in Django settings files is importing * from various settings files to form a new settings file. In this case if any of the imports change order you are changing the settings definition itself.
However, you can configure isort to skip over just these files - or even to force certain imports to the top.
If you find the default isort settings do not work well for your project, isort provides several ways to adjust the behavior.
To configure isort for a single user create a ~/.isort.cfg file:
[settings] line_length=120 force_to_top=file1.py,file2.py skip=file3.py,file4.py known_standard_libary=std,std2 known_third_party=randomthirdparty known_first_party=mylib1,mylib2 indent=' ' multi_line_output=3 length_sort=1 forced_separate=django.contrib,django.utils default_section=FIRSTPARTY
Additionally, you can specify project level configuration simply by placing a .isort.cfg file at the root of your project. isort will look up to 20 directories up, from the one it is ran, to find a project specific configuration.
You can then override any of these settings by using command line arguments, or by passing in override values to the SortImports class.
Multi line output modes
You will notice above the “multi_line_output” setting. This setting defines how from imports wrap when they extend past the line_length limit and has 4 possible settings:
0 - Grid
from third_party import (lib1, lib2, lib3, lib4, lib5, ...)
1 - Vertical
from third_party import (lib1, lib2, lib3 lib4, lib5, ...)
2 - Hanging Indent
from third_party import \ lib1, lib2, lib3, \ lib4, lib5, lib6
3 - Vertical Hanging Indent
from third_party import ( lib1, lib2, lib3, lib4, )
4 - Hanging Grid
from third_party import ( lib1, lib2, lib3, lib4, lib5, ...)
5 - Hanging Grid Grouped
from third_party import ( lib1, lib2, lib3, lib4, lib5, ... )
Alternatively, you can set force_single_line to True (-sl on the command line) and every import will appear on its own line
from third_party import lib1 from third_party import lib2 from third_party import lib3 ...
Note: to change the how constant indents appear - simply change the indent property with the following accepted formats: * Number of spaces you would like. For example: 4 would cause standard 4 space indentation. * Tab * A verbatim string with quotes around it. For example: ” ” is equivalent to 4
Ordering by import length
isort also makes it easy to sort your imports by length, simply by setting the length_sort option to True. This will result in the following output style:
from evn.util import ( Pool, Dict, Options, Constant, DecayDict, UnexpectedCodePath, )
Skip processing of imports (outside of configuration)
To make isort ignore a single import simply add a comment at the end of the import line containing the text ‘isort:skip’
import module # isort:skip
from xyz import (abc, # isort:skip yo, hey)
To make isort skip an entire file simply add the following to the modules doc string: ‘isort:skip_file’
""" my_module.py Best module ever isort:skip_file """ import b import a
Adding an import to multiple files
isort makes it easy to add an import statement across multiple files, while being assured it’s correctly placed.
from the command line:
isort -a "from __future__ import print_function" *.py
from within Kate:
menu > Python > Add Import
Removing an import from multiple files
isort makes it easy to remove an import from multiple files, without having to be concerned with how it was originally formatted
from the command line:
isort -r "os.system" *.py
from within Kate:
menu > Python > Remove Import
Using isort to verify code
isort can also be used to used to verify that code is correctly formatted by running it with -c. Any files that contain incorrectly sorted imports will be outputted to stderr.
isort **/*.py -c SUCCESS: /home/timothy/Projects/Open_Source/isort/isort_kate_plugin.py Everything Looks Good! (stdout) ERROR: /home/timothy/Projects/Open_Source/isort/isort/isort.py Imports are incorrectly sorted. (stderr)
isort simply stands for import sort. It was originally called “sortImports” however I got tired of typing the extra characters and came to the realization camelCase is not pythonic.
I wrote isort because in an organization I used to work in the manager came in one day and decided all code must have alphabetically sorted imports. The code base was huge - and he meant for us to do it by hand. However, being a programmer - I’m too lazy to spend 8 hours mindlessly performing a function, but not too lazy to spend 16 hours automating it. I was given permission to open source sortImports and here we are :)
Thanks and I hope you find isort useful!
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